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Visaranai (English: Interrogation) is a 2015 Indian Tamil-language docudrama crime thriller film written and directed by Vetrimaaran. It is based on the novel Lock Up by M. Chandrakumar. The film features Dinesh, Anandhi, Samuthirakani, Aadukalam Murugadoss, Kishore, Pradheesh Raj, and Silambarasan Rathnasamy in the lead roles. The film deals with lives of two men before and after thrown into a kafkaesque[1] scenario in which they get tortured for confession.

Visaranai film release poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byVetrimaaran
Produced byDhanush
Vetrimaaran (Uncredited)
Screenplay byVetrimaaran
Based onLock Up
by M. Chandrakumar
Aadukalam Murugadoss
Pradheesh Raj
Silambarasan Rathnasamy
Music byG. V. Prakash Kumar
CinematographyS. Ramalingam
Edited byKishore Te.
G. B. Venkatesh
Distributed byLyca Productions
Release date
  • 12 September 2015 (2015-09-12) (Venice)
  • 5 February 2016 (2016-02-05) (Indian)
Running time
118 minutes
Budget1.5 crore (US$220,000)
Box office13 crore (US$1.9 million)

The film premiered in the Orrizonti (Horizons) section of the 72nd Venice Film Festival,[2] where it won the Amnesty International Italia Award.[3] The film was released in India on 5 February 2016 and received highly positive reviews from both critics and audience alike.[4][5] Many issues arose regarding the film in Tamil Nadu among the police force.[6] At the 63rd National Film Awards, the film won three honours: Best Feature Film in Tamil, Best Supporting Actor for Samuthirakani and Best Editing for Kishore Te. It was selected as India's official entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards[7] but it was not nominated.[8][9][10]


Pandi (Dinesh Ravi), Murugan (Aadukalam Murugadoss), Afzal (Silambarasan Rathnasamy), and Kumar (Pradheesh Raj) are Tamil labourers who are working in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh and living in a nearby park and working to make ends meet. A Tamil man named Muthuvel (Samuthirakani) is shown to be undertaking some operation in Andhra Pradesh along with a group of men. The lives of the four labourers take a turn for worse when they are caught, beaten and tortured brutally in police lock-up for a theft that they did not commit, due to police's need to close a high-profile robbery case. The four resist the torture and refuse to confess but are forced to relent due to the police brutality. However, when produced in court, they speak out the true set of events to the judge. Muthuvel, who is shown to be a police inspector, helps them go free by translating for them in court and vouching for them. Before the men can leave, Muthuvel enlists their help to kidnap a high-profile auditor named K.K (Kishore) who has been handling the black money for an opposing political party in Tamil Nadu. The men are brought back to Tamil Nadu, and Kumar is dropped on the way to Chennai.

The remaining three men are asked by Muthuvel to clean the police station before leaving. The nature of Muthuvel's case is then revealed. The kidnapping was masterminded by the Deputy Commissioner (DCP), under directions from the ruling political party of the state, to use K.K in court and take down the opposition party. Meanwhile, the Assistant Commissioner (ACP), who is on the payroll of the opposition party, convinces the DCP to play a double game and get three crores ($30 million) rupees from the opposition for dropping the case. However, buying the DCP's bluff, the opposition party fears that K.K has given up their secrets and orders the ACP to interrogate him, during which he dies from the injuries sustained. A discussion ensues to figure out a way cover up the death as a suicide.

After the meeting, the DCP sees Pandi and Afzal in an adjoining bathroom and suspects that they might have overheard the plan. To cover up, they decide to frame Pandi and his friends as convicts in a pending ATM robbery case, and eliminate them under the cover of an encounter. Muthuvel, who feels responsible for the three men, is fed up with the corruption and immorality of the events that have transpired and initially refuses to cooperate, but he is coerced because of his deep involvement. During the staged encounter, Afzal is killed, causing Pandi and Murugan to run away. In the ensuing pursuit, Murugan is shot and killed. Muthuvel chases Pandi and negotiates with him, assuring no harm and promising a spot in front of the media to expose the corruption. Meanwhile, orders arrive from the DCP to tie up loose ends and eliminate Muthuvel as well. As the film cuts to black, gunshots are heard, followed by a conversation that reveals the deaths of both Muthuvel and Pandi. A plan is made for the press coverage of Muthuvel's death 'in the line of duty', alongside photographs of his family to hold the attention and sympathy of the public.



The film was adapted from novel titled Lock up, written by M. Chandrakumar, an auto rickshaw driver in Coimbatore.[2] Vetrimaaran chose to begin the film before the schedule for his other venture Vada Chennai (2018) and signed up actors Attakathi Dinesh and Aadukalam Murugadoss to play convicts in the film. The film earlier had the working titles of Kutravaali and Lock-Up, during the first schedule in Guindy.[11] The first half of the film was finished completely in September 2014 in locations across Hyderabad.[12] The director later announced that the film would be an experimental film lasting only 60 minutes.[13] Anandhi joined the cast as heroine in October 2014, being selected after Vetrimaran was impressed with her performance in his production venture, Poriyaalan (2014) and Prabhu Solomon's Kayal (2014).[14] Telugu film actor Ajay Ghosh stated that he played the role of an inspector in the film and would appear throughout the first half.[15]


The satellite rights of the film were sold to STAR Vijay.[16]

Critical receptionEdit

This film received the best movie award from Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan in Ananda Vikatan Cinema Awards 2016.[17] had rated the film 4.5 out of 5 and said, "Visaranai is by no means only an art or docu film, but fits into the commercial arena as well as it has thrills, especially a nail biting climax, humour, action, a little painful love story in the background and above all filled with real life incidents which one can easily relate to".[18] Twitch Film viewed Visarnai as a top class film about reality comparable to 2012 Cannes favourite Gangs of Wasseypur.[19] The Hindu wrote "Visaranai is beautifully filmed, though there isn't much room for beauty. The frames appear to have been snatched from the back alleys of life. The verité illusion is aided by the utterly lifelike performances—even if the word "performance" seems wrong.".[20] Rediff wrote "Director Vetrimaaran deserves credit for having extracted the best from all his actors. They are so remarkable you sense their terror as they stutter and stumble with their broken and bruised bodies. The hard-hitting screenplay is relentless, making no effort to shield you from the harsh realities of the ruthless world we live in today."[21] Behindwoods wrote "Some may call Visaranai to be a violent film, while most of the others may say it is a brilliant piece of art that is so real and suspenseful. But if you’re a fan of crime thriller or film that depicts pain, do not miss it!"[22]

Awards and NominationEdit

Award Category Nominee Result Ref.
72nd Venice International Film Festival Orizzonti Prize(Horizons Award for Best Film) Vetrimaaran Nominated [23]
Amnesty International Italia Award Won
63rd National Film Awards Best Feature Film in Tamil Vetrimaaran
Won [24]
Best Supporting Actor Samuthirakani Won
Best Editing Kishore Te Won
Vikatan Awards Best Movie Vetrimaaran
Won [25]
Best Direction Vetrimaaran
Best Screenplay Vetrimaaran Won
Best Editing Kishore Te Won
Best Supporting Actor Samuthirakani Won

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Hebbar, Prajakta (8 September 2015). "Meet The Auto Driver Who Wrote The Novel That Inspired Tamil Film 'Visaranai', Premiering At Venice". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Collateral Awards of the 72nd Venice Film Festival". Venice Biennale. 12 September 2015.
  4. ^ KollyTalk (25 January 2014). "'Visaranai release postponed to Feb 5th". Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  5. ^ Share on Twitter (8 August 2014). "'Soodhadi' with Dhanush, another with Dinesh: Vetrimaran Movie Review, Trailer, & Show timings at Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Sagayam take on police creates stir". Times of India. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  7. ^ Ramachandran, Naman (22 September 2016). "India Puts 'Interrogation' Into Foreign-Language Oscars Contention". Variety. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  8. ^ "9 Foreign Language films advance in Oscar race". Oscars. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  9. ^ Dave, McNary (15 December 2016). "Oscars: Nine Films Advance in Foreign-Language Race". Variety. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  10. ^ "'Visaranai' falls out of the Oscar race". Times of India. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Vetrimaaran convicts actors Dinesh and Murugadoss". 14 August 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Vetrimaaran and Attakathi Dinesh are busy !". 4 October 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  13. ^ "60-minutes experimental film by Vetrimaran". Live Chennai. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  14. ^ "Vetrimaran's next is Visaranai". Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  15. ^ "Working with Vetrimaaran was inspiring: Ajay Ghosh". Business Standard. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  16. ^ "#SuperProud! #Visaranai will be premiered on Ayudha Pooja. 10th Oct 12 pm". 4 October 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  17. ^ "Ananda Vikatan Cinema Awards - 2016". (in Tamil). Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Visaranai review. Visaranai Tamil movie review, story, rating -". IndiaGlitz. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  19. ^ "Truth will never set you free". Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  20. ^ "Visranai, a powerful chilling drama". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ "Dhanush's Visaranai becomes the first Tamil movie to win an award to at Venice Film Festival". Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  24. ^ "Winners of 63rd National Film Awards 2015" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 March 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  25. ^ "Vikatan Awards 2017 – Winners List". Retrieved 14 January 2017.

External linksEdit