Walter Duffield

Walter Duffield.jpeg

Walter Duffield (1816 – 5 November 1882) was a pastoralist and politician in colonial South Australia, Treasurer of South Australia 1865 to 1867.[1]

Duffield was born in Great Baddow, Essex, England, son of William Duffield, a farmer.[1] Walter arrived in South Australia in the William Barras in December 1839.[1] His first occupation was as manager for fellow-passenger Jacob Hagen's estate at Echunga, where his wine was some of the first produced in the colony.[2] He left Echunga to build up the Para Para estate, near Gawler, and produced hams, wines and orchard fruit; he later had 40,000 Merino sheep.[1]

He started business in Gawler as a flour miller ("The Victoria Steam Flour Mill", founded by Stephen King JP) and merchant in September 1847,[3] and, in conjunction with Harrold Brothers as Duffield, Harrold and Company (later Duffield, Harrold and Hurd), owned Weinteriga and Outalpa stations.[4]

Duffield was member for Barossa in the South Australian House of Assembly from 9 March 1857 to 6 April 1868 and from 14 April 1870 to 13 December 1871,[5] and was Treasurer in the John Hart Government from 23 October 1865 to March 1866,[6] and in the Ministry of James Boucaut, which succeeded it, from the latter date till 3 May 1867.[5] Duffield subsequently sat in the South Australian Legislative Council from 3 April 1873 to 27 May 1879, when every four years one third of the Legislative Council was elected by the whole colony as one electorate "The Province".[5]

Duffield died in Gawler on 5 November 1882 and was buried in Willaston General Cemetery.[1]

FamilyEdit

Walter Duffield married Phoebe Johnstone (c. 1814 – 15 May 1890) on 7 March 1842; their children were:

  • Mary Ann Hawkes Duffield (1844– 21 August 1902) married Eli Thomas Humphry in 1880[7]
  • Louisa Caroline Duffield (1846– ) married Frank Makin in 1870
  • Eleanor Duffield (1848 – 13 May 1934) married J(ohn) Davies Thomas MD (c. 1845 – 30 January 1893) on 10 June 1878. Thomas was for a time partner of H. T. Whittell MD.
  • Emily Martha Duffield (1849– ) married Thomas Hopkins Bowen on 2 July 1873[8] Bowen later acted as attorney for the Duffield estate.
  • David Walter Duffield (1851 – 24 January 1922) married Florence Evangeline Kirkpatrick on 15 August 1878

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Huxley, Molly. "Duffield, Walter (1816–1882)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 13 December 2013 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  2. ^ "Death of Mr. Walter Duffield". The Express and Telegraph. XIX (5, 648). South Australia. 6 November 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 21 November 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  3. ^ "Presentation to the Hon. W. W. Duffield". The South Australian Advertiser. Adelaide. 6 October 1877. p. 15. Retrieved 4 September 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  4. ^ "The Late Mr. Joseph Harrold". South Australian Register. Adelaide. 8 April 1891. p. 4. Retrieved 19 October 2015 – via National Library of Australia.
  5. ^ a b c "Mr Walter Duffield". Parliament of South Australia. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  6. ^ Mennell, Philip (1892). "Duffield, Walter" . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.
  7. ^ "Deaths". The Times (36889). London. 3 October 1902. p. 1.
  8. ^ "Family Notices". The Bunyip (434). South Australia. 5 July 1873. p. 2. Retrieved 28 June 2020 – via National Library of Australia.

––