Vlatko Vuković

Vlatko Vuković Kosača (died 1392) was a 14th-century Bosnian nobleman, Duke of Hum, Grand Duke of Bosnia (Bosnian: Veliki vojvoda bosanski) and one of the best military commanders of King Tvrtko I, for whom he governed Hum (part of modern-day Herzegovina), which was part of the Banate of Bosnia and later Kingdom of Bosnia. Vlatko was probably a son of duke Vuk Kosača, often regarded as founder of the Kosača noble family.

Vlatko Vuković
Grand Duke of Bosnia
Coat of armsVukovići.png
Proto-heraldic emblem usually assigned to Hrana and Vlatko Vuković in the so called Illyrian armorials.
Reign?–1392
Predecessorbrother Hrana Vuković
Died1392
Family Kosača noble family
FatherVuk

Military engagementsEdit

Battle of BilećaEdit

The Ottoman threat was building to the east, threatening Bosnia and its southeastern regions in Hum. On 27 August 1388, Grand Duke Vlatko defeated an Ottoman raiding party (probably up to 18,000 strong) in the Battle of Bileća.[1] Bosnian heavy cavalry is typically credited with winning the battle as they broke the Ottoman ranks and pursued the retreating enemy. Celebrated Ottoman commander Lala Sahin Pasha (Turkish: Lala Şahin Paşa, 1330 – cca 1382) barely managed to save himself with the small band of his soldiers.[2][3][4]

Battle of KosovoEdit

In 1389, dispatched by his king Tvrtko I, he commanded a Bosnian army contingent as part of Christian coalition that fought alongside Serbian prince Lazar Hrebeljanović at the Battle of Kosovo against the Ottomans. Vuković was one of few commanders who survived the battle. Although the battle is viewed now as tactically inconclusive, at the time the battle was viewed differently - Vuković reported the outcome of the battle as a victory, as the Ottomans suffered heavy losses and were forced to withdraw for a time.[4]

Dispute with Radić Sanković over KonavleEdit

A council was convoked by the king or noblemen who opposed the sale of Konavli by Radič Sanković to Dubrovnik, He and Pavle Radenović later captured Konavli and divided it between themselves. Vlatko later died.[5]

Death and burialEdit

He died in 1392. His nephew Sandalj Hranić succeeded him. Vuković's grave lies marked near the village of Boljuni near Stolac, in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Inscription on the grave was written in Bosančica: "Ase leži dobri junak i čovjek Vlatko Vuković" (English: "Here lies a good hero and good man, Vlatko Vuković")[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Bitka kod Bileće (1388) – Zaboravljeni grob Vlatka Vukovića". www.plemenito.com (in Serbo-Croatian). PLEMENITO – digitalni arhiv. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  2. ^ Ćirković, Sima M. (1964). Istorija srednjovekovne bosanske države (in Serbo-Croatian). Srpska književna zadruga. pp. 157–158. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  3. ^ Amer Maslo (2018). "Slavni i velmožni gospodin knez Pavle Radinović" (PDF). www.ff.unsa.ba (in Bosnian). Sarajevo. pp. 16, 17. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  4. ^ a b Ivan Lovrenović (1998). "Adrian Hastings, Južni Slaveni". ivanlovrenovic.com (in Serbo-Croatian). Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  5. ^ Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. University of Michigan Press. p. 456. ISBN 978-0-472-08260-5.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić
Grand Duke of Bosnia
1388-1392
Succeeded by
Sandalj Hranić Kosača