Vremya (Russian: Вре́мя, lit. "Time") is the main evening newscast in Russia, airing on Channel One Russia (Russian: Первый канал, Pervy kanal) and previously on Programme One of the Central Television of the USSR (CT USSR, Russian: Центральное телевидение СССР, ЦТ СССР). The program has been on the air since January 1, 1968 (there were no broadcasts from August 1991 to December 1994) and was broadcast in color since 1974.
|Presented by||See Presenters below|
|Opening theme||Time, Forward! by Georgy Sviridov|
|Country of origin||Soviet Union (1968-1991)|
|Production location(s)||Ostankino Technical Center,|
|Running time||30 minutes |
1 hour 30 minutes
|Production company(s)||Channel One Russia|
|Original network||Channel One|
|Picture format||1080i (HDTV 16:9)|
|Original release||1 January 1968 –|
In the Soviet days of Vremya, the programme had a pro-government bias and typically did not report on news that could potentially fuel anti-government sentiment. The programme presented reports that promoted socialism and portrayed the West in a negative manner. The newsroom was tied to the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee. This situation changed after Glasnost, when a director of news was introduced alongside the news being sourced from official outlets. This made CT USSR report accurately on the collapse of the Soviet Union's satellite communist countries in Eastern Europe in 1989. This also made Vremya to be shown uncensored and critical, triggering the protests that hastened the end of the Soviet Union.
Schedule and popularityEdit
Vremya's main edition is scheduled, since its inception, at 21:00 (UTC +11, +9, +7, +5 and +3). It is recorded live three times (13:00, 17:00 and 21:00 Moscow Time) due to Russia's large size (the country stretches across eleven time zones). During the Soviet era, the programme was also carried simultaneously on the primary channel of each republican station (Channel 1 of the Kiev Telecentre, LTV1, Kazakhstan-1, Eesti Televisioon, Lithuanian National Radio and Television, Belarus 1, Uzbekistan 1, Georgian Public Broadcasting, Azeri Television etc.) The broadcast lasts 30 minutes, but in special circumstances (more especially during the Soviet era), the broadcast is extended beyond the 30 minutes allotted when necessary (such as the Red Square state ceremonies and parades, CPSU Party Congress telecasts together with other CPSU-led activities, plenary sessions of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and deaths of Soviet leaders Leonid Brezhnev, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko). Even highlights of the celebrations of the Union-wide holidays were also broadcast.
Starting in the mid-1970s, another 30-minute edition was presented on the All-Union Programme (launched in 1956) around 11:00pm.(This was in the form of a live simulcast of Vremya in the next Orbita transmission zone, occasionally a repeat of the 9:00pm programme, especially in the European USSR.) Prior to that, both channels aired Vremya simultaneously at 9:00pm, then repeated the next morning when the First Programme signed on around 7:30am (later 6:30am) after the exercise programme, before airing children's programming and schools and colleges programmes, all produced together with the USSR Ministry of Education and were also seen on Programme 4. Later, a live morning edition was shown at 6:30am, before the breakfast programme 120 minut (which continues today on Channel One Russia as Dobroye Utro, Russian:Доброе утро) on weekdays (on weekends Vremya aired at 8:00 am after sign-on).
News summaries were added as the transmissions increased during the day. There was a bulletin at the end of the morning and midday programmes (i.e. around 1:00pm), an afternoon edition at 3:00pm, and another at 6:30pm on the first channel. From 1989, the latter bulletin began to use the two presenter format of Vremya, as well as the Vremya moniker, and its corresponding studio and graphics (including the title sequence and theme music), looking as it was the program's first edition (the 6:30 am program was the morning news edition while the one at 1PM was the midday update), with the 9:00 pm telecast as the second (main) edition and the one at 11:00 pm as the third or late edition or the late night replay. The All-Union Programme's daytime schedule always began with the news at around 15:00. Midnight newscasts did not appear until the 1980s, when the First Programme screened a headline update preceding the closedown sequence, usually after midnight. All of these bulletins were known as Novosti (Russian:Новости, "The News"). From 1989, the 15:00 news round-up on the All-Union Programme and the midnight news round-up on the First Programme were known as TSN: Television News Service (Russian:TCH:Телевизионная служба новостей, TSN:Televizionnaya sluzhba novostey), which ended in 1991. Today the news on Channel One Russia follows a similar schedule to this one, with Vremya, Novosti, and the all-Russian and regional news updates.
The majority of Russians rely on Vremya as a trusted news source.
Between 1981 to 1983 and since 1986, Vremya has used the theme song from Time, Forward! as its signature tune and opening sequence.
Coverage during the last days of the USSREdit
After the introduction of the glasnost and perestroika, Vremya loosened its fidelity to the party line and began presenting fair reports about the events transforming Eastern Europe at the time. On March 15, 1989, 150 million Soviet citizens watched as the station aired an 85-page speech by Gorbachev to a plenum of the CPSU Central Committee criticizing the poor state of agriculture and setting out the case for reforms, the highlights of that address being featured on that day's telecast.
In the 1980s, 86% of Soviet adults relied on television coverage as their primary source of news. Yet Vremya was seen as "a joke" by many Soviet citizens due to its poor coverage of news events. The coverage of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster, for example, was often relegated to lesser news items during the ongoing coverage of the disaster; in contrast, western news media such as CBS Evening News led with the story for six consecutive weekdays. Following the evacuation of the nuclear workers' closed city of Pripyat, Vremya issued the following brief announcement:
There has been an accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. One of the nuclear reactors was damaged. The effects of the accident are being remedied. Assistance has been provided for any affected people. An investigative commission has been set up.— Vremya, April 28, 1986, 21:00
In 1987 the program logo appeared for the first time in its studio. 1988 saw a big change for the newscast as its studios featured picture backdrops for the first time, and debuted a new logo, with a styled letter В in a box (this was the year of its 20th anniversary). On August 19, 1991, it showed pictures of the impending coup d'etat in Moscow for the first time, albelt in the new styled studios which opened in 1990.
Vremya covered highlights of the March 1989 elections for the Congress of People's Deputies of the Soviet Union and the sessions of the Congress in Moscow, making interviews with its leadership and deputies.
The last Soviet-era Vremya newscast was broadcast on 27 August 1991 and replaced with another news programme known as TV-Inform (ru: ТВ-Информ) the following day. The closure was due to pressure from RSFSR President Boris Yeltsin claiming that the programme was "too tied to the CPSU", but according to the news anchors themselves it was due to CT USSR being forced to lay off a large number of their staff which were said to be KGB agents. When the USSR dissolved in December that year, the programme changed broadcasters from Soviet Central Television to the new Ostankino Television 1 and 4. It stayed even until after the network's name change to ORT-1 (Public Russian Television-1, Russian: Общественное Российское Телевидение, Obshchestvennoe Rossiyskoe Televidenie) in November 1994, and Ostankino 4's reformatting into NTV that same year.
Vremya returned to the program on December 16, 1994, in time to report on the looming conflict in Chechenya. The format was then changed to that of a single-presenter one, but the dual-presenter one was kept for special editions of the program, and was even incorporated into the newscast's 1995-96 opening sequence. Special New Year's Day openers debuted in 1998, in celebration of the program's 30th anniversary.
On Sundays since the late 1980s, the programme also has a separate Sunday edition, initially called Seven Days (Семь дней, Sem' d'nei), since 2003 known as Sunday Vremya (Воскресное Время, Voskresnoe Vremja, Sunday Time). This programme also airs a roundup of the week's news. Until its launch, Vremya was shown as per Monday-Saturday.
- Vera Shebeko
- Igor Kirillov - chief presenter until the 1980s, reporting on major events such as the Red Square ceremonies and overseas visits of the Soviet leader
- Maya Sidrova
- Evgeny Suslov
- Gennady Chetrov
- Evgeny Kochergin
- Inna Ermilova
- Elena Kovalenko
- Anna Shatilova
- Yuri Kovelenov
- Tatyana Sudets
- Victor Balashov
- Aza Lihitchenko
- Galina Zimenkova
- Nonna Bodrova
- Sergey Medvedev
- Leonid Elin
Russian Federation-era editionEdit
- Igor Vykhuholev: 1994-2003
- Nelly Petkova: 1994-1996
- Tatiana Komarova: 1994-1995
- Igor Gmyza: 1995-1999
- Alexandra Buratayeva: 1995-1999
- Arina Sharapova: 1996-1998
- Sergey Dorenko: 1997-1999 (Information-analytic programme "VREMYA with Sergey Dorenko")
- Zhanna Agalakova: 1998-2007
- Pavel Sheremet: 1999-2001 (Information-analytic programme "VREMYA", Saturday)
- Andrey Baturin: 2003-2005: ("VREMYA" at night, literally "Night time")
- Pyotr Marchenko: 2003-2005
- Olga Kokorekina: 2007-2008
- Pyotr Tolstoy 2005-2012 (Information-analytic programme "Sunday VREMYA")
- Maxim Sharafutdinov: 2007-? (Summer releases to the Far East and Siberia + CIS and other countries)
- Dmitry Borisov: 2011-2017 
- Irada Zeinalova: 2012–2016 (Information-analytic programme "Sunday VREMYA")
- Valery Fadeyev: 2016-2018 (Information-analytic programme "Sunday VREMYA")
- Aktuelle Kamera (1952) – Deutscher Fernsehfunk – East Germany
- Dziennik Telewizyjny (1958) – TVP – Poland
- Televizní Noviny (1958) – ČST – Czechoslovakia (continues today on TV Nova within the Czech Republic only, 1994-)
- Híradó (1957) – Magyar Televízió – Hungary
- Panorama (Панорама, 1968) – BNT – Bulgaria
- Telejurnal (1966) – TVR – Romania
- Dnevnik (Дневник, 1959) – JRT – Yugoslavia
- Revista Televizive - RTSH - Albania
- Xinwen Lianbo (Broadcast News, 新闻联播, 1978) – CCTV – People's Republic of China
- Podo (Report, 보도) – Korean Central Television – North Korea
- Noticiero Nacional de la Televisión Cubana (1961) – Cubavision – Cuba
- Thời sự (Current affairs, 1971) Vietnam Television - Vietnam
- Soviet television: a new asset for Kremlin watchers p. 48; 7days.ru Interview with Ekatherina Andreeva
- "Soviet news program comes to public TV". Gainesville Sun. 20 February 1990. p. 6A.
- New York Media, LLC (3 April 1989). Lenin Meets Letterman. New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. p. 19. ISSN 0028-7369.
- Dobbs, Michael (March 16, 1989). "GORBACHEV SETS SWEEPING AGRICULTURAL REFORMS". The Washington Post.
- Terra Pitta (5 August 2015). Catastrophe: A Guide to World's Worst Industrial Disasters. Vij Books India Pvt Ltd. p. 47. ISBN 978-93-85505-17-1.
- "1991/08/28 — ТВ ИНФОРМ. 1 канал. 28 августа 1991 г. [1/4]". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "Putin lauds Vremya newcasts for providing reliable information". TASS. TASS. 1 January 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- Первый канал. Официальный сайт. Лица
- The U.S. Naval Academy Collection of Soviet & Russian TV
- Much of this article was translated from the Russian Wikipedia article about it.
- Time, Forward! (Vremya, vpered!), the famous theme tune by Georgy Sviridov