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Viola cucullata, the hooded blue violet, marsh blue violet or purple violet, is a species of the genus Viola native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland west to Ontario and Minnesota, and south to Georgia.[1]

Viola cucullata
Viola cucullata.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Violaceae
Genus: Viola
V. cucullata
Binomial name
Viola cucullata

It is a low-growing perennial herbaceous plant up to 20 cm (8 in) tall. The leaves form a basal cluster; they are simple, up to 10 cm (4 in) broad, with an entire margin and a long petiole. The flowers are violet, dark blue and occasionally white. with five petals. The fruit is a capsule 10–15 mm (3858 in) long, which splits into three sections at maturity to release the numerous small seeds.[2]


The purple violet is the provincial flower of New Brunswick.[3]

The purple violet is the official flower of the sorority Sigma Sigma Sigma.

The purple violet is also one of the official flowers of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity.


  1. ^ "Viola cucullata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 12 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Viola cucullata". Northern Ontario Plant Database.
  3. ^ Blanchan, Neltje (2005). Wild Flowers Worth Knowing. Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation.