Vincent C. Siew or Siew Wan-chang (Chinese: 蕭萬長; pinyin: Xiāo Wàncháng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Siau Bān-tiông; born 3 January 1939) is a Taiwanese politician who served as the Vice President of the Republic of China from 2008 to 2012. He was the first Taiwanese-born Premier of the Republic of China and former vice-chairman of the Kuomintang (KMT).
|Vice President of the Republic of China|
20 May 2008 – 20 May 2012
|Preceded by||Annette Lu|
|Succeeded by||Wu Den-yih|
|Vice Chairman of the Kuomintang|
18 June 2000 – 23 March 2005
|36th Premier of the Republic of China|
1 September 1997 – 20 May 2000
|Vice Premier||John Chiang|
|Preceded by||Lien Chan|
|Succeeded by||Tang Fei|
|Born||3 January 1939|
Kagi City, Tainan Prefecture, Japanese Taiwan (modern-day West District, Chiayi, Taiwan)
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Alma mater||National Chengchi University|
- 1 Early life
- 2 Political career
- 3 Ministry of Economic Affairs
- 4 Council for Economic Planning and Development
- 5 Mainland Affairs Council
- 6 ROC Premiership
- 7 ROC Vice Presidency
- 8 Post political career
- 9 Personal life
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Born in Chiayi City in the then Japanese colony of Taiwan on 3 January 1939, Siew graduated from Chiayi High School in 1957. In 1961, he graduated from the Department of Diplomacy at National Chengchi University (NCCU). After completing his conscription, he passed the Foreign Affairs Special Examination of 1962. He subsequently received his master's degree from the Graduate Institute of International Law and Diplomacy from NCCU in 1965. Although he was accepted to Harvard University, Siew chose to remain in Taiwan heeding his mother's wishes. He completed a leadership seminar at Georgetown University in the United States in 1982 and was awarded Eisenhower Fellowships in 1985.
In April 1966, he was appointed as vice consul at the ROC Consulate-General in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and promoted as consul in 1969, a position he held until 1972. During his office term, he built close relationship between Taiwan and the governments and people of Malaysia and Singapore. He also successfully negotiated the establishment of the Trade Mission of the Republic of China in Singapore and its counterpart Singapore Trade Office in Taipei.
After the switch of China seat at the United Nations on 25 October 1971 from Republic of China (ROC) to the People's Republic of China (PRC) and amid massive changes within the international community, Siew determined to return to Taiwan. Once home, be became a section chief at the Department of East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA).
He then joined the Board of Foreign Trade (BOFT) under the MOFA in 1972 which he rose from an inspector, department director until deputy director-general. He used to travel frequently between Taiwan and the United States (US) for bilateral trade agreement negotiation until the US switched diplomatic relations from ROC to PRC on 1 January 1979. In January 1982, he became the director-general of BOFT. During his office term, he worked towards simplifying laws and regulations, and also strengthening personnel management at the BOFT. To reduce the trade surplus between Taiwan and the US, he led trade missions to cover almost all US states as part of a campaign that drew considerable attention. He also participated in a number of additional trade missions to major trading nations to enhance economic and trade relations and resolve trade disputes. He vigorously promoted trade liberalization and globalization. He also authorized banks to process import-export permits, promoted professional training and introduced a rotating system for economic and trade representatives stationed outside Taiwan. His efforts helped build Taiwan's very substantial foreign-exchange reserves and made Taiwan the world's 13th largest trading nation.
As a member of the ruling Kuomintang (KMT), he was named to the Central Committee of KMT in July 1988.
Siew is the former chairman of the Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research (Siew submitted his resignation 24 June 2007 after his KMT vice-presidential nomination) and the incumbent Chairman of the Cross-Straits Common Market Foundation. He resigned as KMT vice chairman and all other posts in the party before the legislative election in December 2004. He was criticised by the Pan-Blue Coalition for not taking a greater role in the Lien-Soong campaign and acting as convener for a private group of economic advisers for President Chen Shui-bian.
Ministry of Economic AffairsEdit
With the appointment of new Premier on 1 June 1990, Siew was appointed as Minister of Economic Affairs. His appointment came at a time of problems with environment, stagnant investment and slow economic growth. Within six months, he managed to settle a five-year dispute with environmentalists that had been blocking Chinese Petroleum Corporation's construction of a fifth naphtha cracker plant. He also settled a yen-year dispute between local government and a community over the construction of Changbin Industrial Park. Moreover, he succeeded in persuading Formosa Plastics Corp to invest in a major construction project, the sixth naphtha cracker plant in Yunlin County. He also overcame a legislative freeze of the budget of the Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant in Taipei County.
During his overall office term in the ministry, Siew promoted major investment programs, removed investment barriers, enhanced investment incentives and initiated the privatization of such state enterprises as China Steel, BES Engineering and China Petrochemical Development. He also eased government controls on cross-strait trade and investments. He led a delegation to Europe, Central America and South America to explore opportunities for international economic and trade cooperation which also contributed to the promotion of trade diplomacy.
1991 and 1992 APECEdit
In November 1991, Siew represented ROC, under the name Chinese Taipei, for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) held in Seoul, South Korea. In November 1992, he again represented Chinese Taipei for APEC in Bangkok, Thailand. After a series of negotiations, he managed to secure ROC, under the name Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, as an observer member.
Council for Economic Planning and DevelopmentEdit
CEPD Vice ChairmanshipEdit
In 1988-1989, he was appointed as the Vice Chairman of Council for Economic Planning and Development (CEPD) in which during his office term, he promoted major infrastructure projects, such as the straightening of Keelung River, the placement of Taipei City rail lines underground, the construction of the East-West Highway, the diversion of Chichi River and the expansion of Kaohsiung International Airport.
In February 1993, Siew was appointed as the Chairman of CEPD. In June 1993, he announced his economic stimulus package aiming at promoting steady economic growth, as Taiwan's economy was at that time experiencing stagnant export growth and production levels. In August 1993, he completed a review of the Six-Year National Development Plan of the ROC and assigned priorities to projects on the basis of availability of resources and the maintenance of financial stability. In July 1994, he undertook major administrative reform with the introduction of a program to streamline bidding procedures for public construction projects and government procurement. He also initiated a program to develop Taiwan into an operation center for the Asia-Pacific region.
1993 and 1994 APECEdit
As the Chairman, he represented President Lee Teng-hui, who was forbidden to attend personally, at the 1993 and 1994 annual APEC leaders' summits held in November 1993 and November 1994 at Seattle, United States and Bogor, Indonesia respectively. At both meetings, he presented papers on Taiwan's successful experience in the development of agriculture and small and medium-sized enterprises. The action plans proposed in the papers won the approval of APEC support and helped promote Taiwan in the international trade and investment arenas.
Mainland Affairs CouncilEdit
On 15 December 1994, Siew was appointed to become the Minister of Mainland Affairs Council replacing Huang Kun-huei. During his office term, he proposed a fresh series of measures and actions to relax restrictions on trade with and investment in Mainland China to encourage the development of Cross-Strait relations through trade and investment activities.
Taiwan's nuclear waste storage in Mainland ChinaEdit
Premier Siew instructed Taiwan Power Company to sign the unpublished agreement with Mainland China regarding Taiwan's nuclear waste storage in Gansu province. A memorandum of it was signed during his term as Premier, although it was later suspended after the transfer of power in 2000 to Premier Tang Fei.
2000 presidential electionEdit
On 18 March 2000, Siew joined the 2000 presidential election as a candidate for vice president with his running mate Lien Chan. However, Siew and Lien lost the election to Chen Shui-bian and Annette Lu of the Democratic Progressive Party.
|2000 Republic of China Presidential Election Result|
|President||Vice President||Total votes||Percentage|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Chen Shui-bian||Annette Lu||4,977,737||39.3%|
|Independent||James Soong||Chang Chau-hsiung||4,664,932||36.8%|
|Kuomintang||Lien Chan||Vincent Siew||2,925,513||23.1%|
|Independent||Hsu Hsin-liang||Josephine Chu||79,429||0.63%|
|New Party||Li Ao||Elmer Fung||16,782||0.13%|
|Total||12,786,671||82.69% voter turnout|
ROC Vice PresidencyEdit
2008 ROC vice presidential electionEdit
In May 2007, Siew was mentioned as a possible running mate for KMT presidential nominee Ma Ying-Jeou.  This speculation came to fruition after Legislative Yuan Speaker Wang Jin-pyng declined Ma's offer to be his running mate. On 23 June 2007, ending weeks of speculation, Ma formally introduced Siew to be his vice-presidential running mate.  The 2008 run is Siew's second ticket, having been selected also as the vice-presidential candidate of Lien Chan's KMT ticket in 2000.
|Kuomintang||Ma Ying-Jeou||Vincent Siew||7,659,014||58.45%|
|Democratic Progressive Party||Frank Hsieh||Su Tseng-Chang||5,444,949||41.55%|
2008 Boao Forum for AsiaEdit
On 11 April 2008, Vincent Siew departed Taiwan to attend the Boao Forum for Asia, held in Boao, Hainan, which is administered by mainland China. Siew is a founding delegate of the forum from 2001, and he attended once again in his capacity as chairman of the Cross-Straits Common Market Foundation. Siew had met with Chinese president Hu Jintao in Bo'ao in 2001. However, his special status as the vice president-elect in 2008 made his attendance more significant, but also more controversial in Taiwan. His meeting with Hu Jintao was the highest level exchange between Taiwan and mainland China since the 2005 Pan-Blue visits to mainland China. The level of reception for Siew in Hainan was scaled accordingly and was equivalent to that reserved for Lien Chan in 2005.
On 12 April 2008, Vincent Siew met with Hu Jintao at the Boao Asia Forum as part of the Cross-Strait Common Market Foundation delegation, which also included other former and future government officials and business leaders from Taiwan. At the meeting, Siew and Hu exchanged their optimism for cross-strait relations under the new Taiwanese leadership of Ma Ying-jeou and Vincent Siew. Hu asked Siew to convey his greetings to Ma Ying-jeou, Kuomintang chairman Wu Po-hsiung and chairman emeritus Lien Chan. Siew raised the issue of regular cross-strait flights and the resumption of regular talks between the two governments, propositions to which Hu expressed agreement.
Vice presidency sworn-inEdit
First overseas trip as Vice PresidentEdit
On 4 September 2008, Siew embarked on his first overseas trip as Vice President, visiting Swaziland for a four days. Siew's trip aimed to cement further the diplomatic ties between the two countries, and to celebrate King Mswati III's fortieth birthday. Foreign Minister Francisco Ou accompanied Siew on the trip.
2012 vice presidency electionEdit
Siew declined to run for a second term in Ma's 2012 re-election bid. Ma, instead, nominated Premier Wu Den-yih for the Vice Presidential slot on the ticket.
Post political careerEdit
2014 Boao Forum for AsiaEdit
Siew, in his capacity as the honorary chairman of the Cross-Straits Common Market Foundation, attended the Boao Forum for Asia held in April 2014 in Hainan where he met with Premier Li Keqiang. He reiterated the intention of Taiwan to join the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. He also told Li that Taiwan and Mainland China should push for greater bilateral trade liberalization to build a comprehensive economic relationship and express Taiwan's wish to join the regional economy.
2014 APEC ChinaEdit
In November 2014 in his capacity of the Economic Leader of Chinese Taipei, Siew flew to Beijing to attend the APEC China 2014 where he met with Chinese Leader Xi Jinping at the Great Hall of the People. Both leaders agreed that there should be no changes in the 1992 Consensus and two other principles in pushing forward with the development of cross-Strait relations. Xi said that although relations of both sides have seen some progress over the past few years, there had been also some new problems. He added that the two sides should try to maintain the long-term and healthy development of relation by improving the confidence, mutual trust, respect and interaction. Part of Siew delegation included Mainland Affairs Council Minister Wang Yu-chi and several Taiwanese business people.
Siew is married to Susan Chu (Chinese: 朱俶賢; pinyin: Zhū Chùxián; Wade–Giles: Chu1 Ch'u4-hsien2) with three daughters: Ru-ting (蕭如婷), Ru-fen (蕭如芬) and Jhih-you (蕭至佑). Susan is a graduate from the Department of International Trade of National Chengchi University.
Siew's constant smile has earned him the affectionate nickname "Smiling Siew" (微笑老蕭).
- "Vincent Siew". Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan). Retrieved 2012-01-14.
- 蕭萬長副總統賀新春(臺語版) (in Min Nan Chinese). Radio Taiwan International. 20 January 2012. Event occurs at 0:19 – via YouTube.
- 赴博鰲論壇 蕭：我是來交朋友的 (Attending Bo'ao Forum; Siew says: I am here to make friends)
- "Historic China-Taiwan talks held". BBC News. April 12, 2008.
- "Ma takes office in Taiwan, pledging to boost ties with China but rejecting unification", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), May 20, 2008.
- "Taiwan vice president heads to Swaziland to cement ties", Earth Times, Sep 4, 2008.
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| Economic Affairs Minister of the Republic of China
| Premier of the Republic of China
| Vice President of the Republic of China