Vuča Žikić

Vuča Žikić (Serbian Cyrillic: Вуча Жикић[A], mid-18th century – 14 April 1808), known as Captain Žika,[1] was an important figure in the First Serbian Uprising. He was the founder, builder and commander of Deligrad fortification.

LifeEdit

As a young man Žikić left his native Mavrovo and came to Belgrade where he worked as an innkeeper and a sheep herdsman. Already in 1787, he was conspiring with Austrian spies to open the gates of the Water Gate of Belgrade Fortress to Austrian soldiers.[2] In the Austrian-Ottoman war of 1788-1791 he joined the Serbian Free Corps unit of Mihaljević and distinguished himself earning the rank of captain. After the war he escaped to Srem and lived in the village of Boljevci. He later took part in the Austrian-French war.

Despite the fact that he built his career in Austrian service, after the start of the First Serbian Uprising in 1804, Žikić immediately returned to Serbia.[3]He is credited for establishing the Deligrad fortification (together with Petar Dobrnjac, his commander), in 1806.[4] As an experienced officer with some talent for building, Žikić turned Deligrad into the strongest defensive point in the Morava valley. Žikić is also supposed to have given it the name. He commanded the troops stationed in the fortification, mostly from Niš and Leskovac until his death[1][5]

On Easter Friday in 1808 the Turks launched a sneak attack on Deligrad. The attack was repulsed but Žikić was mortally wounded. He was taken to the nearby Monastery of St. Roman where he died on Easter Day. That is also where he was buried.[1]

His position in Deligrad was taken by his nephew Kuzman, son of his brother Anko.

FamilyEdit

Žikić married twice. From his first marriage he had three sons – Ilija, Anko and Miloš. From the second one he had sons Vučo and Damijan.[2]

AnnotationsEdit

  1. ^
    His name has been variously spelled[6] as Velčo, Vlčo, Vuča, Vuče, while his last name appears as Žikić, Džikić, Džigić, Djikić, Džika, and Žika.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Milićević 1888, p. 641
  2. ^ a b Atlagić 2004
  3. ^ Споменици културе у Србији Archived June 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Приступљено 28. 3. 2013.
  4. ^ С. Новаковић, Васкрс државе српске, Београд 1904, p. 47
  5. ^ С. Новаковић, Васкрс државе српске, стр. 64
  6. ^ Brastvo. Vol. 12–13. Društvo sv. Save. 1908. У првом би случају оно било Вељко а у другом Вуча. „Без извођења даљих комбинација, које често могу да заведу на странпутицу, ми застајемо овде код овог резултата: основалац се Делиграда звао Вељко (Вуча) Џикић (Жикић). Овде имам да напоменем, да Баталака није пазио само на правопис, али је ипак правилно најприближније, истину записао; његово Велчо и Влчo једна је иста реч. Није Велчо исто што и Вељко, јер таково властито име постоји у народу Велко, a Баталакино Велчо је Влче, које може да буде Вуче и Вуча, кад у томе крају л почне да прелази у у, као што су већ почели знаци у народном ...
  7. ^ S. Pandilović, Vuče Žikić osnivalac Deligrada u 1806. g, Bratstvo 12-13, pp. 439-64

SourcesEdit