Vitaly Dmitriyevich "Vitalik" Buterin (Russian: Виталий Дмитриевич Бутерин; born 31 January 1994) is a Russian-Canadian programmer and writer who is best known as one of the co-founders of Ethereum. Buterin became involved with cryptocurrency early in its inception, co-founding Bitcoin Magazine in 2011. In 2014, Buterin launched Ethereum.
Виталий Дмитриевич Бутерин
|Born||31 January 1994|
|Education||University of Waterloo|
|Known for||Ethereum, Bitcoin Magazine|
|Fields||Digital contracts, digital currencies, game theory|
Buterin was born in Kolomna, Russia, to Dmitry Buterin, a computer scientist, and Natalia Ameline (née Chistyakova). He lived in the area until the age of six when his parents emigrated to Canada in search of better employment opportunities. While in grade three of elementary school in Canada, Buterin was placed into a class for gifted children and was drawn to mathematics, programming, and economics.
Buterin learned about Bitcoin, from his father, at age 17. In 2012, he won a bronze medal in the International Olympiad in Informatics. In 2013, he visited developers in other countries who shared his enthusiasm for code. He returned to Toronto later that year and published a white paper proposing Ethereum. He attended the University of Waterloo where he was an assistant for cryptographer Ian Goldberg. He dropped out in 2014 when he was awarded with a grant of $100,000 from the Thiel Fellowship, a scholarship created by venture capitalist Peter Thiel and went to work on Ethereum full-time.
In 2011, Buterin began writing for a publication called Bitcoin Weekly after meeting a person on a bitcoin forum in order to earn bitcoin. The owner offered five bitcoin (about $3.50 at the time) to anyone who would write an article for him. Buterin wrote for the site until its website shut down soon thereafter due to insufficient revenue. In September 2011, Mihai Alisie reached out to Buterin about starting a new print publication called Bitcoin Magazine, a position which Buterin would accept as the first co-founder, and contribute to as a leading writer.
Bitcoin Magazine in 2012 later began publishing a print edition and has been referred to as the first serious publication dedicated to cryptocurrencies. While working for Bitcoin Magazine, Buterin reached out to Jed McCaleb for a job at Ripple who accepted. However, their proposed employment fell apart after Ripple was unable to support a U.S. visa for Buterin.
In addition, he held a position on the editorial board of Ledger, a peer-reviewed scholarly journal that publishes full-length original research articles on the subjects of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology.
Buterin is a co-founder and inventor of Ethereum, described as a "decentralised mining network and software development platform rolled into one" that facilitates the creation of new cryptocurrencies and programs that share a single blockchain (a cryptographic transaction ledger).
Buterin first described Ethereum in a white paper in late 2013. Buterin argued that bitcoin needed a scripting language for application development. But when he failed to gain agreement, he proposed development of a new platform with a more general scripting language.:88 About the Ethereum Project, Buterin has said: "I am truly grateful to have the opportunity to work in such an interesting and interdisciplinary area of industry, where I have the chance to interact with cryptographers, mathematicians and economists prominent in their fields, to help build software and tools that already affect tens of thousands of people around the world, and to work on advanced problems in computer science, economics and philosophy every week." However, in a 2018 New Yorker article, his father suggests that Buterin is trying to avoid the focus on him as the philosopher king of the blockchain world. "He is trying to focus his time on research," Dmitry -Buterin's father- has remarked. "He's not too excited that the community assigns so much importance to him. He wants the community to be more resilient."
Buterin has contributed as a developer to other open-source software projects. He also contributed to DarkWallet by Cody Wilson, Bitcoin Python libraries, and the cryptocurrency marketplace site Egora.
As Buterin was recognizing the economic and political relevance of the Ethereum enterprise for his native Russia, he met with President Vladimir Putin on 2 June 2017, at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum (SPIEF). Putin stated that he "supported the idea of establishing ties with possible Russian partners".
Work with Glen WeylEdit
Buterin came into contact with economist Glen Weyl after tweeting about Weyl's proposal for a new wealth tax. The two then wrote a manifesto Liberation Through Radical Decentralization, where they highlighted the common ground between Buterin's work on cryptocurrencies, and Weyl's work on market-based solutions to social problems. Collaborating with Zoe Hitzig, a PhD student at Harvard, they published a paper entitled A Flexible Design for Funding Public Goods. The paper sets out a method for optimal provision of public goods, using a version of quadratic voting.
Awards and recognitionEdit
- Donation of $2.4 million of Ether to the SENS Research Foundation in 2018, for the research on rejuvenation biotechnologies and human life extension.
- Finley, Klint (27 January 2014). "Out in the open: Teenage hacker transforms web into one giant Bitcoin network". Wired. Archived from the original on 2014-02-12. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Melendez, Steven (10 February 2014). "Could this 20-Year-Old kid make Bitcoin obsolete?". Fast Company. Archived from the original on 2014-03-01. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- del Castillo, Michael (24 September 2014). "Dark wallet: A radical way to Bitcoin". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- "Ethereum Regains Title as Second Most Valuable Cryptocurrency Behind Bitcoin". Fortune.
- "Ethereum Becoming More Than Crypto Coder Darling, Grayscale Says". Bloomberg.com. 4 December 2020.
- Brownell, Claire (2017-06-27). "Vitalik Buterin: The cryptocurrency prophet". Financial Post. Archived from the original on 2018-03-08. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
- Peck, Morgen (2016-06-13). "The Uncanny Mind That Built Ethereum". Backchannel. WIRED. Archived from the original on 2017-07-13. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
- Snyder, Benjamin (2017-06-23). "Meet Vitalik Buterin, the 23-year-old founder of bitcoin rival ethereum". CNBC. Archived from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2018-03-08.
- Leising, Matthew (2020). Out of the Ether : the amazing story of Ethereum and the $55 million heist that almost destroyed it all. Wiley. pp. 35–40. ISBN 9781119602934.
- "Results | IOI 2012". www.ioi2012.org. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
- Braga, Matthew (13 Oct 2016). "Change Agents 2016: Vitalik Buterin, Ethereum". Canadian Business. Archived from the original on 2017-06-07. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
- Russo 2020, pp. 29.
- Elliot, Josh (July 2, 2014). "Why a 20-year-old Toronto drop-out accepted $100,000 to stay out of school". CTV. Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 25 April 2016.
- "Hoax Over 'Dead' Ethereum Founder Spurs $4 Billion Wipe Out".
- "Vitalik Buterin receives Honorary Doctorate". cif.unibas.ch. Retrieved 2019-07-03.
- Russo, Camila (July 14, 2020). The infinite machine : how an army of crypto-hackers is building the next internet with Ethereum (First ed.). New York, NY. p. 25. ISBN 978-0062886149.
- Russo 2020, pp. 55.
- "Interview with Vitalik Buterin". Bitcorati, Inc. January 10, 2014. Archived from the original on 2015-02-17. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
- Vigna, Paul; Casey, Michael J. (2015). "Community". The Age of Cryptocurrency: How Bitcoin and the Blockchain Are Challenging ... Macmillan Publishers. p. 88. ISBN 9781250065636.
- Russo 2020, pp. 35.
- "Ledger". Archived from the original on 2016-02-20. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- "What is ethereum and how does it differ from Bitcoin?".
- Aron, Jacob (6 February 2014). "Bitcoin: How its core technology will change the world". New Scientist (2955). Archived from the original on 2014-02-22. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Vitalik Buterin on Ethereum and The Decentralized Future". Future Thinkers Podcast. 2015-04-21. Archived from the original on 2016-05-18. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
- "White Paper· ethereum/wiki Wiki · GitHub". Archived from the original on 28 March 2015.
- Tapscott, Don; Tapscott, Alex (2016-05-07). The Blockchain Revolution: How the Technology Behind Bitcoin is Changing Money, Business, and the World. Portfolio. ISBN 978-0670069972.
- "Alumni". Abelard School. Archived from the original on 2020-09-28. Retrieved 2021-02-07.
- Paumgarten, Nick (15 October 2018). "The Prophets of Cryptocurrency Survey the Boom and Bust". The New Yorker. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
- Kelly, Brian (2015). "Smart Money, set it and forget it". The Bitcoin Big Bang: How Alternative Currencies Are About to Change the World. Wiley Publishing. p. 156. ISBN 978-1118963661.
- Antonopoulos, Andreas M. (December 20, 2014). "#4. Keys, Addresses, and Wallets". Mastering Bitcoin: Unlocking Digital Cryptocurrencies. O'Reilly Media. p. 82. ISBN 978-1449374044.
- Sebastian, Clare (Nov 2017) "Russia eyes cryptocurrency dominance" Archived 2018-07-20 at the Wayback Machine CNN Tech. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
- Gian Volpicelli (14 June 2018). "This economist wants to abolish private property using blockchain". Wired.
- Vitalik Buterin and Glen Weyl (21 May 2018). "Liberation Through Radical Decentralization".
- Vitalik Buterin, Zoe Hitzig, Glen Weyl (2 July 2019). "A Flexible Design for Funding Public Goods". Management Science. 65 (11): 5171–5187. arXiv:1809.06421. doi:10.1287/mnsc.2019.3337. S2CID 198858039.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Self Published (2014). "2014 World Technology Awards Winners". www.wtn.net. The World Technology Network. Archived from the original on 2018-08-09. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- 40 under 40: Vitalik Buterin, 22 Archived 2016-09-25 at the Wayback Machine, Fortune, September 2016.
- Forbes 30 under 30 Archived 2017-12-01 at the Wayback Machine, Forbes, November 2017.
- Stankovic, Stefan (29 January 2018). "Who is Vitalik Buterin, The Mastermind Behind Ethereum?". Unblock. Archived from the original on 2018-04-11. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "Fortune The Ledger 40 under 40: Vitalik Buterin". 29 July 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-07-29. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- "Dies Academicus of the University of Basel: Honorary doctorates for Hansjörg Schneider and Vitalik Buterin". 30 November 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-12-05. Retrieved 2018-12-04.
- "Fundraising success!". Machine Intelligence Research Institute. 2018-01-10. Archived from the original on 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- "SENS Research Foundation Receives $2.4 Million Ethereum Donation From Vitalik Buterin". SENS Research Foundation. 2018-02-02.
- Elena, Milova (March 20, 2018). "Vitalik Buterin: The Best Thing to Donate Money to is The Fight Against Aging". LIFE EXTENSION ADVOCACY FOUNDATION. Archived from the original on 2018-03-22. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
- Анна ДОБРЮХА (2018-03-20). ""Король Эфириума" Виталик Бутерин: лучшее, на что стоит жертвовать деньги — это борьба со старением" [«King of Ethereum» Vitalik Buterin: the best thing to donate money for is the fight against aging] (in Russian). Komsomolskaya Pravda.
- "SENS Research Foundation 2018 Annual Report" (PDF).
- "Effective Altruism: Giving in Crypto". 2020-12-17.