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Wädenswil–Vorder Au is one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, of which are 56 located in Switzerland.[1][2]

Vorder Au
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Au Halbinsel - Wädenswil - Zürichsee - Feusisberg - Etzel 2010-10-21 15-52-22.JPG
The site of the prehistoric settlement at the Au peninsula respective the locality Au, Switzerland
LocationAu peninsula, Au, Wädenswil, Horgen District, Canton of Zürich, Switzerland
Part ofPrehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps
CriteriaCultural: (iv), (v)
Reference1363-053
Inscription2011 (35th Session)
Area1.49 ha (3.7 acres)
Buffer zone22.5 ha (56 acres)
Websitewww.palafittes.org/en/index.html
Coordinates47°14′48.89″N 8°39′11.65″E / 47.2469139°N 8.6532361°E / 47.2469139; 8.6532361Coordinates: 47°14′48.89″N 8°39′11.65″E / 47.2469139°N 8.6532361°E / 47.2469139; 8.6532361
Wädenswil–Vorder Au is located in Canton of Zürich
Wädenswil–Vorder Au
Location of Wädenswil–Vorder Au in Canton of Zürich
Wädenswil–Vorder Au is located in Switzerland
Wädenswil–Vorder Au
Wädenswil–Vorder Au (Switzerland)

Contents

GeographyEdit

The site is located at the Au peninsula respectively partially on the area of Schloss Au on Zürichsee lakeshore in Au, a locality of the municipality of Wädenswil in the Canton of Zürich in Switzerland. Because the lake has grown in size over time, the original piles are now around 4 metres (13 ft) to 7 metres (23 ft) under the water level of 406 metres (1,332 ft). The settlement comprises 1.49 hectares (3.68 acres), and the buffer zone including the lake area comprises 22.5 hectares (55.60 acres) in all.

DescriptionEdit

Located on the Au peninsula, the site has yielded special pottery from the transitional period between the Pfyn and Horgen cultures. The Corded Ware settlement phase contained a bell beaker, which allowed to draw conclusions on the links between the Corded Ware and Bell Beaker cultures. Since it has yielded a special type of pottery, the Early Bronze Age settlement phase is also important, and helps trace the distribution of Arbon style pottery in the region during the 17th century BC.[3]

ProtectionEdit

As well as being part of the 56 Swiss sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, the settlement is also listed in the Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance as a Class A object of national importance.[4] Hence, the area is provided as a historical site under federal protection, within the meaning of the Swiss Federal Act on the nature and cultural heritage (German: Bundesgesetz über den Natur- und Heimatschutz NHG) of 1 July 1966. Unauthorised researching and purposeful gathering of findings represent a criminal offense according to Art. 24.[5]

See alsoEdit

LiteratureEdit

  • Peter J. Suter, Helmut Schlichtherle et al.: Pfahlbauten – Palafittes – Palafitte. Palafittes, Biel 2009. ISBN 978-3-906140-84-1.
  • Beat Eberschweiler: Ur- und frühgeschichtliche Verkehrswege über den Zürichsee: Erste Ergebnisse aus den Taucharchäologischen Untersuchungen beim Seedamm. In: Mitteilungen des Historischen Vereins des Kantons Schwyz, Volume 96, Schwyz 2004.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Prehistoric Pile Dwellings in Switzerland". Swiss Coordination Group UNESCO Palafittes (palafittes.org). Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  2. ^ "World Heritage". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  3. ^ "Sites Switzerland: Wädenswil–Vorder Au (CH-ZH-07)". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
  4. ^ "A-Objekte KGS-Inventar" (PDF). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 2015-01-01. Retrieved 2015-09-13.
  5. ^ "Bundesgesetz über den Natur- und Heimatschutz (NHG)" (PDF) (in German). Hochbaudepartement Stadt Zürich. 2014-10-12. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
  6. ^ Beat Eberschweiler (2004). "Ur- und frühgeschichtliche Verkehrswege über den Zürichsee: Erste Ergebnisse aus den Taucharchäologischen Untersuchungen beim Seedamm" (in German). ETH Bibliothek. Retrieved 2014-12-08.

External linksEdit