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Visa policy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean

Aruba passport stamp
Curaçao entry stamp
Sint Maarten entry stamp

A common visa exists since the end of 2010 for the territories of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten (landen (English: countries) within the Kingdom) and the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, which are part of the country the Netherlands) which form together the territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean.[1] The visa is not valid for the European part of the Netherlands, which is part of the Schengen Area.

VisaEdit

 
Common visa for the territories

A standard visa is valid for all 6 islands and allows multiple entry for a maximum period of 90 days within 180 days. The maximum uninterrupted stay in one of the individual countries is 30 days. The visa is not valid for the European part of the Netherlands. Application takes place at the consular representations of the Kingdom and the main visiting country has to be indicated. The basis for evaluation of the evaluation of the application in the main visiting country is however the same for the whole area. Entry for longer periods is arranged by the different countries separately.[2]

HistoryEdit

The two Caribbean "countries" within the Kingdom of the Netherlands were Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles. They each had their own visa policy and thus a list of countries from which nationals could enter without a visa. Through consultation between all countries in the Kingdom the requirements showed strong similarities; they were based on the visa free lists for the Schengen Area, extended with countries in the Caribbean. Upon the Dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010, the common visa system was introduced for all territories of the Kingdom in the Caribbean: Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten as well as Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.[3] The maximum period of stay is 3 months for all countries on the visa-free list for which full reciprocity is in place; for other countries the maximum period is 30 days.

Visa policy mapEdit

 
Countries whose nationals can enter Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands without a visa

Visa-free entryEdit

Nationals of the following countries and territories do not require a visa for a stay for up to 90 days in Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands.[4][5]

  1. ^ Including all forms of British nationality.
  2. ^ a b Visa required for Sint Maarten.
  3. ^ Persons holding a Hong Kong Special Administrative Region passport.
  4. ^ Visa-free only for Curaçao.
  5. ^ Persons holding a Macau Special Administrative Region passport.
  6. ^ Persons holding a Taiwan passport containing a personal identification number.

Furthermore, the following groups are exempted from the visa requirement:[4]

  • Travelers transiting an airport in Aruba between 7:00 and 23:00, in Sint Maarten on the same day, and in the other territories for up to 48 hours;
  • Travelers transiting by land from Sint Maarten to Saint Martin, holding a visa for Saint Martin (if required) and a hotel reservation;
  • Cruise ship passengers for up to 24 hours in Aruba and 48 hours in the other territories;
  • The crew of a ship or aircraft for up to 48 hours;
  • Holders of a United Nations laissez-passer;
  • Diplomats accredited to the whole Kingdom of the Netherlands;
  • Holders of diplomatic, service/official and special passports of Tunisia and Turkey, holders of diplomatic and service/official passports of Bolivia, Georgia, Indonesia, Jamaica, Malawi, Morocco and Thailand, holders of diplomatic and special passports of Peru, and holders of diplomatic passports of Chad, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Russia, Senegal and Ukraine;
  • Holders of a refugee travel document issued by the Netherlands, Canada or the United States.

Dutch nationalsEdit

Although all Dutch nationals have the right of abode in the European Netherlands, right of abode in the Dutch Caribbean is limited to those who have a connection to the region. Other Dutch can enter the region visa-free for a maximum of 6 months.[6][7] The identity card BES and the cedula of Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten are valid for entering Bonaire, Sint Eustatius or Saba, but the Dutch identity card is not.[8]

Substitute visasEdit

Nationals of any country who are not otherwise visa exempted can enter Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands for a maximum of 90 days provided holding a valid visa or residence permit for a Schengen country, Ireland or the United Kingdom, or a residence permit for Canada, the United States, the French overseas departments (French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion) or the French overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.[4]

Holders of a visa for Saint Martin do not need a visa for Sint Maarten, but need a visa for the other territories (if not otherwise exempt).[4]

In addition, nationals of the following countries can enter provided holding a valid visa for Canada or the United States.[4]

  1. ^ a b For Sint Maarten only. Already exempt for the other territories.
  2. ^ For Aruba, Sint Maarten and the Caribbean Netherlands only. Already exempt for Curaçao.

Future changesEdit

In October 2019, the government of the Netherlands announced that it plans to require visas from nationals of Venezuela for the Caribbean parts of the kingdom, from the second quarter of 2020.[9] Exemptions for holders of substitute visas (listed above), including for holders of visas for Canada and the United States, will also apply to nationals of Venezuela.[10]

There are also plans for an electronic travel authorization system and the Advance Passenger Information System.[9][10]

Summary of visa exemptionsEdit

Country Netherlands
(Schengen)
Aruba and
Caribbean Netherlands
Curaçao Sint Maarten
  EU members Yes Yes Yes Yes
EFTA members Yes Yes Yes Yes
Schengen 'Annex II'[a] Yes Yes Yes Yes
  Peru Yes Yes Yes No
  East Timor Yes No No No
  Georgia Yes No No No
  Kiribati Yes No No No
  Marshall Islands Yes No No No
  Micronesia Yes No No No
  Palau Yes No No No
  Samoa Yes No No No
  Solomon Islands Yes No No No
  Tonga Yes No No No
  Tuvalu Yes No No No
  Ukraine Yes No No No
  Vanuatu Yes No No No
  Belize No Yes Yes Yes
  Ecuador No Yes Yes Yes
  Suriname No Yes Yes Yes
  Guyana No Yes Yes No
  Jamaica No No Yes No
  1. ^ Except Peru, East Timor, Georgia, Ukraine, and Oceanian countries added since 2015 (Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Future developments in the issue of visas by the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba". Nederlandse Ambassade in Peking, China. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2010-10-16.
  2. ^ "32 415 (R 1915) Bepalingen omtrent de verlening van visa voor de toegang tot de landen van het Koninkrijk (Rijksvisumwet)" (in Dutch). Government of the Netherlands. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  3. ^ "Visum voor Caribische koninkrijksdelen". Government of the Netherlands (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 September 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Do I need a visa for the Caribbean parts of the Kingdom?, Government of the Netherlands.
  5. ^ "Country information (visa section)". Timatic. International Air Transport Association (IATA) through Olympic Air. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  6. ^ "Toeristen". Arubahuis.
  7. ^ "FAQ: Vakantie, Hoe lang mag ik op vakantie op de Nederlandse Antillen?". Antillenhuis. Archived from the original on 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
  8. ^ "De gevolgen van de staatkundige veranderingen". Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations (in Dutch). Retrieved 2 November 2010.
  9. ^ a b Establish visa requirement for Venezuelans for Caribbean parts of the kingdom, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, 2 October 2019. (in Dutch)
  10. ^ a b Temporary Visa for Venezuelan passport holders for traveling to the ABC islands, Government of Aruba, 3 October 2019.