The city hall
|Metropolis||Metropolis of Lyon|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jean-Paul Bret (PS)|
|14.52 km2 (5.61 sq mi)|
|• Density||10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||165–189 m (541–620 ft) |
(avg. 181 m or 594 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
It is situated northeast of Lyon, with which it forms the heart of the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris. Villeurbanne is the second-largest city in the metropolitan area and the 20th most populated. In 2013, Villeurbanne was elected the city with the best administration of France, which attracts more and more people.
The current location of downtown Villeurbanne is known to have been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC. Its current name comes from a Gallo-Roman farming area, established at about the same time as Lyon (then Lugdunum) and known as the Villa Urbana ("town house"). It would then become Urbanum, then Villa Urbane and, ultimately, Villeurbanne.
Villeurbanne has belonged to the kingdom of France since 1349. It was then separated from Lyon by the river La Rize, a former branch of the Rhône River.
Until the 19th century, the city was merely a patchwork of distinct villages separated by fields and undeveloped land. These villages have mostly survived, and nowadays form the neighborhoods of Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc.
With the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry was the first to bloom, followed by mechanical and chemical ones. The factories lured in numerous immigrants, most notably from Italy. Transforming from a rural community to an industrial town, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s. From 3,000 inhabitants in 1928, its population rocketed to 82,000 in 1931. Mayor Lazare Goujon (elected 1924) engaged the city in a vast public works initiative. Arguably the most visible heritage of this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up of two Art Deco towers and annex smaller buildings, lining up along the Avenue Henri Barbusse. These structures are the work of architect Môrice Leroux, and one of the most notable Art Deco structures in France. Having undergone thorough renovation, the 19-story twin towers have become an emblem of the city.
From the beginning of the 20th century, the territory of Villeurbanne is coveted by industrialists Lyon, because it brings together all the conditions favorable to their activities: transport of men and goods, the water required by industry textiles, cheap land that is now lacking in Lyon, and energy essential to the smooth running of their establishments. Until 1914, the textile industry is predominant (weaving, dyeing, finishing) with often a specialization by district: tullistes in Charmettes, spinning in CroixLuizet, ferrandiers along the Rize. After 1918, activities diversify. The establishment of the hydroelectric plant at the beginning of the century attracts industries related to the distribution of electrical energy, including Delle installed in Villeurbanne in 1916. The crisis of the 1930s and the technical evolutions gradually make textile disappear in favor of the mechanical and electrical constructions, the leather industry and factories dyes, varnishes, rubber and perfumes. 
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Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
Public senior high schools:
- Lycée Faÿs
- Lycée Alfred de Musset
- Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne
- Lycée Pierre Brossolette
- Lycée Magenta
- Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception is a private school from elementary to high school/sixth-form with three campuses, two elementary and one secondary.
- École Beth Menahem (a Jewish school from preschool to senior high/sixth-form)
Colleges and universitiesEdit
Many colleges and universities of the Lyon metropolitan area are located in Villeurbanne. Many of these are located on the La Doua campus, home to the Claude Bernard University (Lyon I), a public university, CPE Lyon and the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, one of the premier engineering institute (Grandes écoles) in France, very well known for high quality education and for research not only in France, but in the whole world.
The Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises (ADLCJ; リヨン補習授業校 Riyon Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Maison Berty Albrecht in Villeurbanne. It was formed in 1987.
Villeurbanne is well served by the Lyon area public transit system, the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais). The east branch of subway line A runs through the city heart, and the new tramway lines T1 and T4 connects the La Doua campus to the Lyon business and commercial district of La Part-Dieu and the Presqu'île downtown.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
Villeurbanne is twinned with:
|From 1962, the number here is the population without double counting|
Sources : Cassini-LDH of the EHESS and Insee 
In terms of number of inhabitants, the city of Villeurbanne is the second city of the Metropolis of Lyon, the fourth city of the region Rhône-Alpes, the 27th city of France.
The list of notable native Villeurbannais includes:
- Mourad Benhamida, French footballer, 18 January 1986
- Henry Bertrand, silk weaver
- Xavier Chavalerin, midfielder, 7 March 1991
- Henri Cochet, French tennis player, 4 December 1901 (†1987)
- Charles Hernu, French politician, mayor of Villeurbanne (1977-1990)
- Florent Manaudou, French swimmer, 12 November 1990
- Laure Manaudou, French swimmer, world record holder, 9 October 1986
- Gnonsiane Niombla, handball player
- Jean-Karl Vernay, French race car driver, 31 October 1987
- José Vespasien, basketball player
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- "Villes et communes de France − Tableaux de l'économie française | Insee". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 2019-08-28.
- Mairie Villeurbanne. "Villeurbanne The Laborieuse Exhibition Journal". Retrieved 2019-08-19.
- Home. Lycée Faÿs. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Alfred de Musset. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Pierre Brossolette. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home. Lycée Magenta. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home page. Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- Home page. Ecole Beth Menahem. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
- "欧州の補習授業校一覧（平成25年4月15日現在）" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "Maison Berty Albrecht 14, Place Grandclement, 69100 Viueurbanne, FRANCE"
- Home page. Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises. Retrieved on May 12, 2006.
- "Embassy of France in Moscow". Archived from the original on 2011-12-12. Retrieved 2009-01-30.
- "Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui" (in French). École des hautes études en sciences sociales. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Recensement de la population au 1er janvier 2012" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 3 February 2012.