Vorontsov Lighthouse

The Vorontsov Lighthouse (Ukrainian: Воронцовський маяк, Russian: Воронцовский маяк) is a red-and-white, 27.2 metre tall lighthouse in the Black Sea port of Odessa, Ukraine. It is named after Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov, one of the governors-general of the Odessa region.[2]

Vorontsov Lighthouse
Odessa Range Front
Воронцовський маяк 04.jpg
New Vorontsov Lighthouse (2013)
LocationOdessa
Ukraine
Coordinates46°29′48″N 30°45′36″E / 46.496564°N 30.760053°E / 46.496564; 30.760053Coordinates: 46°29′48″N 30°45′36″E / 46.496564°N 30.760053°E / 46.496564; 30.760053
Constructed1888 (first)
Constructioncast iron tower
Tower height26 metres (85 ft)
Tower shapecylindrical tower with balcony and lantern
Markingswhite tower, red lantern
OperatorGosgidrografiya[1]
First lit1955 (current)
Focal height27 metres (89 ft)
CharacteristicFl (3) R 12s.
Admiralty no.N5082
NGA no.17912
Ukraine no.UA-0340
ARLHS no.UKR-033

ConstructionEdit

 
Old Vorontsov Lighthouse

The lighthouse was built with iron tubing and lead gaskets. It has a one-million-watt signal light that can be seen up to twelve nautical miles (22 km) away. It transmits the Morse Code signal of three dashes, the letter O, for Odessa. It also sounds a foghorn during severe storms or fog.[2][3]

The lighthouse is connected with the port's shoreline by a long stone causeway and jetty, which protect the port from the southern high seas. The port is protected on the east by huge concrete breakwaters built on rocks, that rise above the water.

HistoryEdit

The current lighthouse is the third to stand on the same spot. The first was built in 1862 and was made of wood.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Ukraine: Odessa Area". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  2. ^ a b Kononova, G. (1984). Odessa: A Guide. Moscow: Raduga Publishers. p. 167-168
  3. ^ a b Karakina, Yelena; Tatyana Samoilova; Anna Ishchenko (2004). Touring Odessa. BDRUK. ISBN 966-8137-01-9. Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. p. 33

External linksEdit