Gvozd (Serbian Cyrillic: Гвозд)[1] is a municipality in central Croatia, Sisak-Moslavina County.[2] Its seat is located in Vrginmost (Вргинмост), which was renamed to Gvozd from 1996–2012.[3] It is an underdeveloped municipality which is statistically classified as the First Category Area of Special State Concern by the Government of Croatia.[4]

Gvozd

Гвозд (Serbian)[1]
Općina Gvozd
Општина Гвозд
Municipality of Gvozd
Monument to the Uprising of the People of Kordun and Banija
Coat of arms of Gvozd
Coat of arms
Vrginmost is located in Croatia
Vrginmost
Vrginmost
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°21′09″N 15°51′54″E / 45.35250°N 15.86500°E / 45.35250; 15.86500
Country Croatia
RegionContinental Croatia
CountyFlag of Sisak-Moslavina County.png Sisak-Moslavina
Government
 • Municipal mayorMilan Vrga (SDSS)
Area
 • Total212.4 km2 (82.0 sq mi)
Elevation
131 m (430 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total2,970
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
(+385) 44
Area code(s)(+385)044

Languages and namesEdit

Croatian is the official first language. Serbian language with its Cyrillic alphabet is the officially recognised second language. In Cyrillic, Vrginmost is known as Вргинмост and (between 1996 and 2012) Gvozd as Гвозд.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

In 1097, the last native Croatian King Petar Svačić was killed here during the Battle of Gvozd Mountain, which led to the mountain being renamed Petrova Gora (Petar's Mountain). It was ruled by Ottoman Empire between 1536 and 1691 as part of Bosnia Eyalet.

In the summer of 1941, the villages of then District of Vrginmost suffered heavy loss of civilian life with several hundred ethnic Serb men and boys perishing in the Glina massacre on 3 August 1941. Majority of the victims of the August massacre in Glina were from the villages of Blatuša, Podgorje, Crevarska Strana, Slavsko Polje, Brnjavac, Pješčanica, Gornja Čemernica, Donja Čemernica, Bukovica and Batinova Kosa.[5]

The Ostrožin Rulebook (Croatian: Ostrožinski pravilnik) was adopted on 14 December 1941 in the village of Ostrožin.[6] Predating the Foča Regulations by more than a month, the Ostrožin Rulebook was the first legal act which regulated the new national authority in the liberated territories during the National Liberation War of Yugoslavia.

In 1942, Andrija Artuković ordered the killing of the entire population of Vrginmost and its surrounding villages in 1942, according to the charges laid against him in his deportation hearings in the United States.[7]

The town was officially known as Gvozd between 1996[8] and 23 October 2012.[why?] In 2012, its original name of Vrginmost was restored amid political controversy.[clarification needed][9][10][11]

During the Croatian War of Independence, Vrginmost was a part of the unrecognized breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina. It was retaken by the Croatian army during Operation Storm.[citation needed]

DemographicsEdit

SettlementsEdit

The municipality consists of 19 settlements:[2]

Population of Gvozd municipality by ethnicity[2][12]

Year of census total Serbs Croats Yugoslavs others
2011 2 970 1 976 (66.53%) 951 (32.02%) - 43 (1.45%)
2001 3 779 2 193 (58.03%) 1 500 (39.69%) - 86 (2.28%)
1991 16 599 11 729 (70.66%) 4 043 (24.36%) 278 (1.68%) 549 (3.31%)
1981 18 841 13 450 (71.39%) 4 130 (21.92%) 871 (4.62%) 390 (2.07%)
1971 21 536 16 337 (75.86%) 4 866 (22.60%) 184 (0.85%) 149 (0.69%)
NOTE: Historically, the municipality was known as Vrginmost until 1996, when both the municipality and the settlement were renamed to Gvozd. The old municipality of Vrginmost was divided into three new municipalities: Topusko, Lasinja and Gvozd.

Population of Vrginmost settlement by ethnicity[2][13]

Year of census total Serbs Croats Yugoslavs others
2011 1 095 322 (29.41%) 755 (68.95%) - 18 (1.64%)
2001 1 303 n/a n/a - n/a
1991 1 570 1 403 (89.36%) 47 (2.99%) 42 (2.68%) 78 (4.97%)
1981 1 403 1 185 (84.46%) 44 (3.14%) 125 (8.91%) 49 (3.49%)
1971 1 068 929 (86.99%) 65 (6.09%) 34 (3.18%) 40 (3.74%)
NOTE: The settlement is historically known as Vrginmost. During the 1996-2012 period, the settlement was known as Gvozd

Historical population of Vrginmost settlement 1857-2011 [2][14]

 


HistoryEdit

The municipality had big population changes in various censuses, possibly because of war and because of frequent border changes of municipalities in Croatia:

  • In the 2001 census there were 3,779 people in the municipality, 58% of whom were ethnic Serbs and 40% Croats.[15] 3,575 declared their mother tongue as Croatian, 155 as Serbian, and 49 as other languages.[15]

Sights and eventsEdit

Notable natives and residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Gvozd". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  3. ^ "Brisanje imena gradova: Gvozd ili Vrginmost". slobodnaevropa.org (in Croatian). 15 August 2011.
  4. ^ Lovrinčević, Željko; Davor, Mikulić; Budak, Jelena (June 2004). "AREAS OF SPECIAL STATE CONCERN IN CROATIA- REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT DIFFERENCES AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND EDUCATIONAL CHARACTERISTICS". Ekonomski pregled, Vol.55 No.5-6. Archived from the original on 18 August 2018. Retrieved 25 August 2018.
  5. ^ Dušan Baić "Kotar Vrginmost u NO borbi 1941-1945."/"District of Vrginmost during National Liberation War 1941-1945", pages 55-60, 1980
  6. ^ Branko Žutić, “Razvitak narodne vlasti u kotaru Vrginmost 1941-1943”, Historijski zbornik, pg 81, Naklada Školska knjiga, Zagreb, 1955.
  7. ^ ROHRLICH, TED (19 January 1988). "Artukovic, Extradited as Nazi War Criminal, Dies" – via LA Times.
  8. ^ "Croatian mayor sees U.S. holiday first-hand Visitor from war-torn nation enjoys feast and festivities", Daily Herald, 29 November 2002.
  9. ^ "Promijenili ime Gvozda u - Vrginmost" (in Croatian). Nova TV (Croatia). Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Pokrajine". Novossti.com. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Gvozd će se opet zvati Vrginmost". Dnevnik.hr. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  12. ^ Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku RH: Narodnosni sastav stanovništva RH od 1880-1991. godine.
  13. ^ Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku RH: Narodnosni sastav stanovništva RH od 1880-1991. godine.
  14. ^ Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857-2001, www.dzs.hr
  15. ^ a b "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  16. ^ "Reljef s partizanima spašen iz smeća". portalnovosti.com (in Serbian). 31 October 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  17. ^ Dušan Baić "Kotar Vrginmost u NO borbi 1941-1945."/"District of Vrginmost during National Liberation War 1941-1945", pages 44-45, 1980
  18. ^ "75 godina Osme kordunaške/ "75 years of the 8th Kordun (partisan) Division"". portalnovosti.com (in Croatian). 27 September 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Đedova kosidba 2014". Online Televizija Glina (in Croatian). 16 August 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Đedova kosidba 2017". Radio Banovina (in Croatian). 16 July 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  21. ^ "Održana deveta Đedova kosidba u Vrginmostu 2018". Banija Online (in Serbian). 1 July 2018. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Barbir-Mladinović, Ankica". hrt.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 14 February 2018.
  23. ^ "ITD band - "Sonja"". ITD Band (in Croatian). 2006. Retrieved 11 March 2018.
  24. ^ "ITD band - "Skidam te pogledom"". ITD Band (in Croatian). 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  25. ^ "ITD band - "Lagano umirem"". ITD Band,tvtrogir.hr (in Croatian). 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  26. ^ "ITD band - "Gradske cure"". ITD Band (in Croatian). 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Interview with Ljubomir Raković, Vrginmost"" (in Croatian). 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2018.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 45°21′09″N 15°51′54″E / 45.35250°N 15.86500°E / 45.35250; 15.86500