WWJ-TV, virtual channel 62 (UHF digital channel 44), is a CBS owned-and-operated television station licensed to Detroit, Michigan, United States. The station is owned by the CBS Television Stations subsidiary of ViacomCBS, as part of a duopoly with CW owned-and-operated station WKBD-TV (channel 50). The two stations share studios on 11 Mile Road in the Detroit suburb of Southfield; WWJ-TV's transmitter is located in Oak Park, Michigan.
|Slogan||Weather, Without the Wait|
|Channels||Digital: 44 (UHF)|
(to move to 21 (UHF))
Virtual: 62 (PSIP)
(CBS Broadcasting Inc.)
|First air date||September 29, 1975|
|Call letters' meaning||derived from former sister station WWJ radio|
|Former callsigns||WGPR-TV (1975–1995)|
|Former channel number(s)|
|Transmitter power||425 kW|
275 kW (application)
|Height||323 m (1,060 ft)|
326.7 m (1,072 ft) (application)
|Public license information||Profile|
The station is carried on several Canadian cable providers, predominantly in Southwestern Ontario, and is one of five local Detroit television stations seen in Canada on satellite provider Shaw Direct.
On cable, the station is available in standard definition on channel 15 on Comcast Xfinity's Detroit city and Wayne County systems and Cogeco's Windsor system, channel 9 on Xfinity's South Oakland County system, channel 14 on most cable systems in outlying areas (except for WOW!, where it is carried on channel 6), channel 62 on AT&T U-verse, and in high definition on Xfinity channel 233, Cogeco channel 713, and U-verse channel 1062.
WWJ was notable for its brief weather forecast at 11 p.m. tying in a pun referencing its succeeding show, which began with the meteorologist saying "Two and a Half Men starts in two and a half minutes." This timeslot was filled by The Big Bang Theory reruns until September 2017, when Two and a Half Men was brought back to the station's late night lineup (the fall of 2018 saw the CBS-distributed Entertainment Tonight replace it). Though the forecast segment remains at 2½ minutes, at one point, viewers were invited to submit videos of themselves saying the mentioned phrase, which were then played in a montage before each forecast.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The station first signed on the air on September 29, 1975, as WGPR-TV. The station was originally owned by WGPR Incorporated, formed by the Detroit-based International Free and Accepted Modern Masons along with WGPR radio (107.5 FM). The call letters stood for Grosse Pointe Radio, a nod to the radio station's original studio in Grosse Pointe Woods, but were later interpreted to mean Where God's Presence Radiates.
WGPR was the first wholly African American-owned television station in the United States, and was marketed towards Detroit's urban audience. At the time, WGPR's emergence was hailed as an advance for African-American enterprise, with the "color line" having been broken by the station's establishment. Station president William V. Banks, together with Jim Panagos and George White, sales and programming managers respectively of co-owned WGPR radio (107.5 FM), were the management team at the station's outset. Prior to WGPR-TV's sign-on, the channel 62 frequency had been used by WXON (now WMYD channel 20), which had originally broadcast on that channel when it signed on in 1968 before moving to channel 20 in 1972.
Operating as an independent station, WGPR-TV aired network programs from NBC and CBS that were pre-empted by their local affiliates, WWJ-TV (channel 4, now WDIV-TV) and WJBK-TV (channel 2) respectively, as well as older cartoons, a number of religious shows, brokered programs, programs aimed at the black community, R&B music shows, and low-rated off-network dramas and barter syndicated programs.
Channel 62's most popular and most well-known show was a Middle Eastern variety show called Arab Voice of Detroit, which was broadcast late on Saturday nights. Another popular program was a nightly dance show titled The Scene (similar in content to the nationally syndicated Soul Train) that aired from October 13, 1975 to December 31, 1987. A similar lower-budget Friday evening dance show called Contempo was initially The Scene's replacement in 1988; it was hosted by several different personalities from WGPR radio, and featured local artists. However, lackluster ratings caused the show's cancellation in early 1990, and eventually it was replaced by The New Dance Show, which was hosted by R.J. Watkins and aired until 1996. The station was also home to horror show host Ron "The Ghoul" Sweed during the late 1970s, and was Detroit's affiliate for the 1970s version of the NHL Network.
The socially laudatory aims of the station did not immediately translate into good business. During its tenure as an independent station, WGPR-TV was easily the lowest-rated television station in Detroit, with only a niche viewership within its target audiences. On paper, Detroit should have been big enough to support three independent stations. However, Windsor-based CBC owned-and-operated station CBET (channel 9) owned the Detroit rights to many American syndicated programs that would have otherwise likely aired on WGPR-TV. Most of the top-tier syndicated programming was picked clean by WKBD-TV, WXON and CBET. It did not help that it was located near the top of the UHF dial; prior to the advent of cable television, most Detroit-area viewers never tuned past WTVS, the local PBS station on channel 56. This left WGPR-TV to contend with several already marginal independent outlets available to viewers in southeastern Michigan for lower-budget programming.
WGPR was also hampered by an inadequate signal, broadcasting at only 800,000 watts. By comparison, WKBD broadcast at 2.3 million watts, and WXON broadcast at 1.5 million watts. Its signal was so weak that it could only be seen over-the-air in Detroit itself and some nearby suburbs (such as Southfield, East Detroit, Redford Township, Warren, Royal Oak, Livonia and Mount Clemens). The signal could not reach the outlying suburbs such as Clarkston, Lake Orion and Richmond. For its first 20 years on the air, it was the only Detroit station not carried in the Flint-Lansing edition of TV Guide, which, in the Detroit market, was sold in Sanilac, Lapeer, western and northern Livingston, and northwestern Oakland counties.
In August 1986, the station started carrying the International Television Network, which was an overnight four-hour block of primarily foreign-language subtitled programs.
By the 1990s, WGPR's on-air look had become very primitive. It was the only local station which still used art cards instead of CGI for its sponsor announcements and newscasts. Further, a character generator manufactured in the 1970s remained in use for some graphics for many years.
As a CBS owned-and-operated station (1994–present)Edit
WGPR's situation changed in 1994, when New World Communications signed an affiliation deal with Fox under which twelve of its stations switched their affiliations to that network. One of those stations was Detroit's longtime CBS affiliate, WJBK-TV. CBS then approached each of Detroit's four remaining major commercial stations – NBC affiliate WDIV, ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV (channel 7), soon-to-be former Fox outlet WKBD, and WXON – for an affiliation deal. However, WXYZ's owner, the E. W. Scripps Company, forced ABC (which, ironically, had owned WXYZ until 1986) to agree to a long-term affiliation deal with WXYZ and several of its other stations after threatening to affiliate WXYZ and sister station WEWS-TV in Cleveland with CBS. WKBD was eliminated when its owner, the Paramount Stations Group, announced that its stations would become charter affiliates of the co-owned United Paramount Network (UPN). WDIV was not an option as that station was in the middle of a long-term affiliation contract with NBC, while WXON was also not interested in affiliating with CBS, thus leaving the network with only two realistic choices for a new Detroit affiliate: WGPR and another low-profile UHF independent station, Mount Clemens-based WADL (channel 38). Though WGPR was initially thought to have a minimal chance at landing an affiliation deal, CBS broke off negotiations with WADL after its owner started making unreasonable demands. Essentially by default, CBS began discussions with WGPR. However, negotiations with the Masons moved slowly.
CBS faced similar situations in Atlanta, Austin, Cleveland and Milwaukee. In all cases, the longtime CBS affiliates (Atlanta's WAGA-TV, Austin's KTBC-TV, Cleveland's WJW-TV and Milwaukee's WITI) also switched to Fox. While CBS was able to land on higher-profile UHF stations in Atlanta, Austin and Cleveland (the latter two simply swapping with the old Fox affiliates), it was unable to do so in Detroit or Milwaukee.
As a backup, CBS worked out deals with three VHF stations in nearby markets. First, the network persuaded WNEM-TV in Bay City, a longtime NBC affiliate, to switch to CBS as part of a multi-station deal with its parent company, the Meredith Corporation. WNEM's signal penetrated further into the northern portions of the Detroit market than the longtime Flint/Tri-Cities CBS affiliate, WEYI-TV. WNEM provided a strong "grade B" signal to Detroit's northern suburbs, including St. Clair County and parts of Oakland and Macomb counties; as well as Sarnia, Ontario. It also provided a strong city-grade signal to the lower Thumb. CBS also signed a long-term deal with its longtime affiliate in Toledo, Ohio, WTOL-TV, which provided at least grade B coverage to most of Detroit, Windsor and the immediate area and city grade coverage to Monroe County. It also convinced WLNS-TV in Lansing to build a translator in Ann Arbor. The main WLNS signal reached portions of Detroit's western suburbs, such as Livingston and Oakland counties. These moves were made not only in the event CBS could not land an affiliate of its own in Detroit, but also because of channel 62's aforementioned signal problems.
With only a few days remaining before WJBK was due to switch to Fox, CBS had still not lined up a replacement affiliate in Detroit. Fearing it would be left without an affiliate in the nation's tenth-largest market and faced with the prospect of having to pipe in WNEM, WTOL and WLNS for Detroit viewers, CBS struck an eleventh-hour deal to purchase WGPR outright for $24 million. The final price tag was more a reflection of CBS' desperation than the actual value of the station.
However, the plans hit a snag when leaders of Detroit's African-American community spoke out against the sale. Most of the community's ire was directed toward the Masons, who were criticized for agreeing to sell to a mainstream network broadcaster. While the deal's opponents had no objection to WGPR-TV becoming a network affiliate, they feared an important local voice would be lost if CBS gained outright ownership of the station. CBS and the Masons, and their local supporters, contended that they were engaged in a fair business transaction. There was growing sentiment to block the sale of WGPR-TV to CBS in favor of selling it to a locally based broadcaster. Spectrum Detroit Inc., an investment group led by Lansing-based real estate investor and broadcaster Joel Ferguson, made a counter offer to buy the station outright, or at the least convince CBS to enter into a joint-ownership venture. When those efforts failed, the group sued CBS in a last-ditch effort to block the sale. However, Spectrum Detroit could not stop CBS from moving its programming from WJBK to WGPR on December 11, 1994; the first CBS program to air on channel 62 was that day's edition of CBS News Sunday Morning at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Shortly after the switch, CBS started an advertising campaign featuring actor Bill Cosby (among others) in an effort to attract viewers to this previously unknown UHF station. This advertising campaign ended around 1998, with mixed results.
After a court ruled in favor of CBS, the network was able to close on its purchase of channel 62. When the purchase was finalized, channel 62 became the first network-owned station in Detroit since ABC sold WXYZ-TV to Scripps in 1986. CBS officially took control of channel 62 on September 20, 1995, in what would be the last station purchase completed by the original CBS Inc. before the Westinghouse Electric Corporation took full control of the company two months later. Concurrently, the station's call letters changed to WWJ-TV after WWJ radio (950 AM), which CBS had owned from 1989 to 2017 (it is now owned by Entercom). The WWJ-TV calls had originally been used by what is now WDIV from 1947 to 1978; the two television stations are not related.
CBS' ratings in Metro Detroit took a huge hit in the aftermath of the loss of WJBK, as viewers adjusted to the somewhat odd situation of having to tune to a previously little-known station with a high channel number for CBS programming. This was mostly because many cable systems in the outer portions of the Detroit market did not carry it. It would take more than a year for the station to get adequate penetration throughout the area. The network's ratings in the market have never really recovered, and to this day channel 62 has been the weakest major-network station in Detroit. In contrast, WJBK was perennially one of CBS' strongest affiliates. However, CBS initially made a large investment into channel 62, moving the station into a state-of-the-art studio at Stroh River Place in downtown Detroit soon after taking control. It also brought back some limited original programming, having dropped all local programming soon after the purchase.
In 1999, WWJ-TV activated a new tower and transmitter at its radio sister's former transmitter site in Oak Park, boosting its effective radiated power to five million watts, the strongest signal in Detroit. Until the power boost, many viewers in Detroit's outer-ring suburbs watched CBS by way of the three surrounding VHF stations from Bay City, Toledo, and Lansing.
Viacom, which owned then-UPN affiliate WKBD, purchased CBS in September 1999, shortly after WWJ-TV activated its new tower. In 2001, WWJ-TV merged its operations into WKBD's studio facility in Southfield. WKBD is the senior partner in this duopoly since it was longer-established; the CBS affiliate usually is the senior partner in other duopolies that involve stations respectively aligned with CBS and The CW (CBS and UPN prior to 2006). Since then, the station has served mostly as a "pass-through" for automated programming. It does not produce much local content, and much of its lineup outside of CBS network programming consists of syndicated programs.
In February 2014, the Detroit Historical Museum held a fundraiser for a 2016 exhibit on WGPR-TV which will occupy the museum's Community Gallery, in collaboration with the WGPR-TV Historical Society, which aims to immortalize the station's legacy. The exhibit will be moved to a new WGPR-TV Museum to be located at the station's original operating quarters.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|62.1||1080i||16:9||WWJ-HD||Main WWJ-TV programming / CBS|
WWJ-TV began operating its digital high-definition feed on UHF 44 in July, 1999. The station shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 62, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal continued to broadcast on its pre-transition UHF channel 44. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 62, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.
As a CBS O&O, WWJ-TV runs the entire CBS schedule. Syndicated programs currently airing on WWJ-TV as of September 2018 include The Dr. Oz Show, Family Feud, Entertainment Tonight, and Dr. Phil, among others. The latter two programs are distributed by CBS Television Distribution.
As a CBS O&O, WWJ-TV broadcasts CBS Sports telecasts, including CBS' coverage of NFL football. Although most regular season Detroit Lions games air on Fox because the team is in the NFC; from 2008 to 2010, WWJ-TV was the flagship station of the Detroit Lions Television Network in place of sister station WKBD-TV. The station also aired the weekly program The Ford Lions Report, produced by the Detroit Lions during the regular season, and also aired pre-season games for the team (by NFL rules, all cable games are required to be broadcast by a local television station in the team's primary market). In 2010, WWJ-TV had broadcast all Lions preseason games in high definition. The rights to broadcast Lions preseason games and other team-related programming moved to ABC affiliate WXYZ-TV (which as a result, replaced WWJ-TV as the flagship of the Detroit Lions Television Network) beginning with the 2011 season.
WWJ-TV, as per CBS's contract, broadcasts Detroit Lions regular season games when the team is hosting an AFC opponent, including the traditional Thanksgiving Day game on even-numbered years. WWJ-TV also broadcasts the Lions' ESPN Monday Night Football and NFL Network Thursday Night Football games, resulting in CBS' entire primetime lineup being moved to WKBD-TV for the night. As per ESPN's Monday Night contract, WWJ-TV has the right of first refusal for at least one Monday night game. This right of first refusal has only been deferred twice, when the Lions' lone Monday night game of 2011 moved to WXYZ-TV due to an unexpected winning record at the time, and then when the station moved the team's first Monday night game of 2015 to WKBD so as to not preempt a new episode of The Big Bang Theory, among other programs. Being the team's primary market, it is subject to the NFL blackout policy, although in 2015 the policies were suspended on an experimental basis, meaning that any Lions game scheduled to be aired on Channel 62 aired regardless of ticket sales; this policy was continued in 2016.
News and weather operationsEdit
As WGPR-TV, the station produced a low-budget newscast titled Big City News, which served as a launching pad for several news personalities such as Amyre Makupson (née Porter), who later became the lead anchor and public affairs director at WKBD; and Sharon Crews, who later became a multiple-award-winning broadcast journalist. The WGPR-TV news operation was shut down in the late 1980s. In the fall of 1996, WWJ-TV presented a news special on the annual "Devil's Night" fires in Detroit. It served as the pilot for what would become InDepth Detroit, a newsmagazine that aired on Sunday evenings from early 1997 to March 2001.
Unlike other former independent stations and Fox affiliates that joined a Big Three network displaced due to Fox's affiliation deals with longtime major network stations, WWJ-TV did not invest in its own news department after it was acquired by CBS. The station would not have a regular newscast until April 2001, when WWJ-TV launched 62 CBS News at 11. The stripped-down newscast was produced by WKBD, which had been producing its own newscast at 10 p.m. since 1968. Initial efforts tried to brand channel 50's newscast ( UPN Nightside) as a younger, hipper program and channel 62's as a more straightforward, traditional product from a major-network station. However, WKBD and WWJ-TV relied on the same pool of reporters and anchors and even broadcast from the same studio (a situation common with television stations that outsource news programming to another station in the same market, mainly in regards to the use of reporters). The same resources, such as ENG trucks, cameras, writers and editors, were used on both broadcasts, although each broadcast generally had its own producer. Not surprisingly, the two newscasts came to mirror each other closely on most nights; a 2002 article from The Detroit News called the similar newscasts "attack of the clones".
Despite the link to WKBD's long-successful news department, WWJ-TV never came even close to competing with WDIV, WJBK and WXYZ-TV. The station dropped its newscast in December 2002  along with the WKBD newscast when owner Viacom shut the shared news department. The 10:00 p.m. newscast on WKBD continued, retitled "UPN Detroit Action News", and produced by Scripps-owned WXYZ, employing some of the news staff laid off from WWJ-TV and WKBD (that newscast would eventually be canceled in 2005). This move made WWJ-TV the only CBS-owned station not to produce any local news programming (in sharp contrast, WWJ radio is the only all-news radio station in the Detroit area). WWJ-TV is the largest of a group of major-network stations, and the only owned-and-operated station of the four major American broadcast networks, that does not air regular local newscasts. During the period in which they did have local newscasts, WWJ-TV was also the only owned-and-operated station of the four major American broadcast networks whose newscasts were not closed-captioned.
Currently, during the time slots when local newscasts would generally air, WWJ-TV instead runs syndicated programming. Alongside the relaunch under the "WWJ-TV" branding, short weather updates branded as the WWJ-TV First Forecast were added on weekday mornings during The Early Show (and later CBS This Morning), and evenings at 5:00 and 11:00 p.m. on January 7, 2008. This was later accompanied by a new morning program on May 5, 2009, called First Forecast Mornings; while the program primarily focused on weather and traffic reports, news headlines were also included via a partnership with the Detroit Free Press, effectively marking WWJ-TV's return to airing a local newscast. The partnership with the Free Press ended at the end of 2010, and WWJ-TV's radio sister replaced the Free Press as its news partner. On February 7, 2011, an extension of First Forecast Mornings debuted on sister station WKBD-TV from 7 to 9 a.m.
In addition, WWJ-TV airs one other locally produced program, Michigan Matters, a talk show featuring economic and political topics relevant to the metro Detroit area. WWJ-TV senior producer, Carol Cain, is the host. Typically there are two interviews, an open conversation "Round Table" segment and then a "Final Viewpoint" where each of the three panelists and the host read a prepared statement pertaining to the topic of the show.
WWJ-TV and WKBD-TV upgraded all locally produced programming to high definition on February 2, 2012, making them the final CBS-owned properties with an in-house news operation to upgrade to HD; however, the stations continue to air syndicated programming in place of traditional evening and late night newscasts. First Forecast Mornings was discontinued on December 28, 2012 due to low viewership, with the program being replaced by the CBS Morning News and Dr. Phil in its timeslot. On January 25, 2016, a new short-form sports segment called Detroit Sports Report was added following the 11:00 p.m. First Forecast segment.
Notable current on-air staffEdit
- "ITN launches" (PDF). Television/Radio Age. Television Editorial Corp. XXXIV (1): 102, 104. August 4, 1986. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
- "CBS 62." CBS Detroit. Retrieved on December 8, 2012. "26905 West 11 Mile Road Southfield, MI 48033"
- "CW 50 Detroit." CBS Detroit. "26905 W. 11 Mile Road Southfield, MI 48033"
- "michiganbroadcasttowers.com". www.michiganbroadcasttowers.com.
- "First black-owned TV signs on in Detroit." Broadcasting, October 6, 1975, pg. 32. [permanent dead link]
- "FCC approves sale of one Eaton UHF." Broadcasting, June 5, 1972, pp. 40-41. [permanent dead link][permanent dead link]
- YouTube videos. "The Scene". Retrieved January 23, 2011.
- "The Scene Dance Show". Retrieved January 24, 2011. 'Dedicated to preserving the history and memory of the television dance show.'
- Foisie, Geoffrey. "Fox and the New World order." Broadcasting and Cable, May 30, 1994, pp. 6, 8. Retrieved February 13, 2013. [permanent dead link][permanent dead link]
- Foisie, Geoffrey (June 20, 1994). "ABC pre-empts CBS in Cleveland, Detroit" (PDF). Broadcasting and Cable. Retrieved February 13, 2013.[permanent dead link]
- "CBS buys Detroit station to replace one lost to Fox". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. November 3, 1994. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- "CBS revs up for Detroit." Broadcasting and Cable, July 4, 1994, pg. 13. [permanent dead link]
- "CBS buys UHFs in Atlanta, Detroit." Broadcasting and Cable, September 26, 1994, pg. 7. [permanent dead link]
- Holly, Dan (March 1995). "The Battle to Keep Detroit's WGPR". Black Enterprise. 25 (8). The Free Library. pp. 19–23. ISSN 0006-4165.
- "CBS closes deal for Detroit TV station". UPI. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Black History Month Profile: Detroit’s WGPR-TV 62." Michigan Chronicle (February 19, 2014).
- Kiska, Tim (January 29, 2016). "Black broadcast pioneer WGPR honored in history exhibit". Detroit Free Press.
- "CBS Stations, Weigel Partner on Oldies Digi-Net Decades". Broadcasting & Cable. October 21, 2014. Retrieved September 14, 2017.
- "CBS Sets Radio Division Merger With Entercom". Variety. February 2, 2017. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- "CBS and Entercom Are Merging Their Radio Stations". Fortune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
- "Entercom-CBS Radio Merger Is Complete". RadioInk.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2017. Retrieved November 17, 2017.
- "RabbitEars.Info". www.rabbitears.info.
- "History of Michigan TV Broadcasting - Michiguide.com". www.michiguide.com.
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- House delays digital TV switch to June Archived February 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Mike Wendland • Detroit Free Press • February 4, 2009
- "CDBS Print". licensing.fcc.gov.
- WWJ-TV, CBS Detroit and the Detroit Lions Announce 2010 Lions Pre-Season Broadcast Plans Archived July 14, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Detroit Lions Official site May 13, 2010
- "WXYZ: "Detroit Lions and WXYZ partner for 2011 season", February 8, 2011". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011.
- Trigoboff, Dan. "WWJ to drop local news". broadcastingcable.com. Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- Madden Troy, Mekeisha (January 1, 2008). "WWJ-TV to begin weather reports". The Detroit News. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
- Bachman, Katy (March 30, 2009). "CBS TV's Detroit O&O Adds Local Newscast". Mediaweek. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved March 30, 2009.
- Kelly, Kris (August 19, 2010). "Michigan Matters Show Page". WWJ-TV. Archived from the original on January 27, 2010. Retrieved August 19, 2010.
- Malone, Michael (December 12, 2012). "Exclusive: WWJ Detroit Scrapping Morning News". WWJ-TV. Retrieved December 12, 2012.
- "CBS 62 To Launch Weeknight Sports News Program". CBSDetroit.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2016. Retrieved February 7, 2016.
- TV Land Detroit by Gordon Castelnero (University of Michigan Press, 2006): This book on the history of locally produced Detroit television programs of the 1950s through 1980s includes a chapter on WGPR-TV's popular local dance show, The Scene.