Warwick Alan "Wally" Nightingale (3 January 1956 – 6 May 1996) was an English guitarist. He founded the band that went on to become the Sex Pistols.
|Birth name||Warwick Alan Nightingale|
|Born||3 January 1956|
|Died||6 May 1996 (aged 40)|
|Years active||1972–1975, 1981, 1995|
|Associated acts||The Strand|
The Sex Pistols
Nightingale was born in West Kensington, in London. He received his formal educated at the Christopher Wren Boys' School, in Shepherd's Bush, where he met Paul Cook and Steve Jones, who were also pupils.
The Strand & The SwankersEdit
In 1972, at the end of their school years, Nightingale told Cook and Jones they should start a band. The three called themselves The Strand, after Roxy Music's song "Do the Strand"; Jones was the singer, Nightingale played guitar, and Cook was the drummer. Jones and Nightingale pilfered high-quality instruments and equipment from professional headline musical acts (including Bob Marley, Rod Stewart, and David Bowie) by breaking into clubs where they were due to perform. The band began rehearsing at Nightingale's home in East Acton during the day when his parents were out at work. They soon added Del Noones (Paul Cook's brother-in-law) as a bassist as well as a couple of Steve Jones' friends from Christopher Wren Boys' School, Steve Hayes and Jimmy Macken. They briefly had a conga player named Cecil as well.
By late 1974, the band had begun rehearsing at one of the sound stages of Riverside Studios where Nightingale's father was working. Noones was kicked out of the band due to his lack of appearance at rehearsals; he was replaced by Glen Matlock, a part-time shop assistant at Malcolm McLaren's clothing shop, where Jones and Cook had begun socialising. During this period Nightingale wrote the music for "Did You No Wrong", a song which eventually became the B-side of The Sex Pistol's single "God Save The Queen".
By this time, Bernie Rhodes had shown an interest in managing the band (which was now called The Swankers), but their only public performance was in early 1975 at a birthday party for one of Cook's friends in Chelsea. At the short three-song gig, the line-up consisted of Jones on vocals, Nightingale on guitar, Matlock on bass and Cook on the drums.
Jones, who was impressed by McLaren's prior involvement with the New York Dolls, continually requested McLaren become the band's manager, and in mid-1975 he agreed. However, McLaren thought Nightingale didn't fit the image of the band he had in mind, and told Jones and Cook he would only manage them if they fired Nightingale. Jones, who didn't feel comfortable in the singer's role, had been covertly working hard for several months to learn to play guitar. Nightingale was informed of the decision that he was out of the act upon his arrival for a rehearsal.
The Sex PistolsEdit
With Nightingale gone, the band changed its name to QT Jones & his Sex Pistols at McLaren's suggestion, but the name was soon shortened to The Sex Pistols. McLaren began looking for a new singer, and settled on John Lydon, who frequently hung around his shop. The Sex Pistols played their first gig on 6 November 1975, six months after Nightingale's departure. In a later interview Nightingale recalled watching them perform at the 100 Club in Oxford Street, commenting that his old bandmates Jones and Cook: "wouldn't even talk to me. In hindsight I suppose I'm proud to have been involved in the punk scene, though I don't go around telling everyone of it. After I left (the band) Steve and the others slagged me off in the music press really badly. I never really knew why, I never did them any harm?" However, with regard to his views in retrospect on McLaren's part in removing him from the band, in the same interview Nightingale stated: "McLaren was devious and clever. He'd see things which other people didn't see, and I suppose that's what gave him his edge. Malcolm made the Sex Pistols."
After being forced out of the band, Nightingale continued to pursue a music career, but with limited success. He co-founded a band named Key West in 1981, and a demo of four songs written by Nightingale and Ron Evans was submitted to Warner Bros. Records, who initially showed interest. The band performed shows, had an MTV video filmed and aired, and recorded some demos at Fastbuck Studios in Chiswick. Key West ultimately failed to earn a recording contract and disbanded after two years.
Nightingale's subsequent public musical appearances were rare and sporadic. He appeared as a one-off guest guitarist with the Brentwood punk rock band Beat of the Beast in 1989. In November 1995 he played guitar on the song "Rich Girls" on Mat Sargent's Sex, Drugs & HIV album. During the same month he also performed live with the HIV charity awareness project band the Rock'n'Roll Gypsies.
Song writing creditsEdit
The band that went on to become the Sex Pistols played mainly cover versions of other bands' work, and wrote only two original songs before the arrival of Glen Matlock and John Lydon. One was called "Scarface" (with music by Nightingale and lyrics written by Nightingale's father, according to Glen Matlock) which was never released. The other song was "Did You No Wrong", for which Nightingale composed the music and Jones wrote the original lyrics. Jones' lyrics to the latter song were subsequently rewritten by John Lydon in 1977, but Nightingale's musical arrangement remained unchanged, and the song was commercially released as the b-side to the Sex Pistols' second single “God Save The Queen”. It was later included on the compilation album Flogging a Dead Horse, and was regularly performed live by the band during their reunion tours in the 1990s and 2000s. The Warner Chappell Music database recognizes Nightingale as the song's co-author.
- Jones & Cook interview, 'There'll Always be an England', Julien Temple, Freemantle Home Entertainment (DVD), 2008.
- Jones & Cook interviews, The Filth and The Fury, Julien Temple, Film Four (DVD), 2000
- Savage, Jon (18 January 2002). England's Dreaming, Revised Edition: Anarchy, Sex Pistols, Punk Rock, and Beyond. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 77. ISBN 0312288220.
- Membery, York (1993). "Interview With Wally Nightingale". Rock Compact Disc Magazine (14).
- Jones, Steve (11 January 2017). Lonely Boy: Tales from a Sex Pistol. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306824817.
- "Life and times of the Sex Pistols".[permanent dead link]
- Matlock, Glen (1998). I Was A Teenage Sex Pistol. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0711918171.
- Cramp, Nathaniel (24 July 2006). "The pistols are born: It happened here". Time Out London.
- 'Malcolm McLaren: Artful Dodger', television documentary, British Broadcasting Corporation, 2010.
- savage, Jon (4 August 2010). The England’s Dreaming Tapes. University Of Minnesota Press. ISBN 081667292X.
- Undated excerpt from an interview with Nightingale, online article (2017) on 'The Strand' band. http://www.reocities.com/kutie_jones/wally.html "Steve was playing the guitar behind my back, I was too naive to suspect that he wanted my position in the group."
- "Sex Pistols timeline". Sex Pistols Official Website.
- Strongman, Phil (2008). Pretty Vacant: A History of UK Punk. Chicago Review Press. p. 252. ISBN 1556527527.
- "The Launch". littlelondonstudios.com. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- Moskowitz, David V. (10 November 2015). The 100 Greatest Bands of All Time: A Guide to the Legends Who Rocked the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 583. ISBN 1440803404.
- Chimes, Terry (1 June 2015). The Strange Case of Dr Terry and Mr Chimes. Wilkinson Press. ISBN 1922178241.
- "Warner Chappell Music author database".