Virtue Party

Virtue Party (Turkish: Fazilet Partisi, FP) was an Islamist[1] political party established on 17 December 1997 in Turkey. It was found unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court and then banned on 22 June 2001 for violating the secularist articles of the Constitution.[2][3] After the party's ban, the party MPs founded two sections of parties: reformist Justice and Development Party (AKP), headed by Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, and traditionalist Felicity Party (SP), headed by Recai Kutan.

Virtue Party
Fazilet Partisi
LeaderRecai Kutan (1997-2001)
Founderİsmail Alptekin
Founded17 December 1997
Banned22 June 2001
Preceded byWelfare Party (RP)
Succeeded byFelicity Party (SP)
Justice and Development Party (AKP)
IdeologyMillî Görüş
Religious conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Political positionFar-right
ReligionSunni Islam


Founders of the Virtue Party were also active members of the National Order Party (MNP), National Salvation Party (MSP) and Welfare Party (RP).

Merve Kavakçı, the female elected as the MP who was banned from swearing her oath in Turkish Grand National Assembly because she wore a headscarf, was a Virtue Party member.

Former party chairman Mehmet Recai Kutan submitted a case on behalf of the party to the European Court of Human Rights, alleging infringement of Articles 10 (freedom of expression) and 11 (freedom of association) among others. In December 2005, Kutan told the court that he intended to withdraw the application, possibly influenced by the unfavourable result in Leyla Şahin v. Turkey (2004), and the court struck out the case.[4][5]


  1. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram. "Turkey". Parties and Elections in Europe. Archived from the original on 9 October 2002.
  2. ^ Atacan 2005, 188.
  3. ^ Turkey bans Islamic party, BBC
  4. ^, Fazilet Partisi and Kutan v. Turkey
  5. ^ Dilek Kurban (2008), Strasbourg Court Jurisprudence and Human Rights in Turkey: An Overview of Litigation, Implementation and Domestic Reform, TESEV, September 2008