Vlado Šegrt (18 December 1907 – 1 August 1991) was a Yugoslav participant in the National Liberation Struggle and a socio-political worker in the Socialist Republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Yugoslavia. He was a reserve Major General and national hero of Yugoslavia. From September 1948 to March 1953 he was the President of the Presidium of the National Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Šegrt pictured sometime between 1944 and 1945
|3rd President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly of PR Bosnia and Herzegovina|
September 1948 – March 1953
|Preceded by||Đuro Pucar|
|Succeeded by||Đuro Pucar (as President of the People's Assembly of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina)|
|Born||18 December 1907|
Aranđelovo, Trebinje, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Austria-Hungary
|Died||1 August 1991 (aged 83)|
Aranđelovo, Trebinje, SR Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia
Early life and educationEdit
Šegrt was born on December 18, 1907, in the village of Aranđelovo, near Trebinje. After finishing primary school in the village of Lastva, he worked as a framer. As a seasonal worker, his interactions brought him into contact with the labor movement.
Šegrt became a member of the Union of Communist Youth of Yugoslavia (Communist Youth) in 1928, and the Communist Party of Yugoslavia (CPY) in 1931. The Party included Sava Kovacevic, who had a great impact on it. The Government was a member of party leadership in Grahovo near Niksic until the formation of the party cell in Lastva. In 1936, the Government became a member of the Local Committee, and in 1939 the District Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia in Trebinje.
In the April war, Šegrt served in positions in the Bay of Kotor, escaped capture and armed came home. Immediately upon his return, he came into contact with Sava Kovacevic and other communists in the Trebinje district. He worked on the organization of the armed struggle and giving resistance to the Ustasha. In his village he formed a partisan company, and was its political commissar. From September 1941, the company won several important victories over the Italians and the Ustashe, which resulted in a population that was massively in favor of the National Liberation Movement (NOP). On 6 January 1942, Šegrt and his company captured an Italian convoy near the village of Klenk. They seized a large amount of weapons and ammunition.
During the Liberation War, Šegrt served as political commissar of the partisan troops, the battalion commander "Luka Vukalović", Commander of the First Herzegovina-Montenegro shock partisan battalion, from 28 January 1942; Commander of the North-Herzegovina Partisan Unit from April 1942; Commander of the Herzegovina Partisan Unit, from mid-June 1942; Commander of the Tenth Herzegovina shock brigades, from 10 August 1942; Deputy Commander of the Third Shock Division and commander of the 29th Herzegovina Partisan divisions, from mid-November 1943 to end the war. The fighting in the western and central Bosnia, Kupres, around Imotski and Posusje, around Mrkonjić Grada, Glamoča, Jajca, Busovače, Turbeta, Žepča, Prozora and Rame, fighters of the Tenth Herzegovina shock brigade won a string of victories. In fighting for Jajca, Rama and the Neretva River, in battles for the liberation of Nevesinje and Gačak, in March–April 1943, soldiers of his brigade destroyed many Italian, Chetnik and Home Guard-Ustasha forces.
As commander of the 29th Division of Herzegovina, Šegrt led many battles in Herzegovina, near Dubrovnik and Herceg Novi, Mostar, Sarajevo, Trieste and Ljubljana. He ended the war with the rank of Major General. He was a councilor ZAVNOBiH and AVNOJ, and from September 1944 a member of the Regional People's Liberation Assembly and member of the Regional Committee Narodnooslodbodilakog front Herzegovina.
After the liberation of Yugoslavia, Šegrt held a number of responsible social and political functions. He was Minister of Agriculture in the first government of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, from 1945 to 1948; then he was President of the Presidium of the National Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, from 1948 to 1953 and Vice President of the National Assembly of the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and others. He was elected a deputy of the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Assembly, continuously until 1967. He was a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of BiH, to 1965; member of the Central Committee GAAP BiH and member of the Federal Board of GAAP Yugoslavia until 1963; member of the Central Committee SUBNOR BiH and the Federal odnora SUBNOR; member of the Central Committee of the Association of Reserve Officers and a member of the Federation Council.
In 1954 in Sarajevo, Šegrt published a book - a chronicle of Narodnooslodbodilačkog war, entitled "Blood on the stone". He died on 1 August 1991, in his home town, Aranđelovo, where he was buried.
Awards and honorsEdit
Šegrt was the holder of the Partisan Medal in 1941 and the other Yugoslav awards, including the Order of National Liberation, the Order of the Yugoslav Flag with Sash, Order of the Partisan Star with Golden Wreath, the Order of Merit with Gold Star, Medal for bravery and others. Order of National Hero was awarded on 20 December 1951.
- url: https://www.parlament.ba/istorija/default.aspx?id=27881&langTag=en-US&pril=b
- Dedijer, Vladimir (1990). The War Diaries of Vladimir Dedijer: From November 28, 1942, to September 10, 1943. University of Michigan Press. p. 173.
- Hoare, Marko Attila (2014). The Bosnian Muslims in the Second World War. Oxford University Press. p. 269.