Vimercate (Italian pronunciation: [vimerˈkaːte]; Brianzöö: Vimercaa [ʋimerˈkaː]) is a city and comune in the province of Monza and Brianza, Lombardy, northern Italy. It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Milan and 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Monza.
|Città di Vimercate|
|Coordinates: 45°37′N 9°22′E / 45.617°N 9.367°E|
|Province||Monza and Brianza (MB)|
|Frazioni||Ruginello, Oldaniga, Oreno, Velasca|
|• Mayor||Francesco Sartini|
|• Total||20.67 km2 (7.98 sq mi)|
|Elevation||194 m (636 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Saint Stephen|
|Saint day||3 August|
Its name (whose first finding dates back to the year 745) derives from the Latin Vicus Mercati, which later became Vicus Mercatum and then Vimercato, the ancient form of Vimercate, used up until the 19th century. It means "market village", since Vimercate was an active trade center.
The city was founded by the Romans on the banks of the river Molgora, and it originally was a Roman castrum (a military camp). Unfortunately the ancient castrum did not survive to our days, since it was destroyed in the Middle Ages during the various invasions of the Italian peninsula. Yet, given that since the Roman age the city has kept on growing and evolving, several monuments and artifacts have been built over the course of history and are present to these days, starting from the ancient San Rocco Bridge, originally built by the Romans in the 3rd century, to the Collegiate Church of Saint Stephen, consecrated in 1272, and the more recent Villa Gallarati Scotti of the 17th century.
In 1950 Vimercate received the title of “Città” and in 2009 the city was awarded with the “Medaglia d’argento al merito civile” for the role played during the resistance against Fascism.
Saint Francis Convent (Banfi House)Edit
A hostel at the site was founded in 1052, just outside the walls of medieval Vimercate, offering refuge and assistance to travellers and pilgrims. In the first half of the 13th century Franciscan friars from the nearby monastery in Oreno, traditionally believed to have been visited by Saint Francis himself, founded the new Franciscan monastery under the "Custody of Monza". During the 13th century it increased in importance and was occupied by Lectors and Maestri.
In one of the frescoes in the convent is an ornament (circa 1311) showing the coats of arms of the Visconti and Della Torre families. The date is the time when a truce between the two families was signed on Epiphany of that year. The truce between the two Milanese families was guaranteed by Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1456 Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, provided a special grant with an annual offering of fifty florins, founding the Cappellania di San Francesco (Chapter of the Chapel of Saint Francis) in the church.
In 1798 the monastery, suppressed by the Cisalpine Republic, was purchased in 1799 by the Feudal Mayor of Vimercate, Dr. Giuseppe Banfi. He conceded the use of the monastery to the six remaining friars, supporting them for life. Afterwards he transformed the monastery into a residence. Since then the Banfi family has owned the site.
In different areas of the monastery there are some fragments of frescos, which, even if quite small, make it possible to distinguish two subsequent attempts at decorating the church during the first half of the fourteenth century, evidence of the prestige of the monastery in that period.
- San Rocco Bridge (Ponte di San Rocco, 3rd century), the oldest still-functioning Roman bridge in northern Italy. In the Middle Ages it received two gates.
- Collegiate Church of Saint Stephen (Collegiata di Santo Stefano, 10th century)
- Sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin (Santuario della Beata Vergine del Rosario). The church was erected in the 17th century and is famous for a miracle: during the plague of the year 1630, the statue of the Virgin Mary came to life and blessed the city; from that day the plague in Vimercate ended.
- Palazzo Trotti. The building dates back to 17th century and belonged to the Trotti family until 1862, when it was bought by the municipality of Vimercate. It has 18th-century paintings by Giuseppe Antonio Felice Orelli.
- Villa Sottocasa (late 18th century). This villa hosted King Victor Emmanuel II for three years.
The area of Oreno has maintained its medieval look with an 11th-century monastery, Saint Michael's Church and the stately homes Villa Gallarati Scotti and Villa Borromeo.
The town has more new developments such as the Torri Bianche skyscrapers which host a 16 screen cinema, a shopping arcade and many county offices plus the new Central Bus Station designed by Mario Botta in 1998, which serves the area and has many facilities.
On the east side of the city rises the "Centro Scolastico Omnicomprensivo", a scholastic centre, which is known for the quality and high standards of the "Licei" (High Schools). Particularly renowned is the Scientific and Classic Liceo "Antonio Banfi". Within the communal borders there are many parks, used for concerts and shows.
Vimercate received the honorary title of city with a presidential decree on June 28, 1950.
- Emis Killa (1989), rapper
- Matteo Morandi (1981), gymnast, 2012 Olympic bronze medalist on still rings
- Salaì, (1480-1524), artist and pupil of Leonardo da Vinci.
- ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- ^ Data from Istat
- ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- ^ a b c d Penati, Luigi (1957). VIMERCATE- raccolta di notizie storiche. Vimercate: Tipografia Luigi Penati e Figli.
- ^ a b c Carini Inzaghi, Giuse (2009). Portiamoci a Vimercate. Vimercate: Arti Grafiche Mattavelli.
- ^ "La Città di Vimercate". www.comune.vimercate.mb.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2021-06-14.
- ^ "HISTORY". conventosanfrancesco.it.
- Official website
- Mirabilia Vicomercati Art and History
- Oreno di Vimercate website
- MUST Museum