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WCW Saturday Night is a weekly Saturday night TV show on TBS that was produced by World Championship Wrestling (WCW). Launched in 1971 initially by Georgia Championship Wrestling, the program existed through various incarnations under different names before becoming WCW Saturday Night in 1992. Although initially the anchor show of the Ted Turner-backed wrestling company, the September 1995 premiere of WCW Monday Nitro airing on sister station Turner Network Television usurped the show's once preeminent position in the company, as the primary source of storyline development and pay-per-view buildup.

WCW Saturday Night
Wcwsaturdaynightlogo.png
The WCW Saturday Night logo as it looked like from 1994 to 1999.
Also known asGeorgia Championship Wrestling
World Championship Wrestling
GenreProfessional wrestling
Created byJim Crockett Promotions / World Championship Wrestling
StarringSee World Championship Wrestling alumni
Theme music composerRichard Harvey ("Dynamics")
Opening theme"Dynamics" (1982-1987)
Country of originUSA
Production
Production location(s)WTBS' studios at 1050 Techwood Drive
Center Stage Theater in Atlanta
Camera setupMulticamera setup
Running time60 to 120 minutes per episode
Release
Original networkTBS
Picture format480i (SDTV)
Original releaseDecember 25, 1971 (1971-12-25) –
August 19, 2000 (2000-08-19)

The show's place in the company was further devalued by the advent of WCW Thunder in 1998, airing on TBS and providing the secondary wrestling and storyline development that WCW Saturday Night had produced in the wake of Nitro's burgeoning three-hour-long format. Once the cornerstone of the WCW wrestling empire, WCW Saturday Night ended its run in 2000 as the company struggled creatively to meet the demands of producing over six hours of new broadcast material on a weekly basis. The rights to WCW Saturday Night now belong to WWE as a result of that company's 2001 purchase of selected assets of WCW (including its video library).

On April 2, 2018 some WCW Saturday Night episodes began being uploaded onto the WWE Network, with select episodes from 1992-1993 included.[1] Previous episodes from 1985 to 1989 under the JCP banner were uploaded in 2015 and 2016 and are also available under the World Championship Wrestling bucket.

Contents

HistoryEdit

WCW Saturday Night premiered on April 4, 1992 as the showcase for the company's top talent. It grew out of two previous wrestling programs on TBS - Georgia Championship Wrestling, which began on the station (then known as WTCG-TV) in January 1972 and ran under that name until August 1982, when it became World Championship Wrestling. In addition, there was also a Sunday edition of World Championship Wrestling; however, in later years, Sunday editions became infrequent. In spring 1988, TBS replaced the Sunday edition with a new Sunday wrestling show called NWA Main Event.

In all of its incarnations, WCW Saturday Night would normally air for two hours. During baseball season, however, it would typically air for one hour, to be immediately followed by Braves TBS Baseball.

Georgia Championship Wrestling (1971–1982)Edit

On December 25, 1971, Georgia Championship Wrestling aired its first show, which was considered a Christmas special, since the rest of the programming did not air until late January 1972. Beginning in 1972, the promotion switched its Atlanta television outlet from its longtime home, WQXI-TV (now WXIA-TV) to upstart UHF independent station WTCG, owned by Ted Turner. Later in the decade WTCG became a national superstation, and in 1979 it was renamed WTBS. (The station in now called WPCH-TV after being spun off from the national TBS cable channel in 2007.)

When WTCG went on satellite in 1976, making the station available to cable systems all across the United States, the renamed Georgia Championship Wrestling became the first NWA promotion to be broadcast nationally. Many of the NWA's regional promoters were unhappy, but promoter Jim Barnett claimed since he was only using Georgia-based wrestlers, that there was no harm. Whether or not Barnett was in fact taking the promotion national is a matter of dispute, some wrestlers, such as Roddy Piper, say that he was in fact doing so, but prevented by fears of crossing organized crime figures involved with the sport. Throughout the 1970s, Georgia Championship Wrestling was one of the main shows that kept the Superstation alive.[2]

The Georgia Championship Wrestling TV series, hosted by Gordon Solie, was taped before a small, live in-studio audience, as were most pro wrestling TV shows of that era. The show featured wrestling matches, plus melodramatic monologues and inter-character confrontations—similar to the programming offered by other territories, including the Northeast-based World Wrestling Federation (WWF).

World Championship Wrestling (1982–1992)Edit

In 1982, Georgia Championship Wrestling changed its main programming name to World Championship Wrestling. Ted Turner had requested the name change in hopes of giving the wrestling programming on the Superstation a less regional scope. Also, by this point, GCW had been running shows in "neutral" territories like Ohio and Michigan. Much like Georgia Championship Wrestling, World Championship Wrestling was taped in Atlanta, Georgia, at WTBS' studios at 1050 Techwood Drive until March 30, 1989, when the taping location was moved to the Center Stage Theater, in Atlanta.

Black Saturday (1984–1985)Edit

In 1984, WWF owner Vince McMahon, hoping to expand the national reach of his Stamford, Connecticut-based company, bought a majority stake in the Georgia territory, and its WTBS time slot, for $750,000. On July 14 of that year, viewers tuned into World Championship Wrestling expecting to see Gordon Solie and the stars of GCW, only to witness McMahon introducing WWF programming instead, an event now known in professional wrestling lore as Black Saturday.[3] Freddie Miller, an announcer, was the only member of the original Georgia Championship Wrestling on-air cast who did not either quit in protest or get replaced by McMahon.

McMahon had underestimated two major factors, however. The first was the difference in tastes between wrestling fans from different regions of the United States. GCW matches featured an emphasis on in-ring action with talented wrestlers in longer and more athletic matches, a style which is known as "rasslin'" (derived from the pronunciation of "wrestling" in a Southern accent). The WWF, however, was more soap opera-like in character, with cartoonish characters and storylines (an approach which has since come to be known as "sports entertainment"), and also tended to feature short squash matches in which one wrestler dominated the other. GCW's core audience thus did not receive the WWF product now shown on WTBS well.

Secondly, McMahon had promised Ted Turner that he would produce original programming for the time slot at the WTBS studios in Atlanta. Instead, WWF World Championship Wrestling was mainly used as a recap show, featuring matches which had previously aired on the WWF's main television programs such as WWF Championship Wrestling and WWF All-Star Wrestling, which were originally produced in the Northeast. Eventually, the WWF did have in-studio squash matches on the show on an infrequent basis. During this time, the show was co-hosted by Freddie Miller and Gorilla Monsoon, with Monsoon serving as the play-by-play announcer and Miller serving as the ring announcer. This did not stem the tide of negative viewer reaction to the WWF show, however. Angry viewers deluged WTBS with over a thousand complaints, demanding to know where GCW had gone.

Turner, angry both at the declining ratings and at McMahon's reneging on his promise of original programming for the WTBS time slot, made two moves to correct the problem. Firstly, he offered Ole Anderson, who had refused to sell his minority interest in GCW to McMahon and instead formed a successor promotion known as Championship Wrestling from Georgia, Inc. (CWG), a 7:00 a.m. time slot on Saturday mornings. He then gave Bill Watts, the owner of Mid-South Wrestling, a one-hour time slot on Sundays. These moves upset McMahon, who had assumed that the WWF would be the sole provider of professional wrestling content on WTBS with his purchase of GCW. Turner disagreed, citing McMahon's aforementioned breaking of his promise to provide original WWF programming for the WTBS time slot.

Under Jim Crockett Promotions (1985–1988)Edit

 
World Championship Wrestling logo, as seen from the opening sequence used from 1982 to 1987.

The decline in ratings for the WWF's Saturday evening show, and the fans clamoring for GCW, began to make the WWF's foray onto WTBS one that lost the federation money. Eventually, McMahon cut his losses and sold the former GCW time slot to Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP) for $1 million in March 1985.[4] The final WWF produced edition of World Championship Wrestling[5] aired on March 25, 1985.

JCP, based in Charlotte, North Carolina and run by Jim Crockett, Jr., was affiliated with the National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) and ran NWA-branded shows in Virginia and the Carolinas. Crockett's first order of business was to merge his promotion with CWG, thus allowing his wrestlers to compete on CWG's Saturday morning WTBS time slot and vice versa. This deal (which former Georgia Championship Wrestling promoter Jim Barnett helped broker), however, forced the elimination of the Mid-South Wrestling program, which had been the highest-rated program on WTBS, from the WTBS schedule. Bill Watts had been poised to take over the former GCW time slot from McMahon, but instead ended up selling his promotion (by now known as the Universal Wrestling Federation) to Crockett in 1987.

JCP retained the World Championship Wrestling name. Crockett filled the time slot with two hours of original programming filmed in Ted Turner's Atlanta studios. The program name would also become the promotion's name following the purchase of JCP by Ted Turner in 1988. In addition, the Championship Wrestling from Georgia program would become Championship Wrestling and use the same set as the Crockett-era World Championship Wrestling Saturday evening program.

Superstars in Supertowns (February 7, 1987)Edit

The February 7, 1987[6] edition of NWA World Championship Wrestling was a special called Superstars in Supertowns. It promoted the return of Magnum T.A. (who was forced to retire due to a near fatal car accident in October 1986[7]) and opened up with a first-person view of a car driving on the road. Tony Schiavone and David Crockett, dressed in tuxedos, hosted the show which showed different matches from cities like Philadelphia, Atlanta, Los Angeles, and St. Louis. The opening contest was Barry Windham vs. Arn Anderson from the Philadelphia Civic Center.

November 5, 1988 – World Championship WrestlingEdit

The November 5, 1988[8] edition of NWA World Championship Wrestling began with "Nature Boy" Ric Flair cutting a promo and pointing out a large group of Turner executives in the crowd. This was a subtle nod to Ted Turner purchasing Jim Crockett Promotions. This program launched the WCW brand under the banner of the National Wrestling Alliance, initially designed as a mutually beneficial arrangement, but ultimately one that proved divisive. On this first program, the infamous Jim CornettePaul E. Dangerously feud took center stage as their dueling versions of the well-known tag team Midnight Express commenced an intense feud that would last until the following February.[9]

WCW Saturday Night (1992–2000)Edit

World Championship Wrestling would be renamed WCW Saturday Night on April 4, 1992.[10] This reflected an overhauled look and a new home studio-arena at the Center Stage Theater in Atlanta with some footage from matches in Columbus, Georgia. The show was presented in a "neon" style, with a blue and pink color scheme. Neon signs displayed the show's logo, and the wrestlers entered through a silver mylar curtain. The show was given a new look again in March 1994,[11] with a futuristic design with a unique entry way of slide-open doors and billowing smoke as the performers made their way to the ring.

When the show originally premiered, it was hosted by Jim Ross[12] and Jesse Ventura.[13] Bruno Sammartino also appeared sporadically as a guest color commentator during certain weeks in 1992. Tony Schiavone took over the hosting duties following Ross' departure for the WWF in 1993 and remained until 1998.[14] Bobby Heenan would replace Ventura after joining WCW in the beginning of 1994.[15] Dusty Rhodes, who affectionately referred to Saturday Night as "The Mothership", replaced him in 1995 and continued until January 1998. Rhodes and Schiavone were removed from the broadcast so Schiavone could focus on his other broadcasting duties and Rhodes could take a managerial role after having turned heel, joining the New World Order. They were replaced by Scott Hudson and Mike Tenay, who was later replaced with Larry Zbyszko. Gene Okerlund often handled interviews after he joined WCW in 1993, as did Tenay, Schiavone, and Lee Marshall.

In the summer of 1996, WCW Saturday Night was taped at WCW Pro's Disney–MGM Studios set in Orlando, Florida due to all of Turner's mobile production units being used by other broadcasters for the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

Live episodesEdit

Episodes of WCW Saturday Night were usually filmed well in advance, with the exception of three live editions.

The first one aired on July 9, 1994. Sting wrestled Ric Flair as voted on by fans. Hulk Hogan made his first in-studio appearance, and he and Sting were attacked by Sherri Martel.

The second aired from downtown Charlotte, North Carolina, on May 27, 1995.[16] It started raining halfway through the outdoor show, causing the ring mat to become slippery at times.

The third live airing, again outdoors, took place on August 10, 1996,[17] from the Sturgis Motorcycle Rally in Sturgis, South Dakota. The show took place right before the Hog Wild pay-per-view event, which was held on a Saturday night instead of the usual Sunday night slot for WCW pay-per-views. Hence, WCW Saturday Night was used as a lead-in to the pay-per-view show, much like WCW Main Event was used as a lead-in for Sunday pay-per-views until 1996.

Decline and end (1998–2000)Edit

As previously mentioned, when WCW introduced the live programs Monday Nitro and Thunder, Saturday Night became WCW's third-tier program. The majority of airtime would be used to display up-and-comers and recent graduates of the WCW Power Plant (with the occasional squash match) as well recapping the major events of the other shows. The main event would often feature mid-card performers such as the current Cruiserweight Champion, World Television Champion, or U.S. Heavyweight Champion in a non-title match. Hudson, Tenay, and Marshall manned commentating and locker room interviewing duties throughout this period. Backstage, "Mean Gene" Okerlund would regularly promote his WCW Hotline for "just a buck sixty-nine a minute," which provided fans with insider information on recent events in the company.[18]

On April 1, 2000, WCW Saturday Night aired its final episode under its usual format; one week later, it became a recap show and no longer featured exclusive matches. From July 1, 2000, the show was re-titled WCW Saturday Morning, and moved from its established evening timeslot to a late morning timeslot; however, the show was canceled one month later as a result of low viewership. The last episode aired on August 19, 2000.

Title changesEdit

Throughout the years, WCW Saturday Night has had numerous title changes.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "WWE Network Officially Adds 38 Episodes of WCW Saturday Night; Comes To Over 50 Hours as Advertised". 2 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  2. ^ Foley, Mick. Have A Nice Day: A Tale of Blood and Sweatsocks (p.226)
  3. ^ John F. Molinaro. "End of an era on TBS Solie, Georgia and 'Black Saturday'". Retrieved 2007-04-10.
  4. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight85.htm
  5. ^ The End of WWF Georgia Championship Wrestling [TBS 1985-03-25] on YouTube
  6. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight87.htm
  7. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight86.htm
  8. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight88.htm
  9. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight89.htm
  10. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight92.htm
  11. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight94.htm
  12. ^ Role: Announcer - Himself (1991 - 1993)
  13. ^ Role: Announcer - Himself (1992 - 1994)
  14. ^ Role: Announcer - Tony Schiavone (1991 - 1995)
  15. ^ Role: Announcer - Himself (1994 - 1995)
  16. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight95.htm
  17. ^ http://www.thehistoryofwwe.com/wcwsaturdaynight96.htm
  18. ^ Zimmerman, Christopher Robin 1998 IN QUOTES SlashWrestling.com. Retrieved on 3-12-11.

External linksEdit