Walworth "Wally" Barbour (June 4, 1908 – July 21, 1982) was the United States Ambassador to Israel from 1961 to 1973.[1][2]

Walworth Barbour
Walworth Barbour.jpg
Born(1908-06-04)June 4, 1908
DiedJuly 21, 1982(1982-07-21) (aged 74)
OccupationDiplomat

BiographyEdit

A graduate of Harvard University, Barbour was one of the longest serving American diplomats in a foreign post, and was described by the Jerusalem Post as a "sagacious political intelligence who could continuously and precisely define for his own country and for his hosts the political aims of both, and more specifically the limits and tolerance of both." In 1961 Barbour was appointed as Ambassador to Israel by President John F. Kennedy.[2] He remained at the post through the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson and passed up an appointment as Ambassador to the Soviet Union by Richard Nixon.[3]

He was considered as a diplomat who was sensitive to the needs of Israel.[2] At a dinner in his honor, Israel Prime Minister Golda Meir said about Barbour "There's no big deal in having an Israel-American friendship society when you have friends like Nixon in the White House and Wally in Israel."[3]

In June of '67 Ambassador Barbour was under tremendous diplomatic pressures during the "Six-Day War" and the "USS Liberty incident", in which a US SIGINT spy ship was attacked in error--according to the Israelis-- after being supposedly mistaken for an Egyptian ship whilst flying the American flag.[4] Barbour also arrived at a time of extreme US sensitivity over Israel's burgeoning nuclear weapons development at Dimona in the Negev desert.

He was also a diplomat in Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Iraq and Egypt, and in the early 1950s he was counselor of the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. He retired from the Foreign Service after he left Israel in 1973.[2]

The Walworth Barbour American International School in Israel (WBAIS) in Even Yehuda, Israel, and a youth center in Tel-Aviv are named after him.[2]

Positions held in the United States Diplomatic ServiceEdit

Source:[5]

  • US Ambassador to Israel (1961–73)
  • US State Department Deputy Chief of Mission, London, England (1955–60)
  • US State Department Deputy Assistant Secretary for European Affairs (1954–55)
  • US State Department Consul, Moscow, USSR (1949–51)
  • US State Department Chief, Division of South European Affairs (1947–49)
  • US State Department Assistant Chief, Division of South European Affairs (1945–46)
  • US State Department Second Secretary-Vice Consul, Athens, Greece (1944–45)
  • US State Department Second Secretary, near Govts. in exile of Greece and Yugoslavia at Cairo (1943–44)
  • US State Department Second Secretary-Vice Consul, Cairo, Egypt(1942–43)
  • US State Department Third Secretary-Vice Consul, Sofia, Italy (1939–41)
  • US State Department Third Secretary-Vice Consul, Baghdad (1936–39)
  • US State Department Vice Consul, Athens, Greece (1933–36)
  • US State Department Vice Consul, Naples, Italy (1931–32)

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

  • The Attack on the Liberty: The Untold Story of Israel's Deadly 1967 Assault on a U.S. Spy Ship.[4]
  • The Six-Day War and Israeli Self-Defense: Questioning the Legal Basis for Preventive War.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Walworth Barbour (1908-1982)". U.S. Department of State - Office of the Historian. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Walworth Barbour Dead at 74". JTA. July 26, 1982. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Walworth Barbour, diplomat who served 12 years in Israel". The New York Times. July 26, 1982. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Scott, James. The Attack on the Liberty: The Untold Story of Israel's Deadly 1967 Assault on a U.S. Spy Ship. Simon and Schuster. p. 374. ISBN 9781416554820.
  5. ^ "Walworth Barbour". nndb.com. Retrieved May 5, 2014.
  6. ^ Quigley, John (January 1, 2013). The Six-Day War and Israeli Self-Defense: Questioning the Legal Basis for Preventive War. Cambridge University Press. p. 266. ISBN 9781107032064.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Ogden Rogers Reid
U.S. Ambassador to Israel
1961–1973
Succeeded by
Kenneth B. Keating