Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Viramgam is a city, town and former princely state, in Ahmedabad district in the Indian state of Gujarat.

Viramgam
વીરમગામ
city
Munsar lake
Munsar lake
Viramgam is located in Gujarat
Viramgam
Viramgam
Location in Gujarat, India
Viramgam is located in India
Viramgam
Viramgam
Viramgam (India)
Coordinates: 23°07′N 72°02′E / 23.12°N 72.03°E / 23.12; 72.03Coordinates: 23°07′N 72°02′E / 23.12°N 72.03°E / 23.12; 72.03
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Ahmedabad
Founded by King Viramdev
Named for King Viramdev
Government
 • Type Municipality
 • Body Viramgam Municipality
Area
 • Total 19 km2 (7 sq mi)
Area rank 1'st Rank (with compare to other tehsil(taluka) of Ahmedabad)
Elevation 32 m (105 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 55,821
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Viramgami/amdavadi
Languages
 • Official Gujarati,Hindi,English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 382150
Telephone code 02715
Vehicle registration GJ-01/GJ-38
Sex ratio 0.93 /
Literacy rate 84.41%[2]
Website http://viramgamnagarpalika.org/

Contents

HistoryEdit

Around 1090, Minaldevi, the mother of Jayasimha Siddharaja of Chaulukya dynasty who ruled from Anhilwad Patan, commissioned the Mansar lake. Siddhraj added several shrines and temples later. Circa 1484, Viramgam state was founded. Under the strong Mandal chief, Viramgam did not become part of the Muslim Gujarat Sultanate till 1530. Commanding the entrance to Kathiawar, the Mughal governors chose it as the headquarters of the Jhalavad prant (district), and in the disturbances of the eighteenth century it was the scene of several struggles.[3]

Fortified by its Desai Shri (native Kunbi ruler) about 1730, it continued under a Muslim governor, till in 1735 the Desai, Bhavsingh, called in the Marathas who, dislodging the Muslim governor, held the town till 1740. In that year Bhavsingh, hoping to make himself independent, drove out the Marathas. But after four months they returned in strength, and Bhavsingh, unable to cope with them, on promise of the estate of Patdi, gave up Viramgam to become Desai Shri of Patdi State. Maratha ruled Virangam until it was handed over to British.[3]

 
Viramgam on map of Ahmedabad district, under Bombay Presidency, British India 1877

FortEdit

The old town of Viramgam is surrounded by a rectangular, towerflanked brick and stone wall, about 21 miles round. In the wall are five gates : on the north the Golwadi gate leading to Patan, on the north-east the Bharwadi gate leading to the railway station, on the east the Raipuri or Rayyapur gate leading to Ahmedabad, on the south-west the Gangasar gate, and on the west the Mansar or Munsar gate. There are also two unopened gateways on the north-west and north-east, and in the south face is a window through which water is drawn from the Gangasar lake. It was possibly built by Viramdev Desai around 1730.[3]

LakesEdit

The town is surrounded by three reservoirs, the Gangasar lake on the south-east and south, lying outside of the wall except a small portion known as the Gusaria lake; in the south-west beyond the Gangasar gate the Dhunia lake; and in the west the Mansar lake.[3]

Mansar lakeEdit

Mansar lake was built about 1090 by Minaldevi, the mother of Siddhraj Jaisinh. Formerly known as Mansarovar, now shortened into Mansar or Munsar lake is 220 yards round, shaped like the conch and is surrounded by flights of stone steps. Gathering from the west, the water passes into a stone-built eightsided silt-well, kund, with, in a niche in each side, a figure cut in bold relief. From the silt-well, through a stone-lined channel and a three-cylinder tunnel, the water passes into the lake. Over the tunnel is a large pyramid-roofed pavilion repaired by the Marathas, and made a temple of Bahuchar Mata, or, as she is locally called, Mansar Mata. Towards the north the steps round the lake are ruinous, and in several places broken roadways run down to the water's edge. Round the top of the steps runs a row of small spire-roofed shrines, many now wanting but once said to have numbered more than 300. In each shrine on one side of the lake is a pedestal, probably for an image of Krishna, and on the other side a round basin, jaladhar, probably sacred to Shiva. On either hand of one of the roadways that run to the water's edge, is a larger temple with double porch and spire and across the lake a flat roofed colonnade.[3][4]

Gangasar lakeEdit

The Gangasar lake is built eight hundred years ago by Sufi (Muslim mystic) saint Hazrat Alauddin Shah Chishty with help from Hazrat Islahuddin. He was born Hindu and his birth name was Gangu Vanjara. According to legend, he converted to Islam after watching miracles by Aladdin Shah. He built a lake at the request of Hazrat Aladdin Shah, which was named Gangasagar after his birth name Gangu Vanjara. The name later shortened to Gangasar.[3]

Historical and legendary referencesEdit

According to Dr Savliya - author of "Ancient lakes of Gujarat" - noted that one of the rooms on the Musar lake is having ancient writing of the person who build this lake. That is believed to be a proof according to which it seems like this lake was built by King Viramdev Vaghela. And in that writing, his wife's name is also there - Queen Sumla Devi.

According to another story, King Bhimdev II had given land on samvat 1295 of Ghusdi village (now known as Viramgam). That land is used for Musar lake. Still today there is Ghusdiya lake and Ghusdiya ground in Viramgam which proves that earlier Viramgam was known as Ghusdi.

According to another story, Barbara Bhut (Ghost) who was slave of King Siddhraj Jaysinh has build this lake in one night.

GeographyEdit

Viramgam is located at 23°07′N 72°02′E / 23.12°N 72.03°E / 23.12; 72.03.[5] It has an average elevation of 32 metres (104 feet).

Connectivity/TransportationEdit

AirEdit

The closest major airport to Viramgam is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (AMD / VAAH). This airport is in Ahmedabad, India and is 80 km from the center of Viramgam and provides connectivity with domestic flights to the Metropolitan and other major cities of India. It also provides many International flights from Ahmedabad to across the world.

RailEdit

Viramgam is well connected to other major cities of the country via regular trains. Railway Station(s): Viramgam Junction (VG)

 
Viramgam Railway Station

Viramgam used to be the point of intersection of BB & CI Railway and the Saurashtra Railway. Viramgam is at the intersection of four railway lines Ahmedabad-Viramgam; Viramgam-Surendranagar; Viramgam-Mehsana; and Viramgam-Dhrangdhra-Samakhyali lines. It is at the intersection of the routes splitting towards Kachchh and Saurashtra while travelling from Ahmedabad.

RoadEdit

Viramgam is connected to Ahmedabad, Kutch, Mumbai, New Delhi through the National Highway 947. The location is also connected to Saurashtra through the GJ SH 17.

BusEdit

Regular buses transit to Viramgam from other major cities of the country. Bus Station: Viramgam

Other industryEdit

There is a crude oil storage tank depot at Viramgam on the Salya-Mathura oil pipeline of the Indian Oil Corporation.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=539745
  2. ^ "Ahmedabad City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad (Public Domain text). Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 354–356. 
  4. ^ Shastri, Parth (27 September 2015). "ASI to renovate 2 Gujarat's ancient lakes". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  5. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/09/Viramgam.html". www.fallingrain.com.