Vladimir Ivanov Georgiev (Bulgarian: Владимир Иванов Георгиев) (1908–1986) was a prominent Bulgarian linguist, philologist, and educational administrator.[1]

Biography edit

Vladimir Georgiev was born in the Bulgarian village of Gabare, near Byala Slatina and graduated in philology at Sofia University in 1930. He specialized in Indo-European, Slavic and general linguistics at the University of Vienna (1933–1934), and later at the universities of Berlin (1935–1936), Florence (1939–1940) and Paris (1946–1947). Assistant Professor at Sofia University (1931–1941), Associated Professor (1936–1945), Professor (1945), head of the department of general and comparative-historical linguistics at the Faculty of History and Philology at Sofia University (1948–1974), Dean of the Faculty of Philology (1947–1948), Vice-Rector (1948–1951), Rector (1951–1956). Director of the Institute for Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1951–1957), Secretary of the Department of Linguistics, Literature and Art Studies (1956–1963), Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences (1959–1972), Director of the United Center for Language and Literature (from 1972). Chairman of the International Committee of Slavic Studies (1958–1963, since 1963 - Vice-President), President of the Bulgarian National Committee of Slavic Studies (since 1955). President of the International Association for the Study of Southeast Europe (1965–1967). Member of the Bureau of the Governing Board of the International Committee for Mycenology. Chief. editor of the "Short Encyclopedia of Bulgaria" (1962–1969), an encyclopedia "AZ" (1974), "Encyclopedia of Bulgaria" (1978). Editor of the magazine "Balkan Linguistics." Academician (1952). Honorary Doctor of Humboldt University in Berlin (1960) and Charles University in Prague (1968). Corresponding Member of the French Academy of Sciences (1967), the Finnish Academy of Sciences (1966), Saxon Academy of Sciences in Leipzig (1968), the Belgian Academy of Sciences (1971), Athens Academy of Sciences (1977).

In Balkan linguistics, Georgiev distinguished Thracian and Dacian from Phrygian[2] and also determined the location of Thracian and Illyrian among other Indo-European languages.[3] Based on a new application of comparative method, he established the existence of a Pre-Greek Indo-European language, which he called “Pelasgian”.[4][5] Georgiev is one of the first to contribute to the understanding of Minoan writing systems, especially Linear A. Georgiev's works were further developed by many scientists (Brandenstein, van Windekens,[6] Carnot, Merling, Haas etc.). He made multiple contributions to the field of Thracology, including a linguistic interpretation of an inscription discovered at the village of Kyolmen in the Shoumen district of northeastern Bulgaria.[7][8] In the 1960s, Georgiev examined the names of the twenty-six largest rivers of central and eastern Europe. He suggested that the names were reconstructible to Proto-Indo-European and that the Indo-European homeland was delimited on the west by the Rhine river and to the east by the Don river.[9]

He also proposed in 1962 that the Etruscan language was related to Hittite,[10] a theory which is not accepted by scholars.

References edit

Citations edit

  1. ^ Office of the Foreign Secretary 1963, p. 15.
  2. ^ Vladimir Georgiev, “Raporturile dintre limbile dacă, tracă și frigiană”, in Studii clasice (Bucharest: 1960).
  3. ^ Vladimir Georgiev, “Thrace et illyrien”, Balkansko Ezikoznanie 6 (1963): 71–4.
  4. ^ Vladimir Georgiev, “Das Pelasgische”, in Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Linguists, ed. Eva Sivertsen (Oslo: Oslo University Press, 1958), 406–13.
  5. ^ Vladimir Georgiev, “La scoperta della lingua ‘pelasgica’”, in Introduzione alla storia delle lingue indeuropee (Rome: Edizioni dell’Ateneo, 1966), 107–19.
  6. ^ Albert Jan van Windekens, Le pélasgique, essai sur une langue indo-européenne préhellénique (Louvain: Publications universitaires, 1952); van Windekens, Études pélasgiques (Louvain: Publications universitaires, 1960).
  7. ^ Vladimir Georgiev, Die Deutung der altertümlichen thrakischen Inschrift aus Kjolmen. Special issue of Balkansko Ezikonznanie 11, no. 1 (1966).
  8. ^ Danov & Ivanov 1980, p. 8: "Since we have just spoken in the same breath of the Thracians and the Etruscans, in connection with their language and the writing they used, let us refer, even though quite briefly, to the importance of the achievements of Bulgarian linguist Vladimir Georgiev in Thracology. The reference is more specifically to his interpretation of the inscription discovered several years ago at the village of Kyolmen (Shoumen district, North-western Bulgaria)."
  9. ^ Wilbur 1977, p. lxvi: "The late 1960s saw the reinterpretation of Krahe's 'Old European' river names. The Bulgarian linguist, Vladimir Georgiev, examined the names of the twenty-six largest rivers of central and eastern Europe and found all of them be reconstructible to PIE. An examination of the large rivers outside this central core, e.g., Siene, Po, Kama, Ural showed the names to be either non-Indo-European or late Indo-European. Therefore, Georgiev concluded that the IE homeland was delimited on the west by the Rhine and on the east by the river Don (Georgiev 1966)."
  10. ^ Georgiev 1962.

Sources edit

  • Danov, Christo Milošev; Ivanov, Teofil Krăstev (1980). Antique Tombs in Bulgaria. Sofia: Sofia Press.
  • Georgiev, Vladimir Ivanov (1962). Hethitisch und Etruskisch: die hethitische Herkunft der etruskischen Sprache. Sofia: Académie Bulgare des Sciences.
  • Office of the Foreign Secretary (1963). The Eastern European Academies of Sciences: A Directory. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council (U.S.).
  • Wilbur, Terence H., ed. (1977). The Lautgesetz-Controversy: A Documentation (1885–86). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN 90-272-0871-9.

External links edit