Virginia State Route 42
State Route 42 (SR 42) is a primary state highway in the U.S. state of Virginia. Running parallel to and west of Interstate 81, SR 42 consists of three sections with gaps filled by secondary routes in between. Some of SR 42 lies along the old Fincastle and Cumberland Gap Turnpike. Another major piece, from near Clifton Forge to Buffalo Gap, parallels the old Virginia Central Railroad.
Segments of SR 42 highlighted in red
|Maintained by VDOT|
|Length||210.29 mi (338.43 km)|
|Broadford – Poplar Hill|
|Length||61.63 mi (99.18 km)|
|South end||SR 91 in Broadford|
| I-77 in Bland|
US 52 in Bland
|North end||SR 100 in Poplar Hill|
|Newport – New Castle|
|Length||29.43 mi (47.36 km)|
|South end||US 460 / SR 605 in Newport|
|North end||SR 311 / SR 615 in New Castle|
|Length||119.23 mi (191.88 km)|
|South end||SR 269 / SR 632 near Nicelytown|
| I-64 / US 60 near Nicelytown|
I-81 in Woodstock
|North end||US 11 / SR 670 in Woodstock|
|Counties||Smyth, Bland, Giles, Craig, Alleghany, Bath, Rockbridge, Augusta, Rockingham, City of Harrisonburg, Shenandoah|
SR 42 begins at State Route 91 at Broadford, where SR 91 turns north to cross Brushy Mountain. SR 42 continues the east-northeasterly path of SR 91 through the valleys formed by the North Fork Holston River, crossing State Route 16 at Black Hill.
SR 42 continues past Groseclose Store and Ceres, meeting State Route 623 at Sharon Springs, the source of the North Fork Holston River. A low crossing of the Tennessee Valley Divide at about 2850 feet (869 m) takes SR 42 into the valleys formed by Walker Creek. After passing Effna, SR 42 joins U.S. Route 52 as that route comes down from its Big Walker Mountain crossing. SR 42 crosses Interstate 77 as it approaches Bland, and, in Bland, it meets State Route 98 and parts ways with US 52, still heading east-northeast near Walker Creek. SR 42 passes Point Pleasant and Crandon, and meets State Route 738 at Mechanicsburg, before crossing Kimberling Creek, a tributary of Walker Creek, and then entering Giles County.
SR 42 formerly turned north on SR 100, following Walker Creek northeast to Staffordsville. There it turned east on current State Route 730 (now connected to SR 100 via SR 750, an old alignment of SR 100), following some smaller brooks and passing over a summit on its way to Eggleston, where it crossed the New River. SR 730 continues through a rather hilly area from Eggleston to its end at U.S. Route 460, from which US 460 follows Sinking Creek past Maybrook to the next piece of SR 42 near Newport.
After entering Craig County, SR 42 passes the communities of Huffman, Simmonsville, and Sinking Creek, the creek with that name ending soon after. SR 42 then crosses a summit at 2704 feet (824 m) and begins to parallel Meadow Creek past Looney to Meadow Creek Falls, where it reaches its first twisty section. It descends through a gap between Sinking Creek Mountain and Johns Creek Mountain and down the slopes of Johns Creek Mountain into the town of New Castle, where it ends again at State Route 311. This descent takes it from 2570 feet (783 m) at Looney down to 1310 feet (399 m) in New Castle.
SR 42 once continued northeast on State Route 615, part of the way to U.S. Route 220 near Eagle Rock. (The gap was never completely filled, and part of SR 615 was State Route 43.) This route generally parallels Craig Creek, which takes the waters of Meadow Creek from New Castle into the James River at Eagle Rock. From Eagle Rock, which is in Botetourt County, U.S. Route 220 heads north, generally along the James River, to Cliftondale Park (east of Clifton Forge) in Allegheny County. There, US 220 joins Interstate 64/U.S. Route 60 to the west, but the old SR 42 heads east on old US 60 (State Route 670 and State Route 632) over a summit at about 1220 feet (372 m) to State Route 269.
The third - and longest - piece of SR 42 begins where old U.S. Route 60 becomes State Route 269. SR 42 begins by heading north, along with SR 269, to exit 29 of Interstate 64/US 60. There SR 269 ends, while SR 42 heads north-northeasterly, generally following the Cowpasture River past Nicelytown and into Bath County.
SR 42 continues near the Cowpasture River past Nimrod Hall to State Route 39 at Millboro Springs. It turns east with SR 39, rising from about 1300 feet (396 m) at Millboro Springs to about 1780 feet (543 m) near Hotchkiss. There the ground levels out, and the combined SR 39 and SR 42 continue east, paralleling Mill Creek into Rockbridge County at Panther Gap.
SR 39 and SR 42 continue to parallel Mill Creek from Panther Gap into Goshen, where SR 39 splits to the southwest and SR 42 turns northeast, crossing the Calfpasture River. It runs alongside some small creeks on its way to Bells Valley, and continues to follow small creeks into Augusta County.
SR 42 passes through Craigsville, Following the Little Calfpasture River from there past Augusta Springs and Mount Elliott Springs to Chapin. It crosses a summit of 2125 feet (648 m) at North Mountain and then follows Buffalo Branch through Buffalo Gap to the west end of State Route 254.
Once SR 42 passes through Buffalo Gap, the land is flatter, and the road heads cross-country, still in a north-northeasterly direction, past Churchville (where it crosses U.S. Route 250), Stover, Parnassus, Moscow, Mount Solon, and Mossy Creek.
SR 42 continues through Bridgewater, where State Route 257 joins it from the east, to Dayton. State Route 42 Business follows the old road through Dayton, and SR 257 leaves to the west, while State Route 290 crosses there. Then SR 42 enters the city of Harrisonburg on High Street. It passes straight through Harrisonburg from High Street across U.S. Route 33 (Market Street) onto Virginia Avenue, leaving the city to the north.
SR 42 continues in its north-northeasterly direction from Harrisonburg, passing Edom, Broadway (where it crosses State Route 259), and Timberville (where it weets the west end of State Route 211 and crosses the North Fork Shenandoah River, which also passes through Broadway).
At Forestville, SR 42 turns to the northwest until Getz Corner, where it again turns north-northeasterly. It passes Hudson Crossroads, Conicville, Davey Hill, and Columbia Furnace, where it meets State Route 675, formerly part of State Route 59 west into West Virginia. At Columbia Furnace, SR 42 curves to the east, using the old SR 59 past Harmony and Calvary and across Interstate 81 to its end at U.S. Route 11 and State Route 670 in southern Woodstock.
|Smyth||Broadford||0.00||0.00||SR 91 (Saltville Highway / Veterans Road) – Saltville, Tazewell|
|||9.59||15.43||SR 16 south (B.F. Buchanan Highway) – Marion||west end of SR 16 concurrency|
|||9.91||15.95||SR 16 north (B.F. Buchanan Highway) – Tazewell||east end of SR 16 concurrency|
|Bland||||33.17||53.38||US 52 south (South Scenic Highway) – Wytheville||west end of US 52 concurrency|
|||37.14||59.77||I-77 – Bluefield, Wytheville||Exit 52 (I-77)|
|Bland||SR 98 south (Main Street) / SR 1007 (Jefferson Street) – Bland CH||Northern terminus of SR 98|
|38.05||61.24||US 52 north (Main Street) – Bluefield, WV Turnpike||east end of US 52 concurrency|
|Mechanicsburg||SR 738 (Byrnes Chapel Road)||former SR 99 south|
|Giles||Poplar Hill||61.63||99.18||SR 100 (Pulaski Giles Turnpike) to I-81 – Pearisburg, Dublin|
|Gap in route|
SR 42 followed SR 730 through Eggleston until 1948
|||0.00||0.00||US 460 (Virginia Avenue) / SR 605 south (Spruce Run Road)|
|Craig||New Castle||29.43||47.36||SR 311 (Salem Avenue) / SR 615 east (Main Street)|
|Gap in route|
|Alleghany||||0.00||0.00||SR 269 east / SR 632 west (Longdale Furnace Road) – Sharon, Lexington||Southern end of SR 269 concurrency|
|||0.18||0.29||I-64 / US 60 – Covington, Lexington||Exit 29 (I-64); northern end of SR 269 concurrency|
|Bath||Millboro Springs||16.64||26.78||SR 39 west (Mountain Valley Road) – Warm Springs||Southern end of SR 39 concurrency|
SR 39 Alt. east (Main Street) – Lexington
|24.84||39.98||SR 39 east (Maury River Road) – Lexington||Northern end of SR 39 concurrency|
|Augusta||Buffalo Gap||46.05||74.11||SR 254 east (Parkersburg Turnpike) – Staunton||Western terminus of SR 254|
|Churchville||51.30||82.56||US 250 east (Churchville Avenue) – Staunton||Southern end of US 250 concurrency|
|51.77||83.32||US 250 west (Churchville Avenue) – Monterey||Northern end of US 250 concurrency|
|Stovers Shop||SR 728 (Stover Shop Road)||former SR 278 west|
|Moscow||SR 607 (Moscow Loop / Mount Solon Road) – Mount Solon, Spring Hill||former SR 252 south|
|||SR 646 (Fadley Road) to US 11||former SR 256 east|
|Rockingham||Bridgewater||68.11||109.61||SR 257 east (Dinkel Avenue) to I-81 – Mount Crawford, Bridgewater College||Southern end of SR 257 concurrency|
SR 257 west / SR 42 Bus. north (Mason Street) – Ottobine, Historic District
|Northern end of SR 257 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 42 Bus.|
|SR 290 (Huffman Drive) – Dayton Business District|
SR 42 Bus. south (Main Street)
|Northern terminus of SR 42 Bus.|
|City of Harrisonburg||75.54||121.57||US 33 (West Market Street)|
SR 259 Alt. east (Broadway Avenue) to US 11
|Southern end of SR 259 Alt. concurrency|
|88.73||142.80||SR 259 west (Lee Street) – West Virginia line||Northern end of SR 259 Alt. concurrency; southern end of SR 259 concurrency|
|89.15||143.47||SR 259 east (Timberway) / SR 801 (Holsinger Road) to I-81 south / US 11||Northern end of SR 259 concurrency|
|Timberville||90.54||145.71||SR 211 east (New Market Road) / SR 1517 (Fourth Street) to I-81 / US 11 – New Market|
|Shenandoah||Forestville||SR 614 (South Middle Road) / SR 767 (Quicksburg Road) to US 11 – Quicksburg||former SR 262 east|
|||102.88||165.57||SR 263 (Orkney Grade) – Basye, Orkney Springs, Mount Jackson|
|Columbia Furnace||SR 768 west (Union Church Road) to SR 675 / SR 623 – Saint Luke, Wolf Gap, Liberty Furnace, Jerome||former SR 59 west|
|Woodstock||118.60||190.87||I-81 – Strasburg, Edinburg||Exit 283 (I-81)|
|119.23||191.88||US 11 (South Main Street) / SR 670 (East Reservoir Road) – Woodstock, Edinburg|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
SR 42 BusinessEdit
State Route 42 Business is a former segment of SR 42 that was converted into a business route that runs through "downtown" Dayton. It begins westbound at the northern terminus of the SR 42/257 overlap, and turns north onto Main Street less than a block later. One block north of there, the road is briefly joined by SR 701 at Huffman Drive, then carries that concurrency for three more blocks, only for that road to branch off to the north onto College Street (SR 290). The route continues to run along the northwest side of SR 42 until it finally terminates at a poultry farm just north of town.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2014)
- "2009 Traffic Data". Virginia Department of Transportation. 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
- Smyth County (PDF)
- Bland County (PDF)
- Giles County (PDF)
- Craig County (PDF)
- Alleghany County and City of Covington (PDF)
- Bath County (PDF)
- Rockbridge County, City of Buena Vista, and City of Lexington (PDF)
- Augusta County, City of Staunton, and City of Waynesboro (PDF)
- Rockingham County and City of Harrisonburg (PDF)
- Shenandoah County (PDF)
- Google (2011-08-20). "Virginia State Route 42 (Broadford – Poplar Hill)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
- Google (2011-08-20). "Virginia State Route 42 (Newport – New Castle)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-08-20.
- Google (2011-08-20). "Virginia State Route 42 (Nicelytown–Woodstock" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2011-08-20.