Vladislav II of Wallachia

Vladislav II (died 20 August 1456) was a voivode of the principality of Wallachia, from 1447 to 1448, and again from 1448 to 1456. The way Vladislav II came to the throne is debatable. The most accepted view is that Vladislav assassinated Vlad II Dracul, ruler of Wallachia, and was subsequently placed on the throne by John Hunyadi,[1][full citation needed] on the other, Vladislav II was helped by the Ottomans to replace Dan III which was assigned by the Hungarians.[2][full citation needed]

Vladislav II
Voivode of Wallachia
ReignDecember 1447 – October 1448
PredecessorVlad II Dracul
SuccessorVlad the Impaler
Voivode of Wallachia
ReignDecember 1448 – 20 August 1456
PredecessorVlad the Impaler
SuccessorVlad the Impaler
Bornunknown
Died20 August 1456
Burial
SpouseDoamna Neacșa
HouseHouse of Dănești
FatherDan II of Wallachia
ReligionOrthodox Christian
Vladislav and his wife, Neacșa
Snagov Monastery, founded by Vladislav II in 1453

Conflict with John HunyadiEdit

It is not known if Vladislav II had been invited to take part in the Battle of Kosovo (1448) or not. It is certain, however, that he did not send any troops in aid and as a result, John Hunyadi took back the Transylvanian possessions of Făgăraș and Amlaș on 23 April 1452. Vladislav retaliated by embargoing all Wallachian trade to Brașov County, then part of Hunyadi's Transylvania. However, on 15 November 1455, after Hunyadi informed the people of Brașov that the embargo would be lifted, Vladislav seized back Transylvanian possessions, and attacked the Făgăraș fortress and in the process burns a few Saxon villages. In response, Hunyadi gives Vlad III; a son of the rival Drăculești house of Basarab (the future Vlad the Impaler) military support and, with the help of the Saxons whose villages were burned down, disposed Vladislav II.

DeathEdit

On July 22, 1456, Vlad II Dracul's son Vlad III Dracula led a small army of mercenaries into Wallachia, when they were intercepted by Vladislav and his men near Târgșor. The commanders agreed to settle the dispute in single combat, so Vladislav and Dracula engaged in hand-to-hand combat in front of their hosts until Vlad Dracula struck a killing blow to Wallachia's Voivode.

Vladislav was not buried at the Snagov Monastery, which he founded; instead, he was buried at the Dealu Monastery. His gravestone is marked "August 22, 1456", however, that was the date of the engraving and not the date of his death. By August 22, Vlad III had already replaced Vladislav on the throne of Wallachia.

LegacyEdit

Vladislav founded Snagov Monastery in 1453, where a wooden sculpted door has been preserved to this day, and is exhibited at the Religious Art Museum of Bucharest. At Mount Athos in 1450, Vladislav gave Koutloumousiou Monastery a charter and gave a gift of 10,000 Akçet to St. Elijah Skit.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Academiei p.375
  2. ^ Giurescu p.14

ReferencesEdit

  • McNally, Raymond T.; Florescu, Radu R. (1989). Dracula, prince of many faces: his life and his times. Boston: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-28656-7.
  • Giurescu, Constantin C. (2007). The History of Romanians. II. București: BIC ALL. pp. 107–108. ISBN 978-973-571-709-4.
  • Academia Română (2012). A History of Romanians. IV (2nd ed.). București: Editura Enciclopedică. ISBN 978-973-45065-2-1.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
Vladislav II of Wallachia
 Died: 20 August 1456
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Vlad the Dragon
Voivode of Wallachia
1447-1448
Succeeded by
Vlad the Impaler
Preceded by
Vlad the Impaler
Voivode of Wallachia
1448-1456