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Prior to the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, the Yishuv was involved in several armed conflicts as part of the Intercommunal conflict in Mandatory Palestine:
- 1920 Nebi Musa riots – Arab riots against Jews in and around the Old City of Jerusalem.
- 1921 Jaffa riots – Arab riots against Jews in the city of Jaffa.
- 1929 Hebron–Safed riots – Arab demonstrations and riots against Jews in all Mandatory Palestine, whose major violent episodes took place in Hebron and Safed.
- 1933 Palestine riots – during massive Arab demonstrations and riots held in Mandatory Palestine the demonstrators attempted to break into the Jewish area of Jerusalem but were successfully dispersed by the British police forces.
- 1936–1939 Arab revolt – Arab violent uprising against mass Jewish immigration and British authorities.
- 1944–1947 Jewish insurgency – Violent events, which occurred between Revolt declaration by Irgun in February 1944 and the UN partition plan on 29 November 1947, when the British government policy of limiting Jewish immigration to Mandatory Palestine led to conflict between the British Empire and Zionist organizations in Mandatory Palestine, some of which resorted to armed revolt.
- 1947–1948 Civil War – This period constitutes the first phase of the 1947–1949 Palestine war, during which the Jewish and Arab communities of Palestine clashed.
|Combatant 1||Combatant 2||Combatant 3||Results|
|1920 Nebi Musa riots||-||Arab rioters incited by several leaders||United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||Creation of the Haganah|
|1921 Jaffa riots||-||Arab rioters||United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||Haycraft Commission of Inquiry, Churchill White Paper|
|1929 Hebron–Safed riots||Arab rioters incited by Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, Supreme Muslim Council||United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||Radicalization of both Jewish and Arab communities in Palestine, Shaw Report, Hope Simpson Royal Commission, Passfield white paper|
|1933 Palestine riots||-||Arab rioters||United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||The British police forces successfully dispersed the rioters.|
|1936–1939 Arab revolt||Jewish National Council Yishuv|| Arab Higher Committee (1936–October 1937)
Central Committee of National Jihad in Palestine (October 1937 – 1939)
| United Kingdom
Palestine Police Force
|Revolt suppressed, creation of the Irgun, White Paper of 1939 which seriously limited Jewish immigration and Jewish purchase of lands in Palestine|
|1944–1947 Jewish insurgency||United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||British withdrawal and independence of Israel|
|1947–1948 Civil War|| Army of the Holy War
Arab Liberation Army
|United Kingdom military forces in Palestine||1948 Palestinian exodus, Jewish exodus from Arab and Muslim countries and Israeli Declaration of Independence which led to the start of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War|