List of grape diseases

  (Redirected from Viticultural hazards)

This is a list of diseases of grapes (Vitis spp.).

A cartoon from Punch from 1890: The phylloxera, a true gourmet, finds out the best vineyards and attaches itself to the best wines.Punch magazine, 6 Sep. 1890.

Bacterial diseasesEdit

 
The Glassy-winged sharpshooter is the primary carrier of Pierce's disease.
Bacterial diseases
Happy Disease (bacterial necrosis) Xylophilus ampelinus = 'Xanthomonas ampelina
Crown gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens
Pierce's disease Xylella fastidiosa
Bacterial inflorescence rot [1] Pseudomonas syringae

Fungal diseasesEdit

 
The effects of Bird's eye (or Anthracnose) rot.
 
Botrytis or "Noble rot".
 
The effects of downy mildew on a grape leaf.
 
Powdery mildew on grapes.
Fungal diseases
Alternaria rot Alternaria alternata
Angular leaf scorch

Pseudopezicula tetraspora
Phialophora-type (anamorph)

Angular leaf spot

Mycosphaerella angulata
Cercospora brachypus [anamorph]

Anthracnose and bird's-eye rot

Elsinoë ampelina
Sphaceloma ampelinum [anamorph]

Armillaria root rot (shoestring root rot)

Armillaria mellea
Rhizomorpha subcorticalis [anamorph]

Aspergillus rot Aspergillus niger
Black rot of grapes Guignardia bidwellii
Botrytis (Grey Rot or Noble Rot) Botrytis cinerea
Bot canker Lasiodiplodia theobromae

Botryosphaeria rhodina (anamorph)

Ripe rot[2] Colletotrichum acutatum species complex[3]

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex[5]

  • C. viniferum
  • C. gloeosporioides sensu stricto
  • C. fructicola
  • C. siamense
  • C. hebeiense
  • C. aenigma
  • C. clidemiae

Miscellaneous diseases and disordersEdit

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Berry rot Yeasts
Black measles Presumably toxins from wood-rotting fungi; see Wood rot (decay)
Chlorosis Iron deficiency
Esca (Apoplexy) Presumably toxins from wood-rotting fungi; see Wood rot (decay)
Fasciation Genetic disorder
Little leaf Zinc deficiency
Oxidant stipple Ozone
Rupestris speckle Physiological disorder
Stem necrosis (water berry, grape peduncle necrosis) Physiological disorder

Nematodes, parasiticEdit

Nematodes, parasitic
Citrus

Tylenchulus semipenetrans

Dagger, American

Xiphinema americanum

Dagger

Xiphinema spp.
Xiphinema index

Lesion

Pratylenchus spp.
Pratylenchus vulnus

Needle

Longidorus spp.

Pin

Paratylenchus hamatus

Reniform

Rotylenchulus spp.

Ring

Mesocriconema xenoplax

Root-knot

Meloidogyne arenaria
Meloidogyne hapla
Meloidogyne incognita
Meloidogyne javanica

Spiral

Helicotylenchus spp.

Stubby-root

Paratrichodorus minor

Stunt

Tylenchorhynchus spp.

Phytoplasma, virus and viruslike diseasesEdit

Virus and viruslike diseases
Alfalfa mosaic Alfalfa mosaic virus
Arabis mosaic Arabis mosaic virus
Artichoke Italian latent Artichoke Italian latent virus
Asteroid mosaic Undetermined, viruslike
Bois noir/black wood disease Candidatus Phytoplasma solani
Bratislava mosaic Bratislava mosaic virus
Broad bean wilt Broad bean wilt virus
Corky bark Grapevine virus B
Enation Undetermined, viruslike
Fanleaf degeneration (infectious degeneration and decline) Grapevine fanleaf virus
Flavescence dorée MLO
Fleck (Marbrure) Undetermined, viruslike
Grapevine Bulgarian latent Grapevine Bulgarian latent virus
Grapevine chrome mosaic Grapevine chrome mosaic virus
Grapevine red blotch Grapevine red blotch-associated virus
Grapevine yellows phytoplasma
Leafroll Closterovirus-associated
Peach rosette mosaic virus decline Peach rosette mosaic virus
Petunia asteroid mosaic Petunia asteroid mosaic virus
Raspberry ringspot Raspberry ringspot virus
Rupestris stem pitting Undetermined, viruslike
Shoot necrosis Undetermined, viruslike
Sowbane mosaic Sowbane mosaic virus
Strawberry latent ringspot Strawberry latent ringspot virus
Tobacco mosaic Tobacco mosaic virus
Tobacco necrosis Tobacco necrosis virus
Tobacco ringspot virus decline Tobacco ringspot virus
Tomato black ring Tomato black ring virus
Tomato ringspot virus decline Tomato ringspot virus
Vein mosaic Undetermined, viruslike
Yellow speckle Viroid

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Wecket, Melanie. "Bacterial rot of grapevine caused by Pseudomonas syringae". NSW DPI Agriculture. National Wine and Grape Industry Centre. Archived from the original on 2021-12-14. Retrieved 13 October 2017.
  2. ^ Dowling, Madeline; Peres, Natalia; Villani, Sara; Schnabel, Guido (2020). "Managing Colletotrichum on Fruit Crops: A "Complex" Challenge". Plant Disease. 104 (9): 2301–2316. doi:10.1094/PDIS-11-19-2378-FE. ISSN 0191-2917.
  3. ^ Damm, U.; Cannon, P. F.; Woudenberg, J. H. C.; Crous, P. W. (2012). "The Colletotrichum acutatum species complex". Studies in Mycology. complex species or species complexes?. 73: 37–113. doi:10.3114/sim0010. ISSN 0166-0616. PMC 3458416. PMID 23136458.
  4. ^ Kepner, Cody; Swett, Cassandra L. (2018). "Previously unrecognized diversity within fungal fruit rot pathosystems on Vitis vinifera and hybrid white wine grapes in Mid-Atlantic vineyards". Australasian Plant Pathology. 47 (2): 181–188. doi:10.1007/s13313-017-0538-4. ISSN 0815-3191.
  5. ^ Weir, B. S.; Johnston, P. R.; Damm, U. (2012). "The Colletotrichum gloeosporioides species complex". Studies in Mycology. complex species or species complexes?. 73: 115–180. doi:10.3114/sim0011. ISSN 0166-0616. PMC 3458417. PMID 23136459.

External linksEdit