Aizu-Wakamatsu Castle (会津若松城, Aizu-Wakamatsu-jō), also known as Tsuruga Castle (鶴ヶ城 Tsuru-ga-jō) is a concrete replica of a traditional Japanese castle in northern Japan, at the center of the city of Aizuwakamatsu, in Fukushima Prefecture.
|Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan|
The reconstructed tenshu (keep)
|Type||Hirayamashiro (hilltop castle)|
|Condition||The tenshu was reconstructed using concrete in 1965.|
|Built by||Ashina Naomori|
|In use||1384 to 1889|
The castle was constructed by Ashina Naomori in 1384, and was originally named Kurokawa Castle (黒川城, Kurokawa-jō). It was the military and administrative center of the Aizu region until 1868. It was ruled by Ashina Moriuji until 1561, when he turned his domain over to his son.
Date Masamune, the greatest warlord of the Tōhoku area, had struggled against the Ashina clan for years, and finally captured the castle in 1589 at the Siege of Kurokawa Castle. But soon he submitted to Toyotomi Hideyoshi and gave it up in 1590.
In 1592 a new lord, Gamō Ujisato, redesigned the castle and gave it the name Tsuruga Castle, although the populace also referred to it as Aizu Castle or Wakamatsu Castle.
During the Edo period, it was the seat of the daimyō of the Aizu Han. The founder was Hoshina Masayuki, the son of shōgun Tokugawa Hidetada and the grandson of Ieyasu. He and his successors bore the Matsudaira name. The castle was an important Tokugawa stronghold in the Tōhoku region of Honshū.
The castle was besieged in the Battle of Aizu by the forces of the newly formed Imperial army in 1868 during the Boshin War. After a month of isolated defence, Matsudaira Katamori surrendered. The castle buildings, pockmarked by artillery during the siege and structurally unstable, were demolished by the new government in 1874.
The tenshu, the largest tower of the castle, was reconstructed in 1965 in concrete. Currently there is a museum inside, and an observation gallery on top with panoramic views of the city.
The tea room, named Rinkaku, has been restored and is designated as an Important Cultural Property by the prefecture. It is open to the public, and at times tea ceremonies are held there.
- Archives of Asian Art. Asia Society. 1982-01-01.
- "JCastle Profile". Archived from the original on 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
- "About Tsuruga Castle（Wakamatsu Castle） - Fukushima Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-08-15.
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