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Visual Studio Code

Visual Studio Code is a source-code editor developed by Microsoft for Windows, Linux and macOS.[7] It includes support for debugging, embedded Git control and GitHub, syntax highlighting, intelligent code completion, snippets, and code refactoring. It is highly customizable, allowing users to change the theme, keyboard shortcuts, preferences, and install extensions that add additional functionality. The source code is free and open source and released under the permissive MIT License.[8] The compiled binaries are freeware and free for private or commercial use.[9]

Visual Studio Code
Visual Studio Code 1.35 icon.svg
Visual Studio Code Insiders running on Windows 10.
Visual Studio Code Insiders running on Windows 10.
Developer(s)Microsoft
Initial releaseApril 29, 2015; 4 years ago (2015-04-29)
Stable release1.40.1 (November 13, 2019; 5 days ago (2019-11-13)) [±][1]
Preview release1.38.0-insider (August 29, 2019; 2 months ago (2019-08-29)) [±][2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inTypeScript, JavaScript, CSS
Operating systemWindows 7 or later, OS X 10.9 or later, Linux
PlatformIA-32, x86-64
Size
  • Windows: 40.8–68.3 MB
  • Linux: 46.5–66.6 MB
  • macOS: 67.5 MB
Available inEnglish (US), Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, French, German, Italian, Portuguese (Brazil), Japanese, Korean, Russian, Spanish[3]
TypeSource code editor, debugger
License
Websitecode.visualstudio.com

Visual Studio Code is based on Electron, a framework which is used to deploy Node.js applications for the desktop running on the Blink layout engine. Although it uses the Electron framework,[10] the software does not use Atom and instead employs the same editor component (codenamed "Monaco") used in Azure DevOps (formerly called Visual Studio Online and Visual Studio Team Services).[11]

In the Stack Overflow 2019 Developer Survey, Visual Studio Code was ranked the most popular developer environment tool, with 50.7% of 87,317 respondents claiming to use it.[12]

HistoryEdit

Visual Studio Code was announced on April 29, 2015, by Microsoft at the 2015 Build conference. A Preview build was released shortly thereafter.[13]

On November 18, 2015, Visual Studio Code was released under the MIT License and its source code posted to GitHub. Extension support was also announced.[14]

On April 14, 2016, Visual Studio Code graduated the public preview stage and was released to web.[15]

FeaturesEdit

 
Visual Studio Code Insiders logo

Visual Studio Code is a source code editor that can be used with a variety of programming languages. Instead of a project system it allows users to open one or more directories, which can then be saved in workspaces for future reuse. This allows it to operate as a language-agnostic code editor for any language, contrary to Microsoft Visual Studio which uses the proprietary .sln solution file and project-specific project files. It supports a number of programming languages and a set of features that differs per language. Unwanted files and folders can be excluded from the project tree via the settings. Many of Visual Studio Code features are not exposed through menus or the user interface, but can be accessed via the command palette.[16]

Visual Studio Code can be extended via plug-ins,[17] available through a central repository. This includes additions to the editor[18] and language support.[16] A notable feature is the ability to create extensions that add support for new languages, themes, debuggers, perform static code analysis, add code linters, using the Language Server Protocol[19] and connect to additional services.

Visual Studio Code includes multiple extensions for FTP, allowing the software to be used as a free alternative for web development. Code can be synced between the editor and the server, without downloading any extra software.

Visual Studio Code allows users to set the code page in which the active document is saved, the newline character for Windows/Linux, and the programming language of the active document. This allows it to be used on any platform, in any locale, and for any given programming language.

Language supportEdit

Out-of-the-box, Visual Studio Code includes basic support for most common programming languages. This basic support includes syntax highlighting, bracket matching, code folding, and configurable snippets. Visual Studio Code also ships with IntelliSense for JavaScript, TypeScript, JSON, CSS, and HTML, as well as debugging support for Node.js. Support for additional languages can be provided by freely available extensions on the VS Code Marketplace.[20]

ReceptionEdit

In the 2016 Developers Survey of Stack Overflow, Visual Studio Code ranked #13 among the top popular development tools, with only 7.2% of the 46,613 respondents using it.[21] However, in the 2019 Developers Survey, Visual Studio Code was ranked #1, with 50.7% of the 87,317 respondents using it.[12]

Visual Studio Code is flexible across various domains such as Java, JavaScript, Go, Node.js and even C++.[22][23][24][25]

Data collectionEdit

Visual Studio Code is a distribution of the "Code - OSS" repository with Microsoft specific customizations released under a traditional Microsoft product license.[26] Visual Studio Code collects usage data and sends it to Microsoft, although this telemetry reporting can be disabled.[27] The data is shared among Microsoft-controlled affiliates and subsidiaries and with law enforcement, per the privacy statement.[28] Because of the open-source nature of the app, it is known exactly what is collected.[specify] Upstream's binary is shipped under a proprietary licence.[29]

VSCodium is an alternative binary distribution of the software which uses only the open-source parts and omits Microsoft's trademarks and the telemetry component, while remaining fully functional and compatible in all other regards.[30]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://github.com/Microsoft/vscode/releases
  2. ^ "Download VS Code Insiders". code.visualstudio.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Visual Studio Code Display Language (Locale)". code.visualstudio.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ "LICENSE.txt". github.com/Microsoft/vscode. Microsoft. 17 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Download Visual Studio Code". code.visualstudio.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Microsoft Software License Terms". code.visualstudio.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  7. ^ Lardinois, Frederic (April 29, 2015). "Microsoft Launches Visual Studio Code, A Free Cross-Platform Code Editor For OS X, Linux And Windows". TechCrunch.
  8. ^ Comment on Menu license links to non Open Source license, VS Code Repository on Github
  9. ^ VS Code FAQ, VS Code, "VS Code is free for private or commercial use."
  10. ^ "Microsoft's new Code editor is built on Google's Chromium". Ars Technica. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Monaco Editor". microsoft.github.io/monaco-editor.
  12. ^ a b "Developer Survey Results 2019 - Most Popular Development Environments". StackOverflow Insights. Stack Exchange. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  13. ^ Montgomery, John (April 29, 2015). "BUILD 2015 News: Visual Studio Code, Visual Studio 2015 RC, Team Foundation Server 2015 RC, Visual Studio 2013 Update 5".
  14. ^ "Visual Studio now supports debugging Linux apps; Code editor now open source". Ars Technica. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  15. ^ "Visual Studio Code editor hits version 1, has half a million users". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. 15 April 2016.
  16. ^ a b "Language Support in Visual Studio Code". Visual Studio Code. October 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  17. ^ "Extending Visual Studio Code". Visual Studio Code. October 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  18. ^ "Managing Extensions in Visual Studio Code". Visual Studio Code. October 10, 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  19. ^ "Creating Language Servers for Visual Studio Code". Retrieved 2017-02-27.
  20. ^ "Programming Languages, Hundreds of programming languages supported". Microsoft.
  21. ^ "Developer Survey Results 2016". Stack Overflow Insights. Stack Exchange. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  22. ^ Kanjilal, Joydip (2015-05-06). "Visual Studio Code: A fast, lightweight, cross-platform code editor". InfoWorld.
  23. ^ Bisson, Simon (2018-09-11). "It's gotten a little easier to develop PWAs in Windows". InfoWorld.
  24. ^ Krill, Paul (2018-02-24). "What's new in Microsoft Visual Studio Code". ChannelWorld.
  25. ^ Wanyoike, Michael (2018-06-06). "Debugging JavaScript Projects with VS Code & Chrome Debugger". SitePoint.
  26. ^ https://code.visualstudio.com/docs/supporting/faq#_what-is-the-difference-between-the-vscode-repository-and-the-microsoft-visual-studio-code-distribution
  27. ^ "Visual Studio Code FAQ". code.visualstudio.com. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 28 August 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016. VS Code collects usage data and sends it to Microsoft to help improve our products and services. Read our privacy statement to learn more. If you don’t wish to send usage data to Microsoft, you can set the telemetry.enableTelemetry setting to false.
  28. ^ "Microsoft Enterprise and Developer Privacy Statement". privacy.microsoft.com. Microsoft. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  29. ^ https://github.com/Microsoft/vscode/tree/master/src/vs/platform/telemetry
  30. ^ binary releases of VS Code without MS branding/telemetry/licensing: VSCodium/vscodium, VSCodium, 2019-03-17, retrieved 2019-03-18

External linksEdit