Vrbno pod Pradědem

Vrbno pod Pradědem (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvr̩bno ˈpotpraɟɛdɛm]; German: Würbenthal) is a town in the Bruntál District in the Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,000 inhabitants. It is located on the Opava River. Vrbno pod Pradědem and Prudnik are headquarters of the Euroregion Praděd.[2]

Vrbno pod Pradědem
Town
Panorama of Vrbno pod Pradědem
Panorama of Vrbno pod Pradědem
Flag of Vrbno pod Pradědem
Flag
Coat of arms of Vrbno pod Pradědem
Coat of arms
Vrbno pod Pradědem is located in Czech Republic
Vrbno pod Pradědem
Vrbno pod Pradědem
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°7′15″N 17°23′0″E / 50.12083°N 17.38333°E / 50.12083; 17.38333Coordinates: 50°7′15″N 17°23′0″E / 50.12083°N 17.38333°E / 50.12083; 17.38333
Country Czech Republic
RegionMoravian-Silesian
DistrictBruntál
First mentioned1310
Government
 • MayorPetr Kopínec (ANO)
Area
 • Total68.91 km2 (26.61 sq mi)
Elevation
545 m (1,788 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total4,995
 • Density72/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
793 26
Websitewww.vrbnopp.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Villages and hamlets of Bílý Potok, Mnichov, Vidly and Železná are administrative parts of Vrbno pod Pradědem.

HistoryEdit

 
Church of Saint Archangel Michael

The first settlement, which later became Vrbno pod Pradědem, was founded in the 13th century, the first mention in a written document is from 1310. The village grew thanks to gold and metal mining. Vrbno pod Pradědem became a town in 1611.[3]

Until 1918, Würbenthal was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), in the Freudenthal (Bruntál District), one of the 8 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Austrian Silesia.[4] According to the census of 1910 the town had 3,614 inhabitants, 3,519 of whom had permanent residence there. The census questioned also the native language: 3,519 (100%) were German-speaking. Most populous religious groups were Roman Catholics with 3,293 (91.1%), followed by Protestants with 307 (8.5%).[5]

In 1938, it was occupied by the Nazi army as one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. The German-speaking population was expelled in 1945 (see the Beneš decrees) and replaced by Czech settlers. The population fell below 800. The village was renamed.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Vrbno pod Pradědem is twinned with:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 2020-04-30.
  2. ^ "EUREGIO PL-CZ". www.euroregions.org. Retrieved 2020-11-12.
  3. ^ "Historie". vrbnopp.cz (in Czech). Město Vrbno pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2020-09-25.
  4. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  5. ^ Ludwig Patryn (ed): Die Ergebnisse der Volkszählung vom 31. Dezember 1910 in Schlesien, Troppau 1912.
  6. ^ "Partnerské město". vrbnopp.cz (in Czech). Město Vrbno pod Pradědem. Retrieved 2020-09-25.

External linksEdit