Walter of Palearia
Walter of Palear (or Palearia, also Gualtiero da Pagliaria; died 1229 or 1231) was the chancellor of the Kingdom of Sicily under Queen Constance and the Emperor Henry VI. He was also the bishop of Troia (1189–1208) and later bishop of Catania (from 1208).
Walter put Palermo under the authority of his brother, Gentile, Count of Manoppello, while acting as guardian of Henry and Constance's son, the young king Frederick of Hohenstaufen. He "was perhaps the most important man in the kingdom of Sicily during the early years of Frederick's minority".
Gentile surrendered the city to Markward von Anweiler in 1198, but Pope Innocent III alleged that Markward had bribed Walter for the city and the king's regency. In 1202, an army led by Walter and Dipold, Count of Acerra, was defeated by the claimant Walter III of Brienne, who opposed Frederick as king. Markward died at a town called Patti having succumbed to surgery for kidney stones. After Markward's death, Frederick fell under the control of William of Capparone. Dipold wrested Frederick from Capparone in 1206 and gave him over to the guardianship of the chancellor. Walter and Dipold then had a falling-out and the latter captured the royal palace, where he was besieged and captured by Walter in 1207.
- H. J. Pybus, The Emperor Frederick II and the Sicilian Church, The Cambridge Historical Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2 (1930), p. 150.
- Thomas C. van Cleve, Markward of Anweiler and the Sicilian Regency (Oxford, 1937), p. 201.
- Norbert Kamp (1979). "Celano, Rainaldo di". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 23: Cavallucci–Cerretesi (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana.