Walter II (bishop of Autun)

Walter II (French: Gautier or Gauthier) was the bishop of Autun from 1189 until 1223.[1][2]

Walter's family background is unknown. He was a member of the regular clergy prior to his election as bishop in 1189.[3][4] In 1202, he joined the Fourth Crusade in a ceremony alongside some knights from the Auvergne.[5] He did not travel with the main army, but sailed with his company directly to the Holy Land from Marseille, thus avoiding the sack of Constantinople.[1][6][7] Count Guigues III of Forez travelled in the same flotilla. Both arrived in Acre in early 1203.[8]

Walter returned to the Holy Land with the Fifth Crusade in 1217.[1]

Walter was dead by 1224.[2] He was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Symphorien, Autun.[9]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Longnon 1978, p. 213.
  2. ^ a b Mas Latrie 1889, col. 1379.
  3. ^ Bouchard 1987, p. 69.
  4. ^ Régnier 1988, p. 91.
  5. ^ Runciman 1951, p. 110.
  6. ^ Runciman 1951, p. 113.
  7. ^ Queller, Compton & Campbell 1974, p. 457n.
  8. ^ Runciman 1951, p. 101.
  9. ^ Bouchard 1987, p. 387.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1987). Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980–1198. Cornell University Press.
  • Longnon, Jean (1978). Les compagnons de Villehardouin: Recherches sur les croisés de la quatrième croisade. Librairie Droz.
  • Mas Latrie, Louis de (1889). Trésor de chronologie, d'histoire et de géographie pour l'étude et l'emploi des documents du moyen-âge. Paris: Victor Palmé.
  • Queller, D. E.; Compton, T. K.; Campbell, D. A. (1974). "The Fourth Crusade: The Neglected Majority". Speculum. 49 (3): 441–465. doi:10.2307/2851751.
  • Régnier, Jean (1988). Les évêques d'Autun. Letouzey et Ané.
  • Runciman, Steven (1951). A History of the Crusades, Volume III: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades. Cambridge University Press.