Vnukovo International Airport

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Vnukovo, formally Vnukovo Andrei Tupolev International Airport (named after Andrei Tupolev) (Russian: Внуково, IPA: [ˈvnukəvə]) (IATA: VKO, ICAO: UUWW), is a dual-runway international airport located in Vnukovo District, 28 km (17 mi) southwest of the centre of Moscow, Russia. It is one of the four major airports that serve Moscow, along with Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo, and Zhukovsky. In 2019, the airport handled 24.01 million passengers, representing an increase of 12% compared to the previous year. It is the tenth-busiest airport in Europe.

Vnukovo

Внуково
VKO English Logo.jpg
Vnukovo International Airport 2019.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorJSC "Vnukovo Airport"
ServesMoscow
LocationMoscow
Hub for
Elevation AMSL209 m / 686 ft
Coordinates55°35′46″N 37°16′03″E / 55.59611°N 37.26750°E / 55.59611; 37.26750Coordinates: 55°35′46″N 37°16′03″E / 55.59611°N 37.26750°E / 55.59611; 37.26750
Websitevnukovo.ru
Map
VKO is located in Moscow Oblast
VKO
VKO
Location of the airport in Moscow Oblast
VKO is located in European Russia
VKO
VKO
Location of the airport in Russia
VKO is located in Europe
VKO
VKO
Location of the airport in Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,500 11,483 Concrete
01/19 3,060 10,039 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers21,478,486
Aircraft movements163,600
Sources: Russian Federal Air Transport Agency (see also provisional 2018 statistics)[2]

HistoryEdit

 
US President Ronald Reagan at Vnukovo in 1988
 
Old terminal (pictured in 2000)
 
Apron view
 
Terminal A

Vnukovo is Moscow's oldest operating airport. It was opened and used for military operations during the Second World War, but became a civilian facility after the war. Its construction was approved by the Soviet government in 1937, because the older Khodynka Aerodrome (located much closer to the city centre, but closed by the 1980s) was becoming overloaded. Vnukovo was built by several thousand inmates of Likovlag, a Gulag concentration camp created specifically for this purpose, and opened on 1 July 1941. During the Great Patriotic War, it was used as a military airbase; passenger services started after the war.

On 15 September 1956, the Tupolev Tu-104 jetliner made its first passenger flight from Moscow Vnukovo to Irkutsk via Omsk.

On 4 November 1957, a plane carrying Romanian Workers' Party officials, including the most prominent politicians of Communist Romania (Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Chivu Stoica, Alexandru Moghioroș, Ştefan Voitec, Nicolae Ceauşescu, Leonte Răutu, and Grigore Preoteasa), was involved in an accident at Vnukovo Airport. Preoteasa, who was minister of foreign affairs at the time, was killed, as was the aircraft's crew. Several others were seriously injured.

The first passenger flights of the IL-18 (Moscow to Alma-Ata on 20 April 1956) and Tu-114 (Moscow to Khabarovsk on 24 April 1961) were also made from Vnukovo Airport. In 1980, Vnukovo was expanded because of the 22nd Summer Olympic Games. In 1993, Vnukovo Airport became a joint-stock company.

A massive reconstruction and strategic development programme commenced at Vnukovo International in late 2003, following the transfer by the federal government of the controlling stake in the airport to the government of Moscow.

As part of the Airport Strategic Development Plan, these projects were completed between 2003 and 2005:

  • April 2004: New Terminal B was opened. The terminal currently handles international passengers, but in the future, it will be converted to handle domestic flights or to fulfill any other dedicated functions to be determined at a later date. The terminal's total floor space offering stands at 80,000 m2 (861,000 sq ft), allowing for an annual passenger throughput capacity of four million.
  • August 2005: Vnukovo's Aeroexpress rail link to Kiyevsky Rail Terminal was opened.
  • December 2010: New Terminal A was opened.
  • Summer 2016: All flights served by Terminal B were transferred into Terminal A, and Terminal B was closed.

Vnukovo is Europe's busiest airport for international flights by larger private planes.[3]

Location and capacityEdit

Of the three Moscow airports, Vnukovo is the highest (204 m (669 ft) above sea level), so in case of fog, it has frequently served as an alternative airport.[4]

The airfield has two intersecting runways of 3,500 m (11,500 ft) and 3,060 m (10,040 ft) in length. Each runway is 60 m (200 ft) wide, with 10 m-wide safety shoulders on each side. The joint runway capacity is 60 aircraft movements per hour. Runway 24 is mostly used for departures, while Runway 01 is for landings.

The airport has two passenger terminals (Terminal A and Terminal B), one general aviation terminal (for charter and business flights), one cargo terminal, and 60 aircraft stands.

The airport can handle a maximum of 10,100 passengers per hour,[5] and 4,000 people are employed there. In 2013, the airport handled almost 11.18 million passengers, representing a 15.3% increase compared to 2012.[6] In February 2014 the airport handled 722,500 passengers, an increase of 23.8% compared to February 2013, partly attributed to expansion by Utair.[7]

Vnukovo Airport is equipped with a VIP hall, which is used by many political leaders and important people visiting Russia. The Russian President also uses Vnukovo's VIP facility. The Tupolev airliner rework facility is located at the edge of the airport, and major overhaul and modification programmes are carried out in several large aircraft hangars. On the northern perimeter of the airport, the government VIP transport wing is located, operating head-of-state flights for high-ranking government officials. Thus, the airport is occasionally closed for regular flights when VIP flights arrive or depart.

Further expansionEdit

The prospective development programme was intended to last until 2015,[needs update] and was aimed at transforming Vnukovo International into a highly competitive air transportation hub of international significance – one that would offer a comprehensive range of quality services to both its passengers and its tenant carriers.

A new international passenger Terminal A will have a total floor space of 250,000 m2 (2,700,000 sq ft) and passenger throughput capacity of 7,800 passengers per hour, making a total capacity of 18–20 million passengers annually.[8] This will open up many opportunities for the tenant airlines to expand and improve the quality of their customer service at the airport, and ensure the introduction of international-quality service and comfort overall. The sprawling terminal building will be located on the site of the existing domestic passenger terminal, and will also serve as a springboard for the subsequent development of the entire adjacent landside area both next to the terminal and further out towards Vnukovo Settlement. The oldest of the Vnukovo passenger terminals, dating back to 1941, will be demolished by the time construction of the new one goes ahead (it was started to be dismantled in November 2005). The existing domestic Terminal 2, built in the late 1970s, will continue in operation until its eventual demolition during the final phase of construction and replacement with the new terminal.

The expansion plans include lengthening one of the two V-configured runways (3,500 m (11,500 ft) and 3,060 m (10,040 ft) long) to 3,800 m (12,500 ft) and upgrading the instrument landing system from the present CAT II to CAT III. The existing taxiways are to be extended as part of the expansion and new ones will also be built, along with a brand new control tower, an extension to the cargo terminal, and a multistory car park.

TerminalsEdit

Terminal A is the only terminal used both for domestic and international flights. Terminals B and D are out of service as of October 2017.

Airlines and destinationsEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aircompany Armenia Yerevan
Azimuth Elista, Grozny, Krasnodar, Omsk, Pskov, Rostov-on-Don
Azur Air[9][10] Seasonal: Barcelona,[11] Cancún, Larnaca, La Romana, Nha Trang, Sanya, Varadero
Seasonal charter: Abu Dhabi,[12] Agadir, Antalya, Bodrum,[13] Burgas, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Dalaman, Djerba, Dubai–International, Enfidha, Gazipaşa, Goa, Heraklion, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Pattaya, Phu Quoc, Rhodes, Taiyuan, Tenerife–South, Tivat, Varna, Zanzibar, Zagreb[14]
Conviasa[15] Caracas
flydubai Dubai–International
FlyOne Chișinău
FLYONE Armenia Yerevan[16]
Gazpromavia Bovanenkovo, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Yamburg, Yekaterinburg
HiSky Chișinău[17]
I-Fly[18] Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Bodrum, Burgas, Cagliari, Changsha, Fuzhou,[19] Guiyang,[19] Haikou,[19] Hangzhou,[19] Heraklion, Jinan,[19] Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Nanchang,[19] Nanjing,[19] Nanning,[19] Phuket, Podgorica, Punta Cana, Rimini, Salzburg, Sanya,[19] Shenyang, Shenzhen,[19] St Petersburg, Taiyuan,[19] Tenerife-South, Tianjin, Tivat, Turin, Verona, Wuhan, Xi'an, Zhengzhou[19]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Seasonal: Mashhad[20]
Nouvelair Seasonal: Monastir
Pobeda Antalya, Astrakhan, Bari, Bergamo, Berlin, Catania, Cheboksary, Cologne/Bonn, Genoa, Girona, Gorno-Altaysk, Gyumri, Irkutsk, Istanbul,[21] Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Kaliningrad, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–International, Kurgan,[22] Larnaca, Leipzig/Halle, Magas, Makhachkala, Memmingen, Mineralnye Vody, Murmansk, Nalchik, Nizhnekamsk, Novosibirsk, Palermo, Perm, Petrozavodsk, Pisa, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Saransk, Saratov, St. Petersburg, Surgut, Tivat, Tobolsk, Tomsk, Treviso, Ufa, Ulan-Ude,[23] Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vladikavkaz, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Anapa, Bodrum, Cagliari, Dalaman, Dubai–International, Gazipaşa, Innsbruck, Reus, Rimini, Salzburg, Varna
Rossiya Airlines St. Petersburg
RusLine Belgorod, Bryansk,[24] Elista, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kazan,[24] Kirov, Kursk, Leipzig/Halle, Lipetsk, Penza, Saransk,[25] Tambov, Ulyanovsk–Baratayevka, Vorkuta, Voronezh, Yoshkar-Ola
Seasonal: Palanga,[26] Saratov
SCAT Airlines Aktau, Aktobe, Nur-Sultan,[27] Shymkent
Syrian Air Damascus
Transavia Seasonal: Paris–Orly (begins 28 March 2022)[28]
Turkish Airlines Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman
Utair Anadyr, Baku, Berlin, Bukhara, Dushanbe, Fergana, Grozny, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khanty-Mansiysk, Kogalym, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–International, Kurgan, Magas, Makhachkala, Milan–Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk, Murmansk, Nakhchivan, Naryan-Mar, Noyabrsk, Riga, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Samarkand, Sochi, St. Petersburg, Stavropol, Surgut, Syktyvkar, Tashkent, Tyumen, Ufa, Ukhta, Usinsk, Vienna, Vladikavkaz, Yerevan
Seasonal: Anapa, Beloyarsky, Gelendzhik,[29] Split, Thessaloniki
Seasonal charter: Zanzibar
Vologda Aviation Enterprise Vologda
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi,[30] Budapest, Debrecen, London–Luton[31][32]
Yakutia Airlines Makhachkala,[33] Mineralnye Vody,[34] Neryungri, Novokuznetsk,[34] Pevek, Sabetta, Sochi, Yakutsk
Seasonal charter: Patras[35]

StatisticsEdit

Annual trafficEdit

Annual passenger traffic at VKO airport. See source Wikidata query.
Annual Passenger Traffic[36]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 9,460,292  
2011 8,197,162   -13.4%
2012 9,699,452   18.3%
2013 11,175,142   15.2%
2014 12,733,118   14%
2015 15,815,129   24.2%
2016 13,946,688   -11.8%
2017 18,139,000   30.1%
2018 21,478,000   18.4%
2019 24,001,521   14.4%
2020 12,565,241   47.4%

Ground transportationEdit

RailEdit

 
A double-deck Aeroexpress ESh2, at Vnukovo Airport train station
Moscow Aeroexpress
 
Vnukovo Airport [ru]
 
Aeroport [ru]
 
Moscow Kiyevskaya
 
overlaps   to Odintsovo (11 stops)
 
Moscow Belorusskaya
 
 
 
 
Moscow Savyolovskaya
 
 
Okruzhnaya
 
 
 
Aeroport Sheremetyevo
 
 
  to Lobnya
 
Moscow Kalanchyovskaya
 
Moscow Kurskaya
 
 
Moscow Paveletskaya
 
 
Verkhnie Kotly
    
 
 
 
Aeroport Domodedovo [ru]

Aeroexpress direct line connects Vnukovo Airport and Kiyevsky Rail Terminal in Moscow city centre was opened in August 2005. One-way journey costs 500 rubles (420 rubles for online purchase)[37] (as of November 2017). The journey takes 35 minutes.

BusEdit

Moscow city can be reached by the municipal Mosgortrans bus lines: 611 - reaches two consecutive stations (Troparyovo and Yugo-Zapadnaya) of Moscow Metro Sokolnicheskaya Line, 611k (Russian: 611к) reaches only the nearest Salaryevo station of Moscow Metro Sokolnicheskaya Line, but avoids the often congested crossing with MKAD road; nearby Rumyantsevo station is only easily accessible on the way to the airport, not away from it. The fare is 50 rubles (as of September, 2016; eq. to 0.77 US$), travel time 20-35 min. by schedule.
Private marshrutka line 45 also serves this direction. One-way journey costs 150 rubles (as of February 2016; eq. to 2 US$). Due to heavy traffic in Moscow, journey takes 15 minutes to 1 hour.

TaxiEdit

Several taxi services to Moscow city and suburbs are available at the airport. Uber, Gett, Yandex.Taxi and local Transportation Network Companies offer flat rate trips to anywhere in Moscow.

MetroEdit

 
The project of the future Vnukovo Metro Station, that will open in 2022

The Government of Moscow, as a part of metro line 8 (Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya) expansion, plans to open a Metro station to serve the airport. It is scheduled to be completed in 2023 as a new terminus station from Rasskazovka.

Other facilitiesEdit

Previously Vnukovo Airlines had its head office at the airport.[38]

OwnershipEdit

The airport is co-owned by the Russian state and Russian businessman Vitaly Vantsev and his partners. In March 2018, Qatar Airways announced plans to buy a 25 percent stake in Vnukovo Airport.[39]

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 21 December 1943, a Lisunov Li-2 crashed while on a training flight due to a defect in the left rear fuel tank.[40]
  • On 4 March 1944, Douglas C-47A crashed into a Bell P-39Q Airacobra on the ground while attempting to execute a go-around.[41]
  • On 5 November 1946, Douglas C-47B crashed after the crew decided to go-around some 300 m (980 ft) past a landing sign. The aircraft was flying low and engine power was sharply increased. The aircraft went into a steep climb, lost speed and crashed 600 m (2,000 ft) from the landing sign.[42]
  • On 5 November 1946, an Aeroflot-Lithuania Lisunov Li-2 crashed due to fuel exhaustion after repeated approach attempts while in a holding pattern.[43]
  • On 1 July 1947, an Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-12 crashed after the left engine failed on takeoff, causing a loss of airspeed.[44]
  • On 29 March 1951, an Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-12P crashed during which the right propeller struck the top of a radio tower.[45]
  • On 14 June 1957, an Ilyushin Il-14P operating LOT Polish Airlines Flight 232 crashed after the crew did not follow instruction to use an instrument approach.[46]
  • On 4 November 1957, an Ilyushin Il-14P belonging to the Romanian Government crashed on approach in the fog.[47]
  • On 2 September 1959, an Ilyushin Il-18B suffered significant structural damage, forcing it to make an emergency landing. The aircraft was written off.[48]
  • On 23 October 1959, Aeroflot Flight 200 crashed in a forest on approach and was destroyed by fire, killing 28 of the 29 people aboard.[49]
  • On 26 August 1969, an Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-18B crashed after the crew forgot to lower the landing gear, killing 16 passengers.[50]
  • On 10 October 1971, Aeroflot Flight 773 crashed shortly after takeoff when an explosive device on board detonated, killing all 25 people aboard.[51]
  • On 3 January 1976, Aeroflot Flight 2003, a Tupolev Tu-124, crashed 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) west of Vnukovo Airport after both artificial horizons failed in IMC.
  • On 17 March 1979, Aeroflot Flight 1691 crashed 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) away from the runway while attempting to return to the airport.[52]
  • On 2 June 1980, a Soviet Air Force Antonov An-22A suffered an in-flight fire and crashed short of the runway.[53]
  • On 16 January 2010, Utair Boeing 737-500 VQ-BAC departed the runway on landing and was substantially damaged when the nosewheel collapsed.[54]
  • On 29 December 2012, a Red Wings TU-204 overran the runway. The aircraft burst into flames and broke into three pieces. Five people were killed.[55]
  • On 20 October 2014, a Dassault Falcon 50 collided on take-off with a snow plow, killing all four people on board, including the CEO of Total S.A. oil and gas company Christophe de Margerie.
  • In 2021, a young male passenger murdered a female airline staff member at the airport. They were said to have arranged a rendezvous after a flight. He fled and was caught after a few days on the run.[56]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Авиакомпания "РусЛайн" меняет аэропорт базирования в Москве. www.rusline.aero (in Russian). Airline "RusLine". Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Объемы перевозок через аэропорты России" [Transportation volumes at Russian airports]. www.favt.ru (in Russian). Federal Air Transport Agency. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  3. ^ Advertising to the super-rich: Posters for plutocrats
  4. ^ "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  5. ^ "vnukovo.ru – Facts and figures". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Vnukovo Airport passenger statistics for 2017". Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Growth at Vnukovo". Airliner World: 12. May 2014.
  8. ^ "Vnukovo international airport". Retrieved 20 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Flight map". azurair.ru.
  10. ^ "TUI Flight Program". agent.tui.ru.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (13 June 2019). "AZUR Air schedules limited-time Boeing 777 Barcelona service in late-June 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (3 October 2019). "AZUR Air adds Abu Dhabi service from Nov 2019". routesonline.com.
  13. ^ Liu, Jim (13 May 2019). "AZUR Air adds 777-300ER Moscow – Bodrum service in W19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  14. ^ "Boeing 767: Azur Air najavljuje liniju između Moskve i Zagreba!". croatianaviation.com. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  15. ^ "Russian Government Announces New Moscow-Caracas Route". airwaysmag.com.
  16. ^ https://flyone.eu/en/About-FLYONE/News/2021/10/28/FLYONE-Armenia-received-the-Air-Operator-Certificate
  17. ^ https://hisky.aero/
  18. ^ "I-Fly Destinations". iflyltd.ru. 20 June 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Russia's iFly Airlines extends its China connections". routesonline.com. 20 June 2018.
  20. ^ Liu, Jim (2 June 2017). "Mahan Air expands Moscow flights from June 2017". Routesonline. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  21. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pobeda increases Istanbul flights form Nov 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  22. ^ Liu, Jim. "Pobeda adds Moscow – Kurgan service in Oct 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  23. ^ ""Победа" с апреля возобновит рейсы из Москвы в Улан-Удэ". tourism.interfax.ru. 18 February 2021.
  24. ^ a b Liu, Jim (20 December 2019). "RusLine adds new domestic sectors in 1Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  25. ^ "Открытие нового рейса Саранск - Москва в сентябре". www.rusline.aero. Авиакомпания «РусЛайн». Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  26. ^ Возобновление рейсов в Ригу и Палангу из Москвы. www.rusline.aero (in Russian). Airline "RusLine". Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  27. ^ Liu, Jim (24 June 2019). "SCAT adds Nur-Sultan – Moscow service from July 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  28. ^ https://www.deplacementspros.com/transport/transavia-va-relier-paris-orly-a-pau-et-perpignan
  29. ^ "Авиакомпания "ЮТэйр" - Utair свяжет Сибирь и Юг России". www.utair.ru. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  30. ^ "WIZZ – Dream more. Live more. Be more".
  31. ^ Dickinson, Greg (12 July 2019). "Russia for £26, anyone? New budget flights from London announced". The Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  32. ^ "Wizz Air unveils plans for new Russia connections from Luton". Breaking Travel News. 12 July 2019. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  33. ^ Liu, Jim. "Yakutia adds Moscow – Makhachkala service from late-Sep 2020". Routesonline. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  34. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Yakutia W19 Domestic network additions". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  35. ^ "Flight Schedules and Airline Availability". tez-tour.com.
  36. ^ Аэропорт Внуково в 2018 году стал вторым в Европе по приросту пассажиропотока. corp.vnukovo.ru (in Russian).
  37. ^ "Fares and services". Aeroexpress. Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2016-02-20.
  38. ^ Accident Investigation Board Norway (2 November 1999). "Report on the Accident to Vnukovo Airline's Tupolev Tu-154M RA 85621 Near Svalbard Airport Longyear, Norway on 29 August 1996". Retrieved 21 August 2014. p. 4/121. "Owner: Vnukovo Airlines 1st Ulitsa Relsovaya 12 Vnukovo Airport Moscow, 103027, Russia"
  39. ^ "Qatar Airways plans to buy stake in Russian airport as emir visits Moscow". Reuters.com. 27 March 2018. Retrieved 2018-06-03.
  40. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4032 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  41. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47A-1-DK (DC-3) CCCP-L875 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  42. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Douglas C-47B-5-DK (DC-3) CCCP-L946 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  43. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4207 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  44. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 12P CCCP-L1317 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  45. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 12P CCCP-L1313 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  46. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P SP-LNF Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  47. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P YR-PCC Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  48. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 18B CCCP-75676 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  49. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 14P CCCP-41806 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  50. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 18B CCCP-75708 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  51. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 104B CCCP-42490 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  52. ^ http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19790317-1%7CTupolev Tu-104B accident Mar 17 1979
  53. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Antonov 22A CCCP-09311 Moskva-Vnukovo Airport (VKO)". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  54. ^ "Recent accidents / incidents worldwide". JACDEC. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  55. ^ "TU-204 RA-64047 29.12.2012". mak-iac.org. Interstate Aviation Committee. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  56. ^ "Flight attendant strangled to death during hotel meet-up".

External linksEdit

  Media related to Vnukovo International Airport at Wikimedia Commons