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Visa requirements for Malaysian citizens

Visa requirements for Malaysian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of Malaysia. As of 28 September 2019, Malaysian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 177 countries and territories, ranking the Malaysian passport 12th in the world according to the Henley Passport Index, making it the 2nd highest-ranked passport in Southeast Asia after Singapore, the 4th highest-ranked in Asia[1] and the highest-ranked passport in the developing world and among Muslim-majority countries.

Although Malaysian passports bear the inscription "This passport is valid for all countries except Israel" and the Malaysian government officially allows travel to Israel for Christian pilgrims only, the travel restrictions imposed by the Malaysian government have no bearing on the Israeli government, which issues visas to Malaysian citizens according to Israeli regulations.

In September 2017, Malaysia announced a ban on all Malaysian citizens from travelling to North Korea, in the wake of strained Malaysia–North Korea relations following the assassination of Kim Jong-nam at Kuala Lumpur International Airport.[2]

Visa requirements mapEdit

 
Countries and territories with visa-free entries or visas on arrival for holders of regular Malaysian passports
  Malaysia
  Visa not required
  Visa obtainable on arrival
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Electronic visa available
  Visa required
  Travel banned by the Malaysian government

Visa requirementsEdit

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes
  Afghanistan Visa required[3]
  Albania Visa not required[4] 90 days
  Algeria Visa not required 3 months[5]
  Andorra Visa not required[6]
  Angola Visa required[7]
  Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required 180 days[8]
  Argentina Visa not required[9] 30 days[10]
  Armenia eVisa / Visa on arrival[11] 120 days
  Australia Electronic Travel Authority[13] 90 days
  • 90 days on each visit in 12-month period if granted
  Austria Visa not required[14] 90 days
  Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[15] 30 days
  • Available at airports.[16][17]
  • E-Visa may be obtained online prior to departure.[18][19]
  • E-Visa fee is US$20 + a US$3 service fee.[20]
  Bahamas Visa not required[21] 3 months
  Bahrain eVisa / Visa on arrival 1 month
  • E-Visa may be obtained online prior to departure[22]
  Bangladesh Visa on arrival[23] 30 days
  • Fee of USD 51.
  Barbados Visa not required[24] 6 months[25]
  Belarus Visa not required[26] 30 days
  Belgium Visa not required[27] 90 days
  Belize Visa not required[28]
  Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[29][30] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
  Bhutan Visa required[31]
  Bolivia Visa on arrival[32] 90 days
  Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[33] 90 days
  Botswana Visa not required[34] 90 days
  Brazil Visa not required[35] 90 days
  Brunei Visa not required 30 days[36]
  Bulgaria Visa not required[37] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Burundi Visa required[38]
  Burkina Faso Visa required[39]
  Cambodia Visa not required[40] 30 days
  Cameroon Visa required[41]
  • Holders of a pre-arranged approval issued by "Le Delegue General de la Surete" can obtain a visa on arrival.
  Canada Visa required[42]
  Cape Verde Visa on arrival[43]
  • Fee Eur 25.
  Central African Republic Visa required[44]
  Chad Visa required[45]
  Chile Visa not required[46] 30 days
  China Visa required[47]
  Colombia Visa required[48][49][50]
  Comoros Visa on arrival 45 days[51]
  Republic of the Congo Visa required[52]
  • Not required for holders of a VIP Invitation Letter.
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[53]
  Costa Rica Visa not required[54] 90 days
  Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[55]
  • Must be arriving at Port Bouet Airport and hold an International Certificate of Vaccination.[56]
  • Fee is 73 Euros[57]
  Croatia Visa not required[58] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Cuba Visa not required[59] 90 days
  Cyprus Visa not required[60] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Czech Republic Visa not required[61] 90 days
  Denmark Visa not required[62] 90 days
  Djibouti eVisa[63] 31 days
  Dominica Visa not required[64] 6 months
  Dominican Republic Visa not required[65] 30 days
  Ecuador Visa not required[66] 90 days
  Egypt Visa not required[67][68] 14 days
  El Salvador Visa not required[69] 3 months
  Equatorial Guinea Visa required[70]
  Eritrea Visa required[71]
  Estonia Visa not required[72] 90 days
  Eswatini Visa not required[73] 30 days
  Ethiopia eVisa[74] up to 90 days
  Fiji Visa not required 4 months[75]
  Finland Visa not required[76] 90 days
  France Visa not required[77] 90 days
  Gabon eVisa[78]
  Gambia Visa not required[79] 90 days
  Georgia Visa not required[80] 1 year
  Germany Visa not required[81] 90 days
  Ghana Visa required[82]
  Greece Visa not required[83] 90 days
  Grenada Visa not required[84] 3 months
  Guatemala Visa not required[85] 90 days
  Guinea eVisa[86] 90 days
  Guinea-Bissau Visa on arrival[87] 90 days
  Guyana Visa not required[88] 60 days[89]
  Haiti Visa not required[90] 3 months
  Honduras Visa not required[91] 3 months
  Hungary Visa not required[92] 90 days
  Iceland Visa not required[93] 90 days
  India e-Visa[94] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][95]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  Indonesia Visa not required[96] 30 days
  Iran Visa not required[97] 15 days
  Iraq Visa required[98]
  Ireland Visa not required[99] 3 months
  Israel Visa required[100] Travel officially restricted by Malaysian government to Christian pilgrims only.

Confirmation from Israeli government is required before a visa is issued.[101]

  Italy Visa not required[102] 90 days
  Jamaica Visa not required[103] 180 days
  Japan Visa not required[104] 90 days
  Jordan Visa on arrival[105] 30 days
  Kazakhstan Visa not required[107] 30 days
  Kenya Visa not required[108] 30 days
  Kiribati Visa not required[109] 120 days
  North Korea Travel banned[110] As of September 2017, due to safety concerns, Malaysian government bans its citizens from visiting North Korea.[111]
  South Korea Visa not required[112] 90 days
  Kuwait eVisa / Visa on arrival[113] 3 months
  • Fee KWD3.
  • E-Visa may be obtained online prior to departure[114]
  Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[115] 30 days
  Laos Visa not required[116] 30 days
  Latvia Visa not required[117] 90 days
  Lebanon Visa on arrival[118] 1 month
  • Granted free of charge at Beirut International Airport.
  • Must not have Israeli visa or stamp in the passport. Must be in possession of phone number & address to be visited in Lebanon, and a non-refundable onward ticket.
  Lesotho Visa not required[119] 90 days
  Liberia Visa required[120]
  Libya Visa required[121]
  Liechtenstein Visa not required[122] 90 days
  Lithuania Visa not required[123] 90 days
  Luxembourg Visa not required[124] 90 days
  Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[125] 90 days
  Malawi Visa not required[126] 90 days
  Maldives Free visa on arrival[127] 30 days
  • Must have hotel reservation [128]
  Mali Visa required[129]
  Malta Visa not required[130] 90 days
  Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[131] 90 days
  Mauritania Visa on arrival[132]
  Mauritius Visa not required[133] 90 days
  Mexico Visa not required[134] 180 days
  Micronesia Visa not required[135] 30 days
  Moldova Visa not required[136] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Monaco Visa not required[137]
  Mongolia Visa not required[138] 30 days
  Montenegro Visa not required[139] 90 days
  Morocco Visa not required[140][141] 90 days[142]
  Mozambique Visa on arrival[143] 30 days
  • At Beira (BEW), Nampula (APL), Maputo (MPM), Pemba (POL), Tete (TET) and Vilankulo (VNX). Must have onward ticket.
  Myanmar eVisa[144] 28 days
  Namibia Visa not required[145] 3 Months
  Nauru Visa required[146]
  • Application via email to director of immigration office.[147]
    Nepal Visa on arrival[148] 15 days
  • Fee US$25.
  Netherlands Visa not required[149] 90 days
  New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[150] 90 days
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be obtained alongside Electronic Travel Authority.[151]
  Nicaragua Visa not required[152] 90 days
  Niger Visa required[153]
  Nigeria Visa required[154]
  • Holders of written e-visa approval issued by Immigration Authority Headquarters in Abuja, can obtain a visa on arrival
  North Macedonia Visa not required[155] 30 days
  Norway Visa not required[156] 90 days
  Oman eVisa[157] 30 days
  • Fee OMR20 or USD equivalent.
  Pakistan Electronic Travel Authorization[158]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[159]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[160]
  • Online Visa eligible.[161]
  Palau Free visa on arrival[162] 30 days
  Panama Visa not required[163] 180 days
  Papua New Guinea eVisa / Free visa on arrival[164] 60 days
  • Must arrive through Port Moresby (POM) or Rabaul (RAB) airports.[165]
  Paraguay Visa required[166]
  Peru Visa not required[167] 183 days
  Philippines Visa not required[168] 30 days
  Poland Visa not required[169] 90 days
  Portugal Visa not required[170] 90 days
  Qatar Visa not required[171] 90 days
  Romania Visa not required[172] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
  Russia Visa required[173]
  Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[174] 30 days
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[175] 3 months
  Saint Lucia Visa on arrival[176] 6 weeks
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[177] 1 month
  Samoa Visa not required[178] 60 days
  San Marino Visa not required[179]
  São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[180]
  • Visa holders issued by USA or a Schengen Member State may enter São Tomé and Príncipe for stay up to a maximum stay of 15 days
  Saudi Arabia eVisa / Visa on arrival[181][182] 90 days
  Senegal Visa not required[183] 90 days
  Serbia Visa required[184]
  • Valid Schengen, UK, US, Switzerland or EEA Member State Visa holder may enter Serbia without Serbian tourist visa
  Seychelles Free Visitor's Permit on arrival[185] 3 months
  Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[186]
  Singapore Visa not required[187] 30 days
  Slovakia Visa not required[188] 90 days
  Slovenia Visa not required[189] 90 days
  Solomon Islands Free Visitor's permit on arrival[190] 3 months
  Somalia Visa on arrival[191] 30 days
  South Africa Visa not required[192] 30 days
  South Sudan Visa required[193]
  Spain Visa not required[194] 90 days
  Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[195] 30 days
  Sudan Visa on arrival[196] 3 months
  Suriname Visa not required[197] 30 days
  • For single entry stay up to 90 days a tourist card may be obtained online or on arrival.[198]
  • For multiple entries up to 90 days an E-Visa is available.[199]
  Sweden Visa not required[200] 90 days
   Switzerland Visa not required[201] 90 days
  Syria Visa required
  • Disputed:
    • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[202][203][204]
    • According to the IATA database, visa may be obtained on arrival and is valid for 15 days.[205]
  Tajikistan eVisa[206] 45 days
  • E-visa holders can enter through all border points. Fee is US$50.[207]
  Tanzania Visa not required[208] 3 months
  Thailand Visa not required[209] 30 days[210]
  Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[211] 30 days[212]
  Togo Visa on arrival[213] 7 days
  • Must have return/onward ticket and 3 passport photos.[214]
  Tonga Free visa on arrival[215] 31 days
  • Must have return/onward ticket.[216]
  Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[217]
  Tunisia Visa not required[218] 3 months
  Turkey Visa not required[219] 90 days
  Turkmenistan Visa required[220][221]
  Tuvalu Visa on arrival[222] 1 month
  Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[223]
  • E-Visa may be obtained online prior to departure.[224]
  Ukraine eVisa[225] 30 days
  United Arab Emirates Free visa on arrival[226] 30 days
  United Kingdom Visa not required[227] 6 months
  United States Visa required[228]
  Uruguay Visa not required[229] 30 days
  Uzbekistan Visa not required[230] 30 days
  Vanuatu Visa not required[231] 30 days
   Vatican City Visa not required[232] 90 days
  Venezuela Visa not required[233] 90 days
  Vietnam Visa not required[234] 30 days
  Yemen Visa on arrival[235] 3 months
  Zambia Visa not required[236] 90 days
  Zimbabwe Visa not required[237] 3 months

TerritoriesEdit

Visa requirements for Malaysia citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Europe
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  Abkhazia Visa required Electronic form submission and supporting documents submission via email or fax[238]
  Mount Athos Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[239][240]
  Brest and Grodno, Belarus Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[241]
Entry to / exit from Brest, Zhabinsky, Kamenets, Pruzhansky districts of Brest region, as well as Svisloch district of the Grodno region must be through road checkpoints Brest (Terespol), Domachevo (Slovatici), Peschatka (Polovtsi), the point of a simplified pass Pererov (Bialowieza), railway crossing point Brest-Vostochny (Terespol) & checkpoint Brest airport.
Entry to / exit from territory of special tourist and recreational park Augustow Canal must be through road checkpoints Bruzgi (Forge Belostotskaya) Privalka (Raigardas), point of a simplified check Forestry (Rudavka), Privalka (Svindubre), railway checkpoint Grodno (Kuznica Belostotskaya) & checkpoint Airport Grodno.
  Crimea Visa required Visa issued by Russia is required.[242]
  Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[243][244]
  UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[245] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
  Faroe Islands Visa not required 90 days[246][247]
  Gibraltar Visa not required[248] 90 days[249]
  Guernsey Visa not required 90 days[250]
  Isle of Man Visa not required 90 days[251]
  Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[252][253]
  Jersey Visa not required 90 days[254]
  Kosovo Visa not required 90 days[255]
  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Visa on arrival Travellers can obtain the visa on arrival at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs office in Stepanakert upon arrival.[256][257] Holders of a passport containing a Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or any evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.[258][259]
  Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[260]
  South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[261][262]
  Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[263]
Africa
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[264][265]
  Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[266]
  Mayotte Visa not required 90 days[267][268]
  Réunion Visa not required 90 days[267][268][269]
  Ascension Island eVisa[270][271]
  • 3 months within any year period
  Saint Helena Visitor's Pass on arrival 6 months. Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.[272]
  Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[273]
  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
  Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[274]
  Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
  Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[275]
Asia
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  Hainan Visa on arrival[47] 15 days. Available at Haikou Meilan International Airport and Sanya Phoenix International Airport.
Visa not required for 15 days for traveling as part of a tourist group (5 or more people)[276]
  Hong Kong Visa not required 3 months[277]
  India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[278][279][280][281][282][283]
  Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[284]
  Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[285]
  Macao Visa not required 30 days[286]
  Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[287]
  North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
  Palestine Visa not required[288] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[289]
  Taiwan Visa not required 30 days[290]
  Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[291][292][293]
  Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[294][295][296]
  Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[297][298]
  Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
  UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
  Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[299]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  Anguilla Visa not required 3 months[300]
  Aruba Visa not required 90 days[301][302]
  Bermuda Visa not required 6 months.[34]
  Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required 90 days[303][304]
  British Virgin Islands Visa not required 6 months, extensions possible[305]
  San Andrés and Leticia[306] Tourist Card on arrival must hold return/onward ticket. Visitors arriving at Gustavo Rojas Pinilla International Airport and Alfredo Vásquez Cobo International Airport must buy tourist cards on arrival.[49]
  Cayman Islands Visa not required 60 days[307]
  Curacao Visa not required 3 months[308]
  French West Indies Visa not required 90 days. French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.[268][269]
  Greenland Visa not required 90 days[309]
  Margarita Island Visa not required All visitors are fingerprinted.[310]
  Montserrat Visa not required 6 months[311][312]
  Puerto Rico Visa required[313] Visa Issued by the United States is required.
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required 90 days[267][268][269]
  Sint Maarten Visa not required 90 days[314][315]
  Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required Holders of valid visa issued by Canada, United Kingdom or the USA may enter Turks and Caicos Islands for stay up to a maximum of 90 days.[316][317]
  U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[318] Visa issued by the United States is required.
South America
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  French Guiana Visa not required 90 days[319][268][269]
  Galápagos Pre-registration required Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.[320]
Oceania
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  American Samoa Entry permit required Entry Permit required from Office of Attorney General of American Samoa.[321]
  Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[322]
  Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[323]
  Cook Islands Visa not required 31 days[324]
  Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[325]
  French Polynesia Visa not required 90 days[326][268]
  Guam Visa not required 45 days[327]
  New Caledonia Visa not required 90 days [267][268]
  Niue Visa not required 30 days[328]
  Northern Mariana Islands Visa not required 45 days[327]
  Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee USD35 or tax of USD5 if not going ashore.[329][330][331]
  United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[332][333][334][335][336][337][338][339]
  Wallis and Futuna Visa not required 90 days[267]
South Atlantic and Antarctica
Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
  Falkland Islands Visa required British Overseas Territory visa is required. Apply at British High Commission[340]
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required 60 days before arrival[341]
Antarctica Special permits required Special permits required for   British Antarctic Territory,   French Southern and Antarctic Lands,   Argentine Antarctica,   Australian Antarctic Territory,   Chilean Antarctic Territory,   Heard Island and McDonald Islands,   Peter I Island,   Queen Maud Land,   Ross Dependency.[342][343][344][345][346][347][348][349][350][351][352]

APEC Business Travel CardEdit

 
  Full members of the scheme
  Transitional members (United States, Canada)

Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:[353]

1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days

The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:[354]

  • no need to apply for a visa or entry permit to APEC countries, as the card is treated as such (except by   Canada and   United States)
  • undertake legitimate business in participating economies
  • expedited border crossing in all member economies, including transitional members
  • expedited scheduling of visa interview (United States)

Non-visa restrictionsEdit

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Passport validity lengthEdit

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[355] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[356] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[357]

Turkey requires passports to be valid for at least 150 days upon entry.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova, and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, and South Africa.

Other countries require either a passport valid on arrival or a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay. Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[358][359] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[360]

Blank passport pagesEdit

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages in the passport being presented, generally one or two pages.[361] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

VaccinationEdit

 
An International Certificate of Vaccination required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination, as does the South American territory of French Guiana[362].

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.[363]

Israeli stampsEdit

 
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[364] Lebanon,[365] Libya,[366] Sudan,[367] Syria,[368] and Yemen[369] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel. Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport, giving passengers a card instead that reads: "Since January 2013 a pilot scheme has been introduced whereby visitors are given an entry card instead of an entry stamp on arrival. You should keep this card with your passport until you leave. This is evidence of your legal entry into Israel and may be required, particularly at any crossing points into the Occupied Palestinian Territories." [370] Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when travelling into and out of Gaza. Also, passports are still stamped (as of 22 June 2017) at the Jordan Valley/Sheikh Hussein and Yitzhak Rabin/Arava land borders with Jordan.

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[371]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicityEdit

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bans entry of citizens from Armenia, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, to the Republic of Azerbaijan[372][373] (although there have been exceptions, notably for Armenia's participation at the 2015 European Games held in Azerbaijan).

Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[374] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[375] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[376] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.

Criminal recordEdit

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[377] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record.

Persona non grataEdit

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.

BiometricsEdit

 
A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest those travellers that refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[378]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[379][380] Argentina,[381] Brunei, Cambodia,[382] China,[383] Ethiopia,[384] Ghana, Guinea,[385] India, Japan[386][387], Kenya (fingerprints and photo) [388], Malaysia upon entry and departure,[389] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[390] Singapore, South Korea,[391] Taiwan, Uganda[392] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),[393][394][395] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[396]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[397] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[398][399]

See alsoEdit

References and NotesEdit

References
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Notes