Władysław Tarnowski

Count Władysław Tarnowski (June 4, 1836, Wróblewice, administrative district of Drohobycz, in modern day Ukraine – April 19, 1878, near San Francisco while on a steamer from Japan; also known by the literary pseudonym Ernest Buława (Ernest Mace)) was a pianist, composer, poet, dramatist, and translator.

Władysław Tarnowski in an Arab headdress, (engraved by Aleksander Tadeusz Regulski after a portrait by Franciszek Tegazzo, 1870s).
Władysław Tarnowski, rycina Jan Styfi, 1877
Władysław Tarnowski by Maurycy Gottlieb, 1877.

BiographyEdit

He was the son of Count Walerian Spycimir Tarnowski and Ernestyna Tarnowska. Recognized as talented at an early age, he was introduced to famed composer Frédéric Chopin. He studied in Lvov and Cracow, with Daniel-François-Esprit Auber at the Conservatoire de Paris, with a break during the time of the January Uprising of 1863-1864, during which he wrote the song "Jak to na wojence ładnie" ["Isn't the war fun"] which remains popular to the modern day, in various alterations. He traveled widely, giving concerts in Wroclaw in 1860 and 1875, Lvov in 1875, Vienna, Venice and Firence in 1872, and Paris in 1873.

CompositionsEdit

IntimateEdit

  • String quartet in D major[1]
  • Fantasia quasi una sonata (on violins and piano)
  • Souvenir d'un ange (Vienna about 1876, publ. V. Kratochwill)

PianoEdit

  • 3 Mazurkas (3 Mazurkas, Vienna about 1870, publ. Bösendorfer),[2] I Mazurka, II Mazurka, III Mazurka
  • 2 pieces : Chart sans paroles, Valse - poeme (both Leipzig c. 1870, publ. Ch. F Kahut)
  • Deux Morceaux : Fantazie-Impromptu, Valse-poeme
  • Impromptu "L'adieu de l'artiste" (Vienna c. 1870, publ. J. Gutmann)
  • Symfonia d’un drammo d’amore (1871) [3]
  • Sonate pour piano composée et dediée a son ami Br. Zawadzki (Vienna c. 1875, publ. V. Kratochwill)
  • Grande polonaise quasi rhapsodies symphonique (Vienna c. 1875, publ. J. Gutmann)
  • Extases au Bosphor, fantasie rhapsodies sur les melodies orientales op. 10 (Leipzig c. 1875, publ. Forberg)
  • Nocturne dédié à sa soeur Marie (Viena, n.d.)
  • Deux Nocturnes : „Nuit sombre”, „Nuit claire”[4]
  • Ave Maria, dedicated to J. I. Kraszewski (in: Album Muzeum Narodowego w Rapperswyllu, 1876, pp.), (with Variations for choir and organ, and for string quartet) [5]
    Ave Maria
  • Pensée funebre (before 1878) [6]
  • Andantino pensieroso ("Echo Muzyczne", Warszaw, issue 6, 17 XII 1878.)[7]
Andantino pensieroso

SongsEdit

Solo:

  • Uhlans march, called also Soldiers song, March soldier's Langiewicza with initial words: "A kto chce rozkoszy użyć”And who wants pleasure to use, and today more well-known with words "Jak to na wojence ładnie” <How this on war nicely> (first publications: „Kieszonkowy słowniczek polski z melodiami” Poznan 1889, publ. J. Leitgebera and " War song” Lwow 1908, publ. B. Połoniecki, suitably).

With piano accompaniment:

  • Cypryssen 5 characterische Gesänge (Vienna 1870, publ. Bösendorfera), fifth of the songs: Herangedämmert kam der Abend, Die Perle, Die Schwalben, Im Traum sah ich das Lieben, Ich sank verweint in sanften Schlummer
Ich sank verweint in sanften schlummer - piano instead of the voice
Neig o schone Knospe - piano instead of the voice
  • Zwei Gesänge mit Begleitung des Pianoforte – Du buch mit Siegen Siegeln, Ob Du Nun ruhst, songs to poem Ludwig Foglar (Vienna c. 1870, publ. V. Kratochwill)
Du buch mit sieben siegeln - piano instead of the voice
Ob du nun ruhst - piano instead of the voice
  • Zwei Gesänge: Klänge Und Schmerzen, Nächtliche Regung (Leipzig, c. 1870, publ. Ch. E. Kahnt)
  • Au soleil couchant (1873) song to the poem by Victor Hugo [8]
  • Still klingt das Glöcklein durch Felder (Vienna c. ~1875, publ. J. Gutmann)
Still klingt das Glocklein durch Felder - accompaniment
  • Kennst du die Rosen., to own poem, (published J. Gutmann in Vienna.)
Kennst du die Rosen - piano instead of the voice
  • Mein Kahn - song to poem by Johann von Paümann ps. Hans Max (Wiedeń, wyd. Buchholz & Diedel)
  • Alpuhara (1877) song to the poem by Adam Mickiewicz [9][10]

StageEdit

  • Achmed the oder the Pilger the Liebe (Achmed, pielgrzym milości>, to own libretto, based on the tale Washington Irving Legend of Prince Ahmed al Kamel, or, The Pilgrim of Love. from Tales of the Alhambra. The piano extract, Leipzig, c. 1875, publ. R. Forberg.)
  • Karlinscy (music to own theatrical art, Vienna 1874, publ. V. Kratochwill)
  • Joanna Grey (music to own theatrical art, Vienna 1875, publ. V. Kratochwill)
Alastor's romance from: Joanna Grey - piano instead of the string trio

The patron of the art, poems, the articles, reviews of literary works(ex. in „Ruch literacki” and „Tygodnik ilustrowany”).

Literary worksEdit

PoetryEdit

  • Krople czary (The Drops of goblet) 1865
  • Szkice helweckie i Talia (Helvetian drafts and Waist) 1868 (Leipzig, publ. P. Rhode)
  • Piołuny (Absinthes) 1869
  • Kochankowie ojczyzny (The Lovers of motherland) 1872

DramasEdit

  • Karlińscy 1874 [11]
  • Joanna Grey (Jane Grey) 1875[12]
  • The Achmed the oder the Pilger the Liebe - libretto in German.

PublicistEdit

  • Articles and reviews in „Ruch literacki” and „Tygodnik ilustrowany”.

DocumentaryEdit

  • Archiwum Wróblewieckie (Lvov 1883, publ. Gubrynowicz and Schmidt; Poznan - Dresden 1869, publ. J. I. Kraszewski)

TranslationsEdit

  • The Osjan Song,
  • Hamlet W. Shakespeare'a
  • Works P.B. Shelley
  • Works H. Haine
  • P. Cornelius: Grundzüge der Geschichte der Musik, well-known with translated title: Zarys historii muzyki ("Outline of history of music")>(Leipzig 1869).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "String quartet in D major" - scans in IMSLP / Petrucci Music Library
  2. ^ The score of the 3 Mazurkas in the collection of Bibliothek der Gesellschaft der Musikfreund in Vienna, sygn. GM VII 39428.
  3. ^ „Biblioteka warszawska : pismo poświęcone naukom, sztukom i przemysłowi”, Vol. 2, 1871, p. 499.
  4. ^ Adolf Hofmeister,”Handbuch der musikalischen Litteratur”, ed. Adolf i Friedrich Hofmeister, Vol. for y. 1860-67, p. 260.
  5. ^ Agaton Giller Podróż artystyczna Władysława Tarnowskiego w Saksonji in: Ruch Literacki, issue 17, 21 IV 1877, p. 270.
  6. ^ „Ruch Literacki”, issue 21, 25 V 1878, p 334.
  7. ^ Andantino pensieroso in: CBN - Polona.
  8. ^ Biblioteka warszawska : pismo poświęcone naukom, sztukom i przemysłowi, Vol. 2, 1873, p. 352.
  9. ^ Kłosy, issue 623, 26 V (7 VI) 1877, p. 268-269.
  10. ^ Agaton Giller Podróż artystyczna Władysława Tarnowskiego w Saksonji in: Ruch Literacki, issue 17, 21 IV 1877, p. 270.
  11. ^ Joanna Grey
  12. ^ Karlinscy
  • Encyklopedia muzyczna, publ. PWM 2009
  • Encyklopedia muzyki, publ. PWN 2001
  • Encyklopedia literatury, publ. PWN 2007
  • Sir George Grove, (edited by Stanley Sadie) The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, II edition, Vol. 25 (Taiwan to Twelve Apostles), 2001, str. 103-104.
  • Franz Stieger peralexikon, Part II – Komponisten, Vol. 3 (N-Z), Verlegt Bei Hans Schneider, Tutzing, 1978, p. 1097.
  • Franz Stieger Operalexikon, Part III – Libréttisten, Vol. 3 (Q-Z), Verlegt Bei Hans Schneider, Tutzing, 1981, p. 936.
  • Pieśni niemieckie Władysława Tarnowskiego, M.T., OSDW AZYMUT Sp. z o. o., Warsaw-Lodz, 2017.
  • Ewa Róża Janion Legends of Suli in Poland: some remarks on Władysław Tarnowski, pp. 46-49 in PhD thesis: Ewa Róża Janion Imaging Suli : Interactions between Philhellenic Ideas and Greek Identity Discourse, Peter Lang Publishing, Frankfurt, 2015.
  • „Utwory instrumentalne Władysława Tarnowskiego”, M.T., OSDW AZYMUT Sp. z o.o., Warsaw-Lodz, 2018.
  • Władysław Tarnowski „Artysta i cierpienie”, Vol. I, M.T., OSDW AZYMUT Sp. z o.o., Warsaw-Lodz, 2020.

External linksEdit