Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel (March 11, 1890 – May 11, 1969) was an American Democratic Party politician from Texas, who came to prominence by hosting a popular radio program. Known for his populist appeal and support of Texas's business community, O'Daniel served as the 34th governor of Texas (1939–1941) and later its junior United States senator (1941–1949). O'Daniel chose not to run for reelection to the Senate in 1948 and was succeeded by future U.S. president Lyndon B. Johnson.

W. Lee O'Daniel
O'Daniel c. 1938
United States Senator
from Texas
In office
August 4, 1941 – January 3, 1949
Preceded byAndrew Jackson Houston
Succeeded byLyndon B. Johnson
34th Governor of Texas
In office
January 17, 1939 – August 4, 1941
LieutenantCoke R. Stevenson
Preceded byJames V. Allred
Succeeded byCoke R. Stevenson
Personal details
Wilbert Lee O'Daniel

(1890-03-11)March 11, 1890
Malta, Ohio, U.S.
DiedMay 11, 1969(1969-05-11) (aged 79)
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Resting placeSparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery, Dallas, Texas
Political partyDemocratic
SpouseMerle Estella Butcher
ProfessionMusician; politician

O'Daniel was also a songwriter who composed "Beautiful Texas".[1]

Early life edit

O'Daniel was born in Malta, Ohio. His father was killed in an accident while O'Daniel was a boy, and his mother remarried. The family moved to a cattle ranch near Arlington, Kansas. O'Daniel attended local schools and graduated from the two-year program at Salt City Business College in Hutchinson, Kansas. In 1909 he relocated to Anthony, Kansas to become a stenographer and bookkeeper for a flour milling company. After time with companies in Kansas City, Missouri and New Orleans, in 1925 he began to work for the Burrus Mill flour company in Fort Worth.

Radio fame edit

In the late 1920s, O'Daniel assumed responsibility for the Burrus company's radio advertising. To that end, he wrote songs, sang, and hired a group of musicians to form an old timey band to back his vocals. Originally called the Light Crust Doughboys, notable musicians such as Bob Wills got their start with O'Daniel. After the Doughboys split up, O'Daniel formed the Western swing band Pat O'Daniel and his Hillbilly Boys. The new group was named after O'Daniel's own Hillbilly Flour Company. O'Daniel also hosted a regular noontime radio show heard statewide, which gave him his nickname after a catchphrase used frequently on air – "pass the biscuits, Pappy" – and propelled him into the public spotlight. By the mid-1930s, "Pappy" O'Daniel was a household name in Texas. As a national magazine reporter wrote at the time: "At twelve-thirty sharp each day, a fifteen-minute silence reigned in the state of Texas, broken only by mountain music, and the dulcet voice of W. Lee O'Daniel." The show extolled the values of Hillbilly brand flour, the Ten Commandments and the Bible.[2][3][4][5]

Political career edit

Governor edit

In 1938, he ran for governor of Texas as a Democrat. O'Daniel's campaign hailed his flour and the need for pensions and tax cuts. He promised to block a sales tax and raise pensions. O'Daniel won the Democratic primary election with 51 percent of the ballots over twelve opponents. In office, he seemingly went against his campaign promise by proposing a new transaction tax, which was voted down by the Texas Legislature. Despite this position change, he remained personally popular and handily won re-election in 1940. In both elections, his main competition came from Texas Railroad Commissioner Ernest O. Thompson, the former mayor of Amarillo.

U.S. Senate edit

In 1941, O'Daniel ran for the United States Senate in a special election. He defeated Lyndon Johnson by 1,311 votes in one of the most controversial elections in state history.[6] As a result of this experience, in the 1948 election, Johnson prepared for a close runoff by arranging for his supporters who controlled votes, including George Parr, to withhold their final tallies until the statewide results were announced.[7] As a senator, O'Daniel was ineffective, and most of his legislation was defeated.[8] He endorsed the anti-Roosevelt Texas Regulars in the 1944 presidential election. Elected to a full term in 1942, O'Daniel refused to run for another term in 1948.

Later career edit

After leaving the Senate, O'Daniel bought a ranch near Fort Worth. He invested in real estate in Dallas and was also active in the insurance business.

O'Daniel ran for governor in 1956 and 1958 and claimed that the Brown v. Board of Education decision was part of a Communist conspiracy. He finished third in the Democratic primaries both times.

Death and burial edit

O'Daniel died in Dallas on May 11, 1969. He was buried at Sparkman-Hillcrest Memorial Park Cemetery in Dallas.

In popular culture edit

The 2000 Coen Brothers film O Brother, Where Art Thou? featured a character played by Charles Durning and named Governor Pappy O'Daniel, loosely based on the real O'Daniel, though set in Mississippi.[9][10]

References edit

  1. ^ "Beautiful Texas by Pappy O'Daniel". Tsl.state.tx.us. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  2. ^ Green, George N. (June 15, 2010). "O'Daniel Wilbert Lee [Pappy]". Tshaonline.org. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  3. ^ Malone, Bill C. (2002). "The Cowboy Image and the Growth of Western Music". Country Music, U.S.A.: Second Revised Edition. University of Texas Press. p. 151. ISBN 978-0-292-75262-7.
  4. ^ Crawford, Bill (2004). Please Pass the Biscuits, Pappy: Pictures of Governor W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel. John Anderson. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-70575-3.
  5. ^ Woods, Randall Bennett (2007). "Pappy". LBJ: Architect of American Ambition. Harvard University Press. p. 148. ISBN 978-0-674-02699-5.
  6. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1982). The years of Lyndon Johnson. the Path to Power. Penguin Random House.
  7. ^ Mellen, Joan (2016). Faustian Bargains: Lyndon Johnson and Mac Wallace in the Robber Baron Culture of Texas. London, England: Bloomsbury USA. pp. 74–77. ISBN 978-1-6204-0807-0 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Green, George N. "Governors of Texas: 20. W. Lee O'Daniel". The Texas Politics Project. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
  9. ^ Sorin, Hillary (August 4, 2010), "Today in Texas History: Gov. Pappy O'Daniel resigns", The Houston Chronicle, retrieved August 2, 2011, Many cultural and political historians think the character Gov. Menelaus "Pappy" O'Daniel of Mississippi is based on the notorious Texas politician, Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel.
  10. ^ Flensted-Jensen, Pernille (2002), "Something old, something new, something borrowed: the Odyssey and O Brother, Where Art Thou", Classica Et Mediaevalia: Revue Danoise De Philologie, 53: 13–30, ISBN 978-8772898537. Flensted-Jensen elaborates on the connection between the fictional and the real Pappy O'Daniel on pp. 27–28.

External links edit

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for Governor of Texas
1938, 1940
Succeeded by
Preceded by Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Texas
(Class 2)

1941, 1942
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Texas
January 17, 1939 – August 4, 1941
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Texas
Succeeded by