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Waterfront station (Vancouver)

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Waterfront is a major intermodal public transportation facility and the main transit terminus in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It is located on West Cordova Street in Downtown Vancouver, between Granville and Seymour Street. The station is also accessible via two other street-level entrances, one on Howe Street to the west for direct access to the Expo Line and another on Granville Street to the south for direct access to the Canada Line.

Waterfront
TransLink station
Vancouver Waterfront Station.jpg
Location 601 West Cordova Street, Vancouver
439 Granville Street, Vancouver
Coordinates 49°17′09″N 123°06′42″W / 49.28583°N 123.11167°W / 49.28583; -123.11167Coordinates: 49°17′09″N 123°06′42″W / 49.28583°N 123.11167°W / 49.28583; -123.11167
Owned by Cadillac Fairview
Platforms 3 separate sets of centre platforms
Tracks 6
Connections Translinkbus.svg 95 B-Line
Construction
Structure type At-grade and underground
Bicycle facilities Outside bike racks
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code WF
Fare zone 1
History
Opened
  • 1914 (Canadian Pacific Railway)
  • 1977 (SeaBus)
  • 1985 (SkyTrain: Expo Line)
  • 1995 (West Coast Express)
  • 2009 (SkyTrain: Canada Line)
Traffic
Passengers (2016[1]) 35,100 (Expo Line)
37,000 (Canada Line)
72,100 Total
Services
Preceding station   TransLink   Following station
Terminus Expo Line
Canada Line
SeaBus
Terminus
West Coast Express
toward Mission City

The station is within walking distance of Vancouver's historical Gastown district, Canada Place, Convention & Exhibition Centre, Harbour Centre, Sinclair Centre, and the Vancouver Harbour Flight Centre float plane terminal. A heliport operated by Helijet, along with the downtown campuses for Simon Fraser University and the British Columbia Institute of Technology, are also located within the vicinity of the station.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Waterfront station circa 1923

Waterfront station was built by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) and opened on August 1, 1914.[2] It was the Pacific terminus for the CPR's transcontinental passenger trains to Montreal, Quebec and Toronto, Ontario. The current station is the third CPR station. The previous CPR station was located one block west, at the foot of Granville, and unlike the current classical-styled Waterfront station was built in "railway gothic" like the CPR's many railway hotels.[3][4]

In 1978, when Via Rail took over the passenger operations of the CPR and the Canadian National Railway, it continued using both railways' stations in Vancouver, but a year later, Via consolidated its Vancouver operations at Pacific Central Station, the CN station near False Creek, and ceased using the CPR station. The last scheduled Via passenger train to use Waterfront station departed on October 27, 1979.[2]

Waterfront station's transformation into a public intermodal transit facility began in 1977. That year, the SeaBus began operating out of a purpose-built floating pier that was connected to the main terminal building via an overhead walkway above the CPR tracks. The CPR's passenger platform and some of its tracks were torn up in the early 1980s to make way for the guideway of the original SkyTrain line (Expo Line), which opened on December 11, 1985. During Expo 86, SkyTrain operated special shuttle trains between Waterfront station and Stadium–Chinatown station (then named Stadium station), connecting the Canadian Pavilion at Canada Place to the main Expo site along False Creek.

A private ferry company, Royal SeaLink Express, ran passenger ferries from a new dock on the west side of the SeaBus terminal to Victoria and Nanaimo in the early 1990s, but ultimately folded. In 2003, HarbourLynx began operating out of Royal Sealink's old facility at the SeaBus terminal. In 2006, following major engine problems with their only vessel, they folded as well.

In 1995, platforms were built adjacent to the SkyTrain station for the West Coast Express, which uses the existing CPR tracks. The platforms for the West Coast Express were built in the same location as the old CPR platforms. Starting in 2002 and continuing until late 2016, Millennium Line trains shared the SkyTrain tracks with the Expo Line.[5] In 2009, the Canada Line opened with separate platforms which were accessible via the station. Waterfront station serves as a common terminus point for both the Expo Line and the Canada Line.

Waterfront station was one of the first to receive TransLink's new "T" signage, denoting a transit station.[6] This signage was installed in the downtown core of Vancouver to help visitors during the 2010 Olympics to identify a transit hub.

ArchitectureEdit

 
Waterfront station at dusk
 
Waterfront's main concourse

The main station building was designed in a neoclassical style, with a symmetrical red-brick facade dominated by a row of smooth, white Ionic order columns. The Ionic columns are repeated in the grand interior hall, flanking the perimeter of the space. The main hall features two large clocks facing each other high on the east and west walls. Paintings depicting various scenic Canadian landscapes, completed in 1916 by Adelaide Langford, line the walls above the columns.

ServicesEdit

Station informationEdit

 
The entrance to Waterfront station, serving SkyTrain's Expo Line
 
Expo Line platform (Platforms 1 & 2)
 
The digital "next arrival" sign at the Expo Line island platform
 
SkyTrain's Canada Line platform
 
West Coast Express platform

Station layoutEdit

S Street Cordova Street, Howe Street, Granville Street entrances
Concourse
(Cordova)
Main connection points between various modes of transportation
Compass ticketing machines, ATM, shops, fare gates (Expo Line)
C Concourse
(Howe)
Serving Expo Line
Connections to Sinclair Centre and Waterfront Center
Compass ticketing machines, fare gates (Expo Line)
Concourse
(Granville)
Serving Canada Line
Compass ticketing machines, shops, fare gates (Canada Line)
T Platform 1
 Expo Line termination track
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Platform 2
Outbound
 Expo Line towards King George and Production Way–University (Burrard)
   West Coast Express towards Mission City (Moody Centre)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
   West Coast Express towards Mission City (Moody Centre)
Lower Concourse
(Cordova)
Compass ticketing machines, fare gates (Canada Line)
Platform 3
Outbound
 Canada Line towards Richmond–Brighouse and YVR–Airport (Vancouver City Centre)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Platform 4
Outbound
 Canada Line towards Richmond–Brighouse and YVR–Airport (Vancouver City Centre)
Lower Concourse
(SeaBus)
Fare gates (Helipad Exit), washrooms
Connection to HeliJet heliport
  Unused
Island platform, doors will open on the right
   SeaBus outbound towards Lonsdale Quay (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
   SeaBus outbound towards Lonsdale Quay (Terminus)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
  Unused

EntrancesEdit

  • Cordova Street entrance (terminal building)  : a fully accessible entrance connecting all services at Waterfront Station. The entrance is located at the east end of platforms 1 and 2 (Expo Line) and north end of platform 3 and 4 (Canada Line).
  • Howe Street entrance: serves Canada Place, with underground connection to Sinclair Centre and Waterfront Centre at concourse level. No elevator is available at this entrance.
  • Granville Street entrance  : a new entrance opened 2009 in conjunction to the opening of the Canada Line. Located at the south end of platform 3 and 4 (Canada Line).

Transit connectionsEdit

  • Bus service on West Cordova Street, in front of the terminal building (Cordova entrance):
44 UBC
50 False Creek South
  • Bus service at nearby intersection of Cordova Street and Seymour Street across from the entrance:
3 Main
4 Powell
7 Nanaimo Station
8 Fraser
10 Downtown
50 Waterfront Station
N8 Fraser
  • Bus service on Hastings Street, north of the Granville Street entrance:
95 Burrard Station / SFU B-Line
  • Bus service on Pender Street, south of the Granville Street entrance:
4 UBC
5 Robson
7 Dunbar
10 Granville
17 Oak
19 Stanley Park / Metrotown Station
22 Knight
209 Upper Lynn Valley (evening only)
210 Upper Lynn Valley
211 Seymour
214 Blueridge (PM peak only)
N19 Downtown
N22 Downtown
N24 Downtown
  • Additional service available on Granville Street:
4 Powell
7 Nanaimo Station
10 Downtown/Granville
14 UBC/Hastings
16 Arbutus / 29th Avenue Station
17 Oak
20 Victoria
50 Waterfront Station / False Creek South

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2016 Transit Service Performance Review" (PDF). translink.ca. TransLink. Retrieved September 24, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "By the Numbers: Waterfront Station turns 100". The Province. July 31, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  3. ^ Photograph of CPR Station, foot of Granville, 1906[permanent dead link], British Columbia Archives.
  4. ^ CPR station, undated photograph, British Columbia Archives, at Columbia Pacific.
  5. ^ "Translink introduces new SkyTrain operating pattern on October 22". Translink. September 19, 2016. Retrieved November 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ "More T signage is now up in downtown Vancouver", The Buzzer Blog, TransLink, January 27, 2010.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Waterfront Station at Wikimedia Commons