Vinaya Patrika

VinayaPatrika (Letter of petition[1]) is a devotional poem composed by the 16th-century Indian poet, Goswami Tulsidas (c. 1532 – c. 1623), containing hymns to different Hindu deities especially to Lord Rama in extreme humility (Vinaya).[2]

Picture of Tulsidas published in the Ramcharitmanas, 1949.

The language of the text is Braj Bhasha.[1]

Vinaya Patrika is an important work of medieval Hindi Literature and Bhakti movement.

OriginEdit

According to Swami Yatiswarananda, when Kaal—the embodiment of evil—threatened to devour Tulsidas, he prayed to Hanuman who appeared to him in a dream. Hanuman advised him to file a petition to Rama to remedy the evil, and that was the origin of the Vinaya-Patrika.”[3]

StructureEdit

Vinaya Patrika has been written as a petition against the six passions (Lust, Wrath, Greed, Inebriation, Attachments, Ego) and nine vices (Violence, Falsehood, Pride, Envy, Strife, Suspicion, Jealousy, Rivalry and Covetousness) of Kali Yuga, the plaintiff is Tulsidas himself, though he represents the entire humanity. The judges addressed are Lord Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, Bharat and Shatrughan.[4]

It also comprises popular devotional hymns (Stutis) to various Hindu Gods, like Ganesha, Surya, Devi, Ganga, Hanuman, Sita, Rama and also the city of Kashi.[5] The book has now been translated into many languages, including English (Translator: F. R. Allchin) [6] Hindi translation (Translator: Gita Press) you can read at vedicaim [7]

Popular hymns from Vinaya PatrikaEdit

  • Shri Ramchandra Kripalu Bhajman (Rama)
  • Gaiye Ganpati Jagbandan (Ganesha)
  • Jai Jai Jagjanani Devi (Kali)
  • Jai Jai Bhagrathnandini (Ganga)[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Lochtefeld 2002, p. 754.
  2. ^ "The Poet Saint Tulsidas Upendra Chandra Dutta". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  3. ^ "Tulsidas by Swami Yatiswarananda". Archived from the original on 2007-08-11. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  4. ^ "GENESIS OF THE PLAINT". Archived from the original on 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  5. ^ "Stuti Vinay Patrika". Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2007-10-25.
  6. ^ "Petition to Ram - Unesco". Archived from the original on 2016-07-16. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  7. ^ "Vinay Patrika". Archived from the original on 2018-07-17. Retrieved 2019-04-28.
  8. ^ "Vinay Patrika website, Kashi Hindu Vishwavidhyalaya". Archived from the original on 2006-11-28. Retrieved 2007-10-25.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit