War Admiral (May 2, 1934 – October 30, 1959) was an American thoroughbred racehorse, best known as the fourth winner of the American Triple Crown and Horse of the Year in 1937, and rival of Seabiscuit in the 'Match Race of the Century' in 1938. During his career toward the end of the Great Depression, War Admiral won 21 of his 26 starts with earnings of $273,240 ($3.5 million in 2016 dollars.) After his retirement to stud, he was the leading sire in North America for 1945 and was also an outstanding broodmare sire whose influence is still felt today in descendants such as American Pharoah.
War Admiral at Saratoga, July 1938
|Sire||Man o' War|
|Foaled||May 2, 1934|
|Died||October 30, 1959(aged 25)|
|Breeder||Samuel D. Riddle|
|Owner||Glen Riddle Farm|
Silks: Black, Yellow Sash, Yellow Bars on Sleeves, Black Cap
|Great American Stakes (1936)|
Washington Handicap (1937)
Pimlico Special (1937)
Saratoga Cup (1938)
Whitney Handicap (1938)
Wilson Stakes (1938)
Jockey Club Gold Cup (1938)
Queens County Handicap (1938)
Triple Crown race wins:
Kentucky Derby (1937)
Preakness Stakes (1937)
Belmont Stakes (1937)
|4th U.S. Triple Crown Champion (1937)|
U.S. Champion 3-Yr-Old Colt (1937)
United States Horse of the Year (1937)
Leading sire in North America (1945)
Leading broodmare sire in North America (1962, 1964)
|United States Racing Hall of Fame (1958)|
#13 - Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century
War Admiral was bred in Kentucky by his owner, Samuel D. Riddle, who also owned Man o' War. War Admiral was foaled at Faraway Farm in Lexington, the offspring of Man o' War and Brushup. Man o' War was widely regarded as the greatest American racehorse of his time, but Brushup never won a race. They were bred together six times, producing five undistinguished fillies and one Triple Crown winner.
War Admiral inherited his father's talent, but did not resemble him physically. At 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm), or 15.3 he was smaller than Man o' War's height of 16.2 hands. War Admiral's dark brown coat was inherited from his dam, who also contributed to War Admiral's smaller size as she was under 15 hands. Because of his size, one of War Admiral's nicknames was The Mighty Atom. Others referred to him simply as The Admiral.
Most sources say that War Admiral also inherited his sire's fiery temperament, which manifested chiefly in his reluctance to load in the starting gate. Away from the crowds though, he was more relaxed and given to taking long naps. His groom called him sweet, and his trainer, George Conway, found him more like his dam in terms of personality. Conway was in a position to know as he had been stable foreman to Louis Feustel while the latter trained Man o' War. Conway stayed with Riddle after Feustel's retirement, and trained several of Man o' War's most successful offspring. War Admiral's regular jockey was Charles Kurtsinger.
As a 2-year-old in 1936, War Admiral won three of six races including the Eastern Shore Handicap at Havre de Grace Racetrack in Maryland. However, the star of this crop was then considered to be Pompoon, who defeated War Admiral in the National Stallion Stakes. War Admiral was rated at 121 pounds on the Experimental Free Handicap, 7 pounds below 2-year-old champion Pompoon and seventh overall.
In 1937, War Admiral started his 3-year-old campaign by winning two races at Havre de Grace, including the Chesapeake Stakes. Riddle then made a fateful decision. In 1920, Man o' War was not entered in the Kentucky Derby as Riddle did not like racing outside of New York and Maryland, and also felt the distance of the Derby was too great for 3-year-olds so early in the season. For War Admiral, Riddle made an exception and made the trip west to Churchill Downs. War Admiral went off as the favorite, and, despite delaying the start for several minutes, won in wire-to-wire fashion with Pompoon 1 3⁄4 lengths back in second. Neville Dunn, sports editor for the Lexington Herald, wrote, "A little brown horse that takes after his mammy in size but runs like his daddy charged to victory in the 63rd Kentucky Derby… and he won so easily, so effortlessly, that 65,000 fans nudged one another in the ribs and said, 'I told you so! I told you that War Admiral could run like Man o' War.'"
The Preakness Stakes was held just a week later. After again acting up at the start, War Admiral went to the lead early but had trouble negotiating the turns. Pompoon saved ground along the rail and closed alongside War Admiral as they exited the last turn. The two horses dueled down the stretch with War Admiral finally prevailing by a head.
On June 5, 1937, War Admiral faced six rivals in the Belmont Stakes, going off as the 4-5 favorite. He was particularly fractious at the start, repeatedly breaking through the barrier. After delaying the start for eight minutes, he stumbled leaving the gate. He quickly recovered his stride and won the race by three lengths with "speed to spare". His time of 2:283⁄5 tied the American Record for 1 1⁄2 miles, while breaking Man o' War's track record by a fifth of a second. War Admiral thus became the fourth winner of the Triple Crown. But the victory came at a price: War Admiral had struck the quarter of his right front fore-foot when stumbling at the gate, which left a gaping wound. When led into the winner's circle, his trainer and jockey found his belly and legs covered with his own blood.
The injury was severe enough to cause War Admiral to miss the summer racing season. He returned in October to win three more races, including the Washington Handicap and inaugural Pimlico Special. All told, in 1937 War Admiral won eight of eight races including the Triple Crown. He was the unanimous selection as Champion 3-Year-Old, and also earned the title of Horse of the Year in a close battle with Seabiscuit, the Champion older horse.
In 1938, he won eight major races, including the Whitney Handicap and the Jockey Club Gold Cup. He is linked forever with the year-older Seabiscuit, who was a grandson of Man o' War and the preeminent horse based in the western U.S. Seabiscuit's owner, Charles Howard, brought his horse across country to give Seabiscuit the chance to prove himself to the eastern racing establishment. Seabiscuit and War Admiral almost faced each other several times that summer but for one reason or another, they never met. Finally, a meeting was arranged for November 1, 1938, in the Pimlico Special, in what was billed as The Match Race of the Century. Samuel Riddle asked that the race be run without a starting gate in light of War Admiral's problematic history. With War Admiral's early speed, he was widely seen to have a tactical advantage in a match race and went off as the favorite. However, Seabiscuit's trainer had secretly conditioned Seabiscuit to bolt at the sound of a bell, which resulted in Seabiscuit getting the all important early lead. Seabiscuit won by four lengths and broke the track record.
War Admiral raced twice more, winning the Rhode Island Handicap in 1938 and a race at Hialeah in February 1939, before an injury prompted his retirement.
|4-25-1936||Havre de Grace||Maiden Special Weight||4 1⁄2 furlongs||7.50||10||1||nose|
|5-21-1936||Belmont Park||Allowance||5 furlongs||10.00||8||1||2 lengths||Widener Chute|
|6-6-1936||Belmont Park||National Stallion Stakes||5 furlongs||3.00||10||3||(2 1⁄2 lengths)||Widener Chute, lost to Pompoon|
|7-1-1936||Aqueduct||Great American Stakes||6 furlongs||2.00||8||2||(1 1⁄2 lengths)|
|9-19-1936||Havre de Grace||Eastern Shore Handicap||6 furlongs||7.85||15||1||5 lengths|
|10-10-1936||Laurel Park||Richard Johnson Handicap||6 furlongs||*0.80||10||2||(1 1⁄2 lengths)||Track: Muddy|
|4-14-1937||Havre de Grace||Allowance||6 furlongs||*0.75||6||1||2 1⁄2 lengths|
|4-24-1937||Havre de Grace||Chesapeake Stakes||1 1⁄16 miles||*0.65||7||1||6 lengths|
|5-8-1937||Churchill Downs||Kentucky Derby||1 1⁄4 miles||*1.60||20||1||1 1⁄4 lengths|
|5-15-1937||Pimlico||Preakness Stakes||1 3⁄16 miles||*0.35||8||1||head|
|6-5-1937||Belmont Park||Belmont Stakes||1 1⁄2 miles||*0.90||7||1||3 lengths||Won the Triple Crown|
|10-26-1937||Laurel Park||Allowance||1 1⁄16 miles||*0.40||8||1||2 1⁄2 lengths|
|10-30-1937||Laurel Park||Washington Handicap||1 1⁄4 miles||*0.65||7||1||1 1⁄2 lengths|
|11-3-1937||Pimlico||Pimlico Special||1 3⁄16 miles||*0.05||4||1||1 1⁄2 lengths|
|2-19-1938||Hialeah Park||Allowance||7 furlongs||*0.30||6||1||1 1⁄2 lengths|
|3-5-1938||Hialeah Park||Widener Handicap||1 1⁄4 miles||*0.35||13||1||1 1⁄2 lengths|
|6-6-1938||Aqueduct||Queens County Handicap||1 mile||*0.55||4||1||1 length|
|6-29-1938||Suffolk Downs||Massachusetts Handicap||1 1⁄8 miles||*0.40||6||4||(8 1⁄4 lengths)||Track: Heavy|
|7-27-1938||Saratoga||Wilson Stakes||1 mile||*0.60||3||1||8 lengths||Track: Muddy, geldings not eligible|
|7-30-1938||Saratoga||Saratoga Handicap||1 1⁄4 miles||*0.70||5||1||neck||Track: sloppy|
|8-20-1938||Saratoga||Whitney Handicap||1 1⁄8 miles||*0.33||3||1||1 length||Geldings not eligible|
|8-27-1938||Saratoga||Saratoga Cup||1 3⁄4 miles||*0.33||3||1||4 lengths|
|10-1-1938||Belmont Park||Jockey Club Gold Cup||2 miles||*0.08||3||1||3 lengths||Geldings not eligible|
|11-1-1938||Pimlico||Pimlico Special||1 3⁄16 miles||*0.25||2||2||(4 lengths)||Match race vs. Seabiscuit|
|11-12-1938||Narragansett Park||Rhode Island Handicap||1 1⁄8 miles||*0.20||6||1||2 1⁄2 lengths|
|2-18-1939||Hialeah Park||Allowance||7 furlongs||*0.20||3||1||1⁄2 length|
An asterisk before the odds means War Admiral was the post time favorite
Source: Daily Racing Form Past Performances
War Admiral was the leading American sire in 1945 and the leading juvenile sire in 1948. Before his 1959 death, War Admiral sired 40 stakes winners. Major winners sired by War Admiral include Bee Mac, Blue Peter, Searching, Busanda, Mr. Busher, Navy Page, Cold Command, and Admiral Vee. War Admiral also sired the champion filly and Horse of the Year Busher (ranked #40 in Blood-Horse magazine List of the Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century). He was the Leading Broodmare Sire of 1962 and 1964.
Although War Admiral's sire line no longer exists, he remains a significant influence in modern pedigrees due to his daughters. Their descendants include the likes of Swaps, Buckpasser, Numbered Account, as well as two Triple Crown winners, Seattle Slew and Affirmed. Other descendants of note include Dr. Fager, Alysheba, Cigar and Zenyatta. War Admiral's name appears eight times in the pedigree of the 2015 Triple Crown winner, American Pharoah.
Honors and awardsEdit
War Admiral was elected to the Hall of Fame in the same year as arch-rival Seabiscuit. In The Blood-Horse ranking of the top 100 US thoroughbred champions of the 20th Century, War Admiral was ranked #13, with Seabiscuit as #25.
In popular cultureEdit
The 2003 movie Seabiscuit features the match race between Seabiscuit and War Admiral. The film portrays War Admiral at 18 hands (72 in, or 183 cm) even though War Admiral and Seabiscuit were about the same size with Seabiscuit standing at 15.2 hands and outweighing War Admiral 1,040 to 960 lb (470 to 440 kg)
Man o' War
|Harry of Hereford||John O'Gaunt|
- Bowen, Edward L. (2002). War Admiral. Lexington, Ky.: Eclipse Press. ISBN 978-1-58150-078-3.
- Drager, Marvin (2005). The most glorious crown : the story of America's Triple Crown thoroughbreds from Sir Barton to Affirmed. Chicago, Ill.: Triumph Books. ISBN 1572437243.
- Hillenbrand, Laura. Seabiscuit: An American Legend, (2001), Random House ISBN 978-0-375-50291-0
- "Man o' War, War Admiral, Seabiscuit". RunTheBluegrass. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "War Admiral". American Classic Pedigrees. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "War Admiral - National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame". www.racingmuseum.org. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "War Admiral - 1937 Triple Crown winner". triplecrownraces.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "War Admiral: the little horse who could - and did!". THE VAULT: Horse racing past and present. 9 January 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Chart of the 1937 Kentucky Derby". www.kentuckyderby.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "WGBH American Experience - Seabiscuit". American Experience. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Preakness Media Guide - Preakness Charts" (PDF). preakness.com. p. 71. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Chart for the 1937 Belmont" (PDF). belmontstakes.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 29, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "BackTrack: War Admiral's Record-Breaking Belmont (reprint)". BloodHorse.com. 12 June 1937. Retrieved 8 April 2018.
- "War Admiral gets High Award". Herald-Journal. 10 December 1937. Retrieved 2012-02-26.
- "Triple Crown Winners: War Admiral (link to downloadable PDF)". www.drf.com. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
- Ron Hale. "Seabiscuit vs. War Admiral / the Greatest Match Race of the Century".
- Anne Peters. "Man o' War".
- Avalyn Hunter. "Triple Crown Connections". BloodHorse.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Kentucky Horse Park - Man o' War". www.kyhorsepark.com. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- War Admiral at Find a Grave
- Paulick, Ray. "Ray Paulick discusses the 2003 Seabiscuit film". USA Today (Interview). Retrieved 24 September 2004.