Wakuya

  (Redirected from Wakuya, Miyagi)

Wakuya (涌谷町, Wakuya-chō) is a town located in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. As of 30 April 2020, the town had an estimated population of 15,763 in 6028 households, and a population density of 190 persons per km².[1] The total area of the town is 82.16 square kilometres (31.72 sq mi). The area is noted for its rice production.

Wakuya

涌谷町
Wakuya Castle
Wakuya Castle
Flag of Wakuya
Flag
Official seal of Wakuya
Seal
Location of Wakuya in Miyagi Prefecture
Location of Wakuya in Miyagi Prefecture
Wakuya is located in Japan
Wakuya
Wakuya
 
Coordinates: 38°32′23″N 141°07′41.4″E / 38.53972°N 141.128167°E / 38.53972; 141.128167Coordinates: 38°32′23″N 141°07′41.4″E / 38.53972°N 141.128167°E / 38.53972; 141.128167
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureMiyagi
DistrictTōda
Area
 • Total82.16 km2 (31.72 sq mi)
Population
 (April 30, 2020)
 • Total15,763
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeCryptomeria
- FlowerSakura
Phone number0229-43-2111
Address153-2 Shinmachiura, Wakuya-chō, Tōda-gun, Miyagi-ken 987-0192
WebsiteOfficial website
Wakuya town hall

GeographyEdit

Wakuya is in north-central Miyagi Prefecture in the flatlands of the Ōsaki Plains.

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Miyagi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Wakuya has a humid climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters. The average annual temperature in Wakuya is 11.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1224 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -0.7 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Wakuya has declined steadily over the past 70 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 14,051—    
1930 16,710+18.9%
1940 18,423+10.3%
1950 24,919+35.3%
1960 23,604−5.3%
1970 20,935−11.3%
1980 21,319+1.8%
1990 20,871−2.1%
2000 19,313−7.5%
2010 17,494−9.4%

HistoryEdit

The area of present-day Wakuya was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jōmon period by the Emishi people. During the Nara period, gold was discovered in the area, and 13 kilograms of gold from Wakuya were used in the construction of the Nara Daibutsu. During later portion of the Heian period, the area was ruled by the Northern Fujiwara. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by various samurai clans before the area came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.

The town of Wakuya was established on June 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system. The town annexed the neighboring village of Moto-Wakuya on December 1, 1948, and the village of Nonodake on July 15, 1955. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami destroyed numerous buildings in the town, and resulted in one fatality.

GovernmentEdit

Wakuya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 13 members. Wakuya and the neighboring town of Misato together contribute one seat to the Miyagi Prefectural legislature. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Miyagi 5th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Wakuya is largely based on agriculture, primarily the cultivation of rice, spinach, and spring onions. Alps Electric has a manufacturing plant in Wakuya.

EducationEdit

 
The First Wakuya Elementary school

Wakuya has three public elementary schools (Wakuya No.1 Elementary school(涌谷第一小学校), Gesshoukan Elementary school(月将館小学校), Nonodake Elementary school(箟岳小学校)) and one public junior high school (Wakuya Middle School(涌谷中学校}) operated by the town government. [4] The town has one public high school operated by the Miyagi Prefecturing Board of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Ishinomaki Line

  East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Kesennuma Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Noted people from WakuyaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wakuya town official statistics(in Japanese)
  2. ^ climate data
  3. ^ Wakuya population statistics
  4. ^ Wakuya town official home page
  5. ^ "黄金山産金遺跡". Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  6. ^ "長根貝塚". Cultural Heritage Online (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Retrieved 25 December 2016.
  7. ^ a b "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit