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Vyshnivets (Ukrainian: Вишнівець, translit. Vyshnivets’; Polish: Wiśniowiec) is an urban-type settlement in the Zbarazh Raion (district) of the Ternopil Oblast (province) of western Ukraine.

Vyshnivets

Вишнівець
Coat of arms of Vyshnivets
Coat of arms
Vyshnivets is located in Ternopil Oblast
Vyshnivets
Vyshnivets
Location of Vyshnivets
Vyshnivets is located in Ukraine
Vyshnivets
Vyshnivets
Vyshnivets (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°E / 49.90000; 25.73333Coordinates: 49°54′00″N 25°44′00″E / 49.90000°N 25.73333°E / 49.90000; 25.73333
Country Ukraine
Oblast Ternopil Oblast
RaionZbarazh Raion
First mentioned1395
Town status1960
Area
 • Total6 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population
 (1994)
 • Total3,469
 • Density555/km2 (1,440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
47313
Area code(s)+380
Websitegska2.rada.gov.ua:7777/pls/z7502/A005?rdat1=10.03.2007&rf7571=30897

Vyshnivets is better known as a family estate of the Polish royal house of Wiśniowiecki (originally Ruthenian princes), which is known for switching from Eastern Orthodoxy to Catholicism (as part of Polonization) as well as a pro-Muscovite Cossack Hetman Dmytro "Baida" Vyshnevetsky.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early History, to 1939Edit

The area was first mentioned in 1395 soon after annexation of the Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia by the Kingdom of Poland when the first defensive castle was constructed in the area by Dmytro Korybut who had acquired the land from Great Prince Vitautas[1]

The town is located on the Horyn River, a right tributary of the Prypiat. Before World War II the village was located in Poland.

The town served as a family seat of the Polish princely Wiśniowiecki family, as of the 15th century, and received its name from the family. The town was noted for its extensive cherry orchards.[2] In the mid-1500s, one of the family's descendants, Dmytro Vyshnevetsky (1516-1563), was distinguished by his service to Ivan the Terrible. His grandson, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, also known as Yarema Vyshnevetsky (1612-1651) was also a distinguished military commander. During the time of the leadership of Princes Michael and Valusah Wiśniowiecki, as of 1674, the town was on the verge of becoming a Russian capital.[2]

Architectural landmarks in the town include a 15th-century castle; and palace and park, constructed in the 18th century by the Vyshnevetskyi family.

1939-1945Edit

The town is historically associated with the Holocaust. Prior to the commencement of World War II, approximately 5,000 persons of Jewish faith were residents of the town.[2] The town was directly in the path of the German invasion of Russia in June 1941, following the repudiation by Germany of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact.[2]

On August 11–12, 1942, German troops and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police executed nearly 2,700 Jewish men, women and children. Of those executed, approximately 900 were children.[3] It is estimated that less than 100 of the town residents of Jewish faith ultimately survived the Holocaust.[2]

Post-1945Edit

In 1960, Vyshnivets was changed from the status of a village, to that of an Urban-type settlement. The population of the town was 3,469 as of 1994.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Uncredited, Vyshnivets; baltia.com. Retrieved 2016-09-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e Louis Parnes, The Vanishing Generations (1954), as extracted by Arlene Parnes,Vishnevets. JewishGen, KehilaLinks. Retrieved 2016-09-05.
  3. ^ Martin Dean, German Ghettoization in Occupied Ukraine: Regional Patterns and Sources. Paper presented at The Holocaust in Ukraine: New Sources and Perspectives. Centre for Advanced Holocaust Studies, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-05.

External linksEdit

  • ShtetLinks - Vishnevets at JewishGen
  • "Urban-type settlement of Vyshnivets". Verkhovna Rada (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  • "Vyshnivets". Castles.com (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  • "Vyshnivets: Truth and myths of the kniaz Vyshnevetsky family". Den (Day) (in Ukrainian). September 30, 2005. Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  • "Vyshnivets". Ternopilska Torhovo-Promyslova Palata (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  • Klymenko, Serhiy. "Photo excursion around Vyshnovets". klymenko.data-tec.net (in Ukrainian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.
  • Vlasenko, Petro. "Vyshnivets, Ternopilska Oblast". ua.vlasenko.net (in Russian). Retrieved March 30, 2007.