Vorukh (Russian and Tajik: Ворух; Sogdian: Wārōx) is a jamoat in northern Tajikistan. It is an exclave surrounded by Kyrgyzstan that forms part of the city of Isfara in Sughd Region. As of 2015, the jamoat had a total population of 30,506.[1]

Vorukh
Ворух (Russian and Tajik)
Vorukh is located in Tajikistan
Vorukh
Vorukh
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 39°51′12″N 70°34′37″E / 39.85333°N 70.57694°E / 39.85333; 70.57694Coordinates: 39°51′12″N 70°34′37″E / 39.85333°N 70.57694°E / 39.85333; 70.57694
Country Tajikistan
RegionSughd Region
CityIsfara
Area
 • Total96.7 km2 (37.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total30,506
Time zoneUTC+5 (TJT)

History and territorial conflictsEdit

 
Map headed 'Stalinabad' (Dushanbe) including Vorukh (square XK, top right).

Vorukh is the name of a village and one of two exclaves of Tajikistan within the Batken Province of Kyrgyzstan. There are three Tajik enclaves (including the Sarvan exclave surrounded by Uzbekistan), which were products of several border adjustments during the Stalin regime of the 1920s to 1950s.

Due to the inherent territorial restrictions of the exclave, violent conflicts over land ownership, access to pasture, and shared water resources have become more common, as logistical complications within this densely populated and impoverished region have also given rise to economic concern.

The location of the border of the enclave is disputed by the Tajik and Kyrgyz governments.[2] In April 2013 an argument between Vorukh residents and Kyrgyz labourers escalated into a fight, ultimately involving several hundred people, when Vorukh residents objected to the building of a new road that would bypass the enclave. In May 2013 Kyrgyzstan and Tajik officials met to address the ongoing tensions.[3] In April and May 2021 the region once again brought tensions betrween the two countries - at least 31 people were killed in an ongoing fighting.[4]

ClimateEdit

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as dry-summer continental (Dsa).[5]

Climate data for Vorukh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
2.1
(35.8)
8.6
(47.5)
17.0
(62.6)
22.4
(72.3)
27.9
(82.2)
30.7
(87.3)
29.7
(85.5)
24.8
(76.6)
17.0
(62.6)
8.5
(47.3)
2.3
(36.1)
15.9
(60.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
4.1
(39.4)
11.4
(52.5)
16.0
(60.8)
20.6
(69.1)
23.0
(73.4)
21.8
(71.2)
16.7
(62.1)
10.3
(50.5)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
10.0
(49.9)
Average low °C (°F) −8.3
(17.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
5.9
(42.6)
9.7
(49.5)
13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
13.9
(57.0)
8.7
(47.7)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
4.1
(39.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53
(2.1)
51
(2.0)
79
(3.1)
71
(2.8)
69
(2.7)
21
(0.8)
11
(0.4)
4
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
40
(1.6)
39
(1.5)
51
(2.0)
495
(19.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 1379m)[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jamoat-level basic indicators, United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan, accessed 3 October 2020
  2. ^ "Small Exclave Spells Big Problems For Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan". Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
  3. ^ "Eurasian specialist warns that Central Asia's ethnic enclaves are 'heating up'". Stratrisks. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  4. ^ "Deadly fighting on Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border kills at least 31". BBC. 30 April 2021. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Climate: Vorukh - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-01-18.

See alsoEdit