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Walter Baldock Durrant Mantell (11 March 1820 – 7 September 1895) was a 19th-century New Zealand naturalist, politician, and land purchase commissioner. He was a founder and first secretary of the New Zealand Institute, and a collector of moa remains.


Walter Mantell
portrait of a man about 50 years old with beard and glasses
Mantell in c.1870
3rd Minister of Māori Affairs
In office
July 1861 – December 1861
Prime MinisterWilliam Fox
In office
December 1864 – July 1865
Prime MinisterFrederick Weld
Postmaster-General
In office
August 1862 – August 1862
Prime MinisterAlfred Domett
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for Wallace
In office
1861 – 1866
Personal details
Born
Walter Baldock Durrant Mantell

(1820-03-11)11 March 1820
Lewes, Sussex, England
Died7 September 1895(1895-09-07) (aged 75)
Wellington, New Zealand
Spouse(s)
Mary Sarah Prince
(m. 1869; died 1873)

Jane Hardwick (m. 1876)
RelationsGideon Mantell (father)
Mary Ann Mantell (mother)

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Mantell was born in Lewes, Sussex, England, the son of geologists Gideon Mantell and Mary Ann Mantell (née Woodhouse). He arrived in Wellington on the Oriental in 1840.[1]

In 1848, Mantell was appointed to the office of commissioner for extinguishing native titles in the South Island.[2] After his father committed suicide in 1852,[3] much of his collection of fossils was inherited by Walter and consequently transported to New Zealand.[4]

Mantell left New Zealand as he did not feel right about trying to convince the indigenous Māori people to undersell their land and returned to England in 1856, where he met Geraldine Jewsbury, a woman eight years his senior. When in New Zealand, the Maori people called Mantell "Matara" (meaning chief in Māori) because they had a difficult time pronouncing his name; Jewsbury used this as a nickname for Mantell. When Mantell was in England he had difficulty finding work. He became restless at home as well as a tendency to act as a hypochondriac. Jewsbury encouraged him to write for the Westminster Gazette or to write a novel about New Zealand. Mantell eventually became tired of his friend's persistent advice. Jewsbury, however, wanted what was best for Mantell and felt deeply attached to him; she once proposed marriage to Mantell in a letter, but he declined her offer. By 1859 Jewsbury had ceased trying to win his love.[5] Shortly thereafter, Mantell returned to New Zealand.[1]

Political careerEdit

New Zealand Parliament
Years Term Electorate Party
1861–1866 3rd Wallace Independent

Mantell represented the Wallace electorate from 1861 to 1866, when he retired.[6] He was the Minister of Māori Affairs in 1861 and 1864–65, and Postmaster-General briefly in 1862.[7][4] From 1866 until his death he was on the New Zealand Legislative Council.[7]

In 1865, he donated the "prime specimen" of his father's fossil collection to Wellington's Colonial Museum (modern-day Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa), including the famous tooth that had led to the discovery of Iguanodon.[4]

Personal lifeEdit

Mantell married Mary Sarah Prince on 5 August 1869.[1] Mary was the daughter of Mary Ann Bevan and Edward Prince and was born in Wellington on 26 August 1845.[8] She died of typhoid at the Mantell home in Sydney Street on 15 March 1873, aged twenty-seven, and was buried in the Bolton Street Cemetery.[9] He had claimed to have married Mary Prince on 29 July 1863.[10]

Mantell married Jane Hardwick a daughter of Benjamin Hardwick of Kent on 10 January 1876 and died in Wellington on 7 September 1895.[1]

Mantell and Mary Prince's son, Walter Godfrey Mantell, was born on 30 April 1864 and legitimized in 1894.[1] He became a dentist in Wellington and married on 28 November 1888 in Auckland Catherine Louise Marguerite Bucholz, daughter of Ernest Louis Bucholz, the late German, Belgian and Italian Consul in Auckland.[11]

Legacy and commemorationEdit

Mantell's fossils remain in possession of the Museum of New Zealand to the present day.[4] Mantell is commemorated in the names of the North Island brown kiwi Apteryx mantelli and the North Island takahē Porphyrio mantelli.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Sorrenson, M. P. K. "Mantell, Walter Baldock Durrant". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  2. ^ "W. B. D. Mantell: Names of the hapu of the Kai Tahu tribe". Otago University Research Heritage. University of Otago. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  3. ^ Bryson (2016), p. 122.
  4. ^ a b c d Bryson (2016), p. 127.
  5. ^ Clarke, Norma (1990). Heights: Writing, Friendship, Love: The Jewsbury Sisters, Felicia Hemans, and Jane Welsh Carlyle. London: Routledge.
  6. ^ Scholefield, Guy (1925) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record (2nd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. p. 116.
  7. ^ a b Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  8. ^ Walker, Rona (1991). Prince: Miseris succurrere. Otaki. p. 7.
  9. ^ "Details for Mantell Mary Sarah". Friends of the Bolton Street Cemetery Incorporated. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
  10. ^ Burke, Bernard (1970) [1890]. Burke’s Colonial Gentry (2 ed.). Baltimore, Ohio: Genealogical Publishing Company. pp. 174–177. ISBN 0-8063-0415-4.
  11. ^ The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Wellington: Cyclopedia Company Limited. 1897. p. 484.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Frederick Weld
Minister of Native Affairs
1861
1864–1865
Succeeded by
Dillon Bell
Preceded by
William Fox
Succeeded by
James FitzGerald
Preceded by
Crosbie Ward
Postmaster-General
1862
Succeeded by
Crosbie Ward
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Dillon Bell
Member of Parliament for Wallace
1861–1866
Served alongside: Dillon Bell
Succeeded by
Alexander McNeil