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WFMT is an FM radio station in Chicago, Illinois, featuring a format of fine arts, classical music programming, and shows exploring such genres as folk and jazz. The station is managed by Window To The World Communications, Inc., owner of WTTW, one of Chicago's two Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Public television stations. WFMT is also the primary station of the WFMT Radio Network, and the Beethoven and Jazz Networks. WFMT transmits from the Willis (Sears) Tower.

WFMT
Wfmt-logo.png
CityChicago, Illinois
Broadcast areaChicago market and Worldwide
Branding98.7 WFMT
SloganChicago's Classical Experience
Frequency98.7 MHz (also on HD Radio)
First air dateMay 16, 1948[1]
FormatClassical music
ERP6,000 watts
HAAT470 meters (1,540 ft)
ClassB
Facility ID10801
Former callsignsWOAK (1948-1951)
Former frequencies98.3 MHz (1948-1950)
105.9 MHz (1950-1954)
OwnerWindow To The World Communications, Inc.
Sister stationsWTTW
WebcastListen Live
iTunes
WinAmp
Windows Media Player
RealPlayer
Websitewfmt.com

A unique feature of this commercial station is that it airs no pre-recorded (by non-station hosts) advertising on-air.[2] A brief attempt at introducing pre-recorded commercial advertising, the only time in its history, proved unpopular with listeners.[2] All advertising on the station is currently read exclusively by WFMT's on-air hosts.

WFMT's programs can be heard through its satellite services, or syndication, internationally. The station's programming is also available online.

WFMT is an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union.[3]

HistoryEdit

WOAKEdit

The station began broadcasting on May 16, 1948, and originally held the call sign WOAK.[1][4] WOAK broadcast from Chicago's Hotel Guyon, and operated at 98.3 MHz with an ERP of 770 watts.[1][5][4] The station was owned by Gale Broadcasting Company.[1][4][5] By 1950, the station's frequency had been changed to 105.9 MHz, and its ERP was increased to 9,300 watts.[6] WOAK generally aired pop music.[7][8]

WFMTEdit

In 1951, the station's call sign was changed to WFMT.[9] Bernard and Rita Jacobs launched WFMT's classical music/fine arts radio format on December 13, 1951.[10][8][2] They began with 8-hour-a-day broadcasts, with Bernard serving as the station's engineer, and Rita as the station's announcer.[2] In 1952, WFMT began publishing a biweekly program guide, which later became Chicago magazine.[2] In 1953, programming was expanded to 18 hours per day.[2]

In 1954, WFMT's studios and transmitter were moved to the LaSalle-Wacker Building, increasing its HAAT to 547 feet.[2][11] The station's ERP was also increased and its frequency was changed to the present-day 98.7 MHz.[2][11] In 1956, WFMT aired a live recording of a folk concert with Pete Seeger and Big Bill Broonzy at Northwestern University.[2]

In 1957, the station received an Alfred I. DuPont Award as the country's best broadcaster in the small-station category.[2][12] WFMT also aired a discussion between Frank Lloyd Wright and Carl Sandburg, which was simulcast with WTTW, marking the first collaboration between WTTW and WFMT.[2] Another collaboration occurred the following year, as the two stations began a pioneering stereo music project in which WTTW broadcast a left audio channel, and WFMT broadcast the right audio channel simultaneously.[2]

WFMT won another Alfred I. DuPont Award in 1960, this time as the country's best broadcaster in the large-station category.[2] In 1961, the station won its first Peabody Award.[2] Its ERP was increased to 120,000 watts the same year.[2][11] In 1962, WFMT began broadcasting a majority of its programming in stereo.[13] In 1964, Hi Fi/Stereo Review readers voted WFMT the best station in Chicago in terms of audio quality.[14] The station's first series of Chicago Symphony Orchestra concerts began in 1965.[2]

In 1968, WFMT began around-the-clock broadcasting.[2] That same year, Bernard Jacobs sold WFMT to WGN Continental Broadcasting Company for $810,000, which in turn donated the station to WTTW two years later.[2][11][15]

In 1969, the station's transmitter was moved to the Prudential Building, and in 1971 its transmitter was moved to the John Hancock Center.[11]

In 1976, WFMT created the Fine Arts Network for broadcast syndication of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Lyric Opera.[2][16] In 1979, WFMT became America's first radio superstation, delivered by satellite and cable systems across the United States and dozens of countries, including the Soviet Union and China.[2]

In August 1976, the FCC granted WFMT temporary authority to simulcast on AM 1450, using the facilities of the former WVON, which had gone silent the previous year.[17] The simulcast continued until 1979, when Midway Broadcasting and Migala Enterprises were granted licenses to share time on the frequency.[18]

In 1980, WFMT became the first US radio station to join the European Broadcasting Union.[2] A live performance of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra was heard in the US, United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, Sweden and West Germany simultaneously. Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen was broadcast live for the first time as a digital transatlantic performance from Bayreuth, Germany to the US and Canada in 1983.[19]

In 1986, WFMT launched the Beethoven Satellite Network, a satellite delivered classical music programming service.[2][20]

The WFMT Fine Arts Circle, a member/listener support and funding group, was formed in 1991.[2]

In 1995, the station moved to its current location in the WTTW complex in Chicago's Northwest Side.[2] The new facility included an all-digital path from studios to transmitter. The WFMT Jazz Satellite Network debuted two years later.[2]

In 2001, the station's transmitter was moved to the Sears Tower.[2]

WFMT celebrated its 50th anniversary on December 13, 2001, which Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley declared WFMT Day.

In 2003, the station began syndication of the program "Exploring Music with Bill McGlaughlin", an educational daily program on various themes in classical music.[21] It was created by Steve Robinson and is now carried by over 50 stations in the U.S. and is heard by over 400,000 people each week. They also launched a Fine Arts Hotline for the Chicago area that same year.

WFMT has won numerous first place Major Armstrong awards for excellence and originality in radio broadcasting and special awards for engineering and technical achievement.[22][23][24][25][26][27]

People of WFMTEdit

Several noteworthy individuals have worked at WFMT in its history. Award-winning stage and film director, writer, and producer Mike Nichols, at the time a student at the University of Chicago, joined the station in 1951.[28] Nichols started the folk music program The Midnight Special in 1953.[28] The show still airs weekly on WFMT, with Rich Warren as the host.[28]

Noted author and broadcaster Studs Terkel began a radio show on WFMT in 1952, remaining on the station until 1997.[29]

Carl Grapentine, former weekday breakfast host on WFMT, has served as the voice of the University of Michigan Marching Band since 1972 and has doubled as the public-address announcer at Michigan Stadium since 2006. He retired from full-time presenting in July 2018 but still continues to contribute programming.

Two-time Peabody Award-winning audio dramatist Yuri Rasovsky, creator of the National Radio Theater of Chicago, began a decade-long association with WFMT in 1975. He is still heard periodically on The Midnight Special in his classic "Chicago Language Tape" skit.

WFMT is noted for the longevity of various staff members. Norman Pellegrini joined the station as an announcer in 1952 and became program director in 1953, holding the position until 1996.[30][31][2] Ray Nordstrand was hired as an announcer, also in 1953.[32] He later became the assistant of original owner Bernard Jacobs.[32] Nordstrand moved up to the position of president and general manager in 1970.[32] After suffering a heart attack in 1993, Nordstrand worked as a part-time consultant to the station.[32]

Another key contributor to WFMT's success was Associate Program Director Lois Baum. Arriving at the station from KPFK in California in July 1964, Baum produced and oversaw the production of countless spoken arts programs and features. She produced the Critic's Choice series, regular broadcasts of reviews and commentary by artist Harry Bouras (whose name was the inspiration for the playful Chicago art group, the "Hairy Who"), theater critic Claudia Cassidy, and journalist and author Herman Kogan. Baum selected and programmed plays and readings produced by the BBC and by the National Radio Theater of Chicago, and created The Storytellers, a program devoted to short stories. With co-producer George Drury, she created Word of Mouth, a spoken arts program that presented a mixture of rare archival recordings and new studio recordings of poets, novelists, philosophers, scientists, actors and musicians. In addition to her extensive work with spoken arts programs, from 1972 until 2009 Lois Baum co-hosted with Norman Pellegrini nationally syndicated broadcasts from the Lyric Opera of Chicago.

In August 2000, Steve Robinson was hired as general manager of WFMT.[33][34] He had worked in classical music radio since 1967, and retired in 2016.[35][33][34]

PresentersEdit

  • Dennis Moore - weekday breakfast
  • Lisa Flynn - weekday mornings
  • Kerry Frumkin - weekday afternoons; Live from WFMT
  • Candice Agree - weekday drive time; Baroque and Before
  • Maggie Clennon Reberg - weekday evenings; weekend mornings
  • Peter van de Graaff - overnight
  • Rich Warren - Folkstage; The Midnight Special
  • Robbie Ellis - Sunday afternoons
  • Dave Schwan - live concerts
  • Bill McGlaughlin - Exploring Music
  • Seth Boustead - Relevant Tones
  • Studs Terkel - The Best of Studs Terkel
  • Larry Johnson - Arias and Songs
  • Elbio Barilari - Fiesta

Technological achievementsEdit

Since going on the air in 1951, WFMT has garnered a strong reputation for technological innovation and sound quality.

In 1958, WFMT and television station WTTW collaborated on a pioneering stereo music project in which WTTW broadcast a left audio channel, and WFMT broadcast the right audio channel simultaneously.[2]

WFMT broadcast a live concert in 1969 using Dolby noise reduction, the first station to do so.[36] In 1972 it broadcast for the first time in four-channel (quadrophonic) sound, a live performance of the Chicago Lyric Opera's presentation of Rossini's Semiramide.

In 1978, WFMT participated in the first stereo relay of a live performance via satellite, from the San Francisco Opera.

In 1979, WFMT was one of the first local FM stations to re-broadcast its programming via satellite.[2] This feed was received by cable companies (who transmitted WFMT's programming to their subscribers), as well as by home TVRO users.

In 1982, WFMT moved into the digital era, being chosen by Sony and Philips to be the first station in the world to broadcast music from the compact disc format, thanks to the station's reputation for high audio standards.[37][2] The station broadcast material from Digital Audio Tape for the first time in 1987,[38][39] and was once again chosen by Sony to broadcast from a MiniDisc in 1992,[39] to demonstrate the subtle differences between an MD and a CD. WFMT also broadcasts in HD.[40][41]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "FM Outlet Histories", Broadcasting — Telecasting. A Continuing Study of Major Radio Markets: Study No. 7: Chicago. October 25, 1948. p. 21-22. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Von Rhein, John. "A strong signal", Chicago Tribune. December 16, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  3. ^ (EBU), European Broadcasting Union. "EBU - Members". www.ebu.ch. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "WOAK (FM) in Oak Park Starts on Channel 252", Broadcasting — Telecasting. June 7, 1948. p. 73. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Broadcasting—Telecasting Yearbook Number 1949, Broadcasting—Telecasting, 1949. p. 303. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  6. ^ Broadcasting—Telecasting Yearbook Number 1950, Broadcasting—Telecasting, 1950. p. 130. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  7. ^ "Rita Jacobs Willens, Radio Pioneer, 62, In the Chicago Area", Associated Press. The New York Times. June 13, 1990. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Warren, James. "Rita Jacobs Willens, 62, Founded WFMT Radio", Chicago Tribune. June 11, 1990. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  9. ^ "FCC roundup", Broadcasting — Telecasting. May 14, 1951. p. 103. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  10. ^ Feder, Robert. "WFMT celebrates 60 years as Chicago radio’s cultural oasis", Time Out Chicago. December 2, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e History Cards for WFMT, fcc.gov. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  12. ^ "Huntley, Stations Get duPont Awards", Broadcasting — Telecasting. April 1, 1957. p. 137. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  13. ^ "Stereo programming", Broadcasting. January 15, 1962. p. 48. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  14. ^ Heeb, Furman. "Editorially Speaking", Hi Fi/Stereo Review. September 1964. p. 4. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  15. ^ "FCC affirms almost $1-million gift", Broadcasting. February 16, 1970. p. 42. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  16. ^ Shen, Ted. "Battle Stations", Chicago Reader. March 11, 1999. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  17. ^ "Classics on AM in Heavy Return to Chi Territory", Billboard. September 11, 1976. p. 39. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  18. ^ "Frequent Pals: Polka /R&B", Billboard. August 4, 1979. p. 20. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  19. ^ "Digital delivery", Broadcasting. July 4, 1983. p. 68. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  20. ^ "Another from WFMT", Broadcasting. April 14, 1986. p. 168. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  21. ^ Bill McGlaughlin, WFMT. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  22. ^ "Chicago's WFMT Celebrates 30 Years of Classical Music", The New York Times. December 14, 1981. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  23. ^ "Special Report: The Many Worlds of Local Radio", Broadcasting. June 29, 1970. p. 54. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  24. ^ "Chicago FM station takes two Armstrongs", Broadcasting. April 10, 1972. p. 94. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  25. ^ "Armstrongs go to seven Americans, one Canadian", Broadcasting. April 29, 1974. p. 18. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  26. ^ "Eight Armstrong honors go to six for FM programming", Broadcasting. May 24, 1976. p. 56. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  27. ^ "Twice honored", Broadcasting. October 17, 1983. p. 36. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  28. ^ a b c Loring, Michael. "Late director Mike Nichols launched 'The Midnight Special' at Chicago’s WFMT", Chicago Sun-Times. November 20, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  29. ^ "About Studs Terkel", WFMT. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  30. ^ Clark, Hattie. "WFMT adds Lyric Opera broadcasts to its 'firsts'", The Christian Science Monitor. April 22, 1987. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  31. ^ Von Rhein, John. "Norman Pellegrini: 1929-2009", Chicago Tribune. July 3, 2009. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  32. ^ a b c d Von Rhein, John. "Ray Nordstrand", Chicago Tribune. August 28, 2005. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  33. ^ a b Isaacs, Deanna. "WFMT boss Steve Robinson signs off today", Chicago Reader. September 30, 2016. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  34. ^ a b Raskauskas, Stephen. "After 16 Years, Steve Robinson Retires As WFMT’s Executive Vice President and General Manager", WFMT. August 9, 2016. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  35. ^ "Steve Robinson's Bio", New Media Productions. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  36. ^ "Dolby Reach Half-Thousand", Tape Recorder. September 1969. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  37. ^ McCullaugh, Jim; Penchansky, Alan. "WFMT Breaks Ground With CD Broadcast", Billboard. June 19, 1982. pp. 4, 70. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  38. ^ Warren, Rich. "Controversy Continues as DAT Hits the U.S.A.", Chicago Tribune. June 12, 1987. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  39. ^ a b Stine, Randy J. "CE Carter Blows Out of Windy City", Radio World. August 18, 2010. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  40. ^ "WFMT - Nautel Broadcast". nautel.com. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  41. ^ https://hdradio.com/station_guides/widget.php?latitude=41.8839927&longitude=-87.6197056 HD Radio Guide for Chicago

External linksEdit