Vladivoj, Duke of Bohemia

Vladivoj (c. 981 – January 1003) was Duke of Bohemia from 1002 until his death.

Duke of Bohemia
ReignMay 1002 – January 1003
PredecessorBoleslaus III
SuccessorBolesław the Brave
Bornc. 981
DiedJanuary 1003 (aged c. 22)
Spousenot known
Issuenot known
FatherMieszko I of Poland


He was probably a member of the Piast dynasty, maybe the second son of Doubravka, daughter of Duke Boleslaus I of Bohemia, and her husband Duke Mieszko I of Poland, or a distant relative.[citation needed] When Duke Boleslaus III was dethroned during a revolt by the Czech Vršovci clan, the Bohemian nobles declared Vladivoj, who had earlier fled to Poland, duke in 1002.[1] The Czech historian Dušan Třeštík writes that Vladivoj assumed the Bohemian throne with the support of the Polish duke Bolesław I the Brave.[2] In November, he also obtained the support by the German king Henry II who enfeoffed him with the Bohemian duchy.

After Vladivoj died in 1003, Bolesław the Brave invaded Bohemia and restored Boleslaus III who had many Bohemian noblemen murdered.[3][1] It is said that Vladivoj was an alcoholic, and drinking was a possible contributor to his death.[citation needed] A massacre of the Vršovci clan at Vyšehrad ordered by Boleslaus III led to his deposition and the succession of his younger brother Jaromír.



  • Berend, Nora; Urbańczyk, Przemysław; Wiszewski, Przemysław (2013). Central Europe in the High Middle Ages: Bohemia, Hungary and Poland, c. 900-c. 1300. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-78156-5.
  • Manteuffel, Tadeusz (1982). The Formation of the Polish State: The Period of Ducal Rule, 963–1194 (Translated and with an Introduction by Andrew Gorski). Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1682-4.
  • Třeštík, Dušan (2011). "Great Moravia and the beginnings of the stte (9th and 10th centuries)". In Pánek, Jaroslav; Tůma, Oldřich (eds.). A History of the Czech Lands. Charles University in Prague. pp. 65–79. ISBN 978-80-246-1645-2.
Vladivoj, Duke of Bohemia
Born: c. 981 Died: 1003
Preceded by Duke of Bohemia
Succeeded by