Vilnius Mint

The Vilnius Mint (Lithuanian: Vilniaus monetų kalykla) was the main mint of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania which produced coins in Vilnius from 1387 to 1666 (with breaks).[1] Many of the coins minted in the Vilnius Mint had privy marks of the Grand Treasurer of Lithuania (coat of arms and initials).[2]

Vilnius Mint
TypeCoin mint
IndustryCoin production
Founded1387; 635 years ago (1387)
Defunct1666
HeadquartersVilnius, Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Area served
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
ProductsCoins
OwnerGrand Duke of Lithuania

HistoryEdit

The mints of gold and copper operated separately. In 1546, the mint was located on the present-day Vokiečių Street. Later, in the territory of Vilnius Lower Castle there were gold and, in the second half of the 17th century, copper mints. The mint was managed by a governor, who was assisted by a clerk (he took care of the acquisition, issuance, accounting, checked the quality of coins), other positions in the mint were: a money craftsman (he was responsible for the production of coins), a assayer, a stamps engraver, a bleacher, and money struckers.[1]

The rent of the mint was practiced since the time of Grand Duke Stephen Báthory. Initially, it depended on the number of coins minted, from the time of Grand Duke Sigismund III Vasa an additional amount of determined sum of money was paid (700-800 gold coins; the amount increased if the mint was leased).[1]

The Vilnius Mint was closed in 1666 and the coins were not minted anymore in the Lithuanian territory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Vilniaus monetų kalykla". vle.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Monetų kalyklos Lietuvoje". pinigumuziejus.lt (in Lithuanian). Retrieved 27 February 2021.