Villeneuve-sur-Yonne

Villeneuve-sur-Yonne is a commune in the Yonne department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in north-central France.

Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Sketch of the gate to the city by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
Sketch of the gate to the city by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc
Coat of arms of Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Coat of arms
Location of Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne is located in France
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Coordinates: 48°05′34″N 3°17′40″E / 48.0928°N 3.2945°E / 48.0928; 3.2945Coordinates: 48°05′34″N 3°17′40″E / 48.0928°N 3.2945°E / 48.0928; 3.2945
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentYonne
ArrondissementSens
CantonVilleneuve-sur-Yonne
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Nadège Naze[1]
Area
1
40.00 km2 (15.44 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
5,179
 • Density130/km2 (340/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
89464 /89500
Elevation68–206 m (223–676 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It is surrounded by a partly intact wall, built during the 12th century, which was one of the 8 residences of the French kings.

GeographyEdit

The city lies on the bank of the river Yonne, between the cities of Sens and Joigny.

HistoryEdit

The city was founded in 1163 by Louis VII of France to protect the kingdom of France at the boundary of the Champagne. In 1204 King Philip II Augustus held parliament in the city, and Louis IX resided in the city before departing for the Eighth Crusade. In 1594 the city was burnt down. During the French Revolution the name was changed from le-Roi (the king) to sur-Yonne (on the Yonne). In 1870 a memorial for the dead was designed by the sculptor Émile Peynot. The city was governed from 1927 till 1931 by the infamous mayor Marcel Pétiot, who was guillotined in 1946, convicted of 26 killings.

DemographyEdit

The inhabitants are called Villeneuviens.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,605—    
1800 4,885+0.85%
1806 5,007+0.41%
1821 4,765−0.33%
1831 4,966+0.41%
1836 5,199+0.92%
1841 4,525−2.74%
1846 5,357+3.43%
1851 5,206−0.57%
1856 5,025−0.71%
1861 5,018−0.03%
1866 4,952−0.26%
1872 5,095+0.48%
1876 5,084−0.05%
1881 5,010−0.29%
1886 5,127+0.46%
1891 5,117−0.04%
1896 4,877−0.96%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 4,768−0.45%
1906 4,666−0.43%
1911 4,451−0.94%
1921 3,937−1.22%
1926 4,099+0.81%
1931 4,256+0.75%
1936 4,107−0.71%
1946 4,321+0.51%
1954 4,404+0.24%
1962 4,365−0.11%
1968 4,451+0.33%
1975 4,764+0.98%
1982 4,980+0.64%
1990 5,054+0.18%
1999 5,404+0.75%
2007 5,294−0.26%
2012 5,326+0.12%
2017 5,219−0.41%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Villeneuve-sur-Yonne
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6
(43)
8
(46)
12
(54)
15
(59)
20
(68)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
22
(72)
16
(61)
10
(50)
7
(45)
16
(61)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
1
(34)
4
(39)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(54)
14
(57)
14
(57)
11
(52)
8
(46)
4
(39)
2
(36)
7
(45)
Average rainfall cm (inches) 3.78
(1.49)
3.71
(1.46)
2.96
(1.17)
4.12
(1.62)
4.32
(1.70)
4.14
(1.63)
4.12
(1.62)
3.54
(1.39)
4.1
(1.6)
5.07
(2.00)
4.81
(1.89)
4.21
(1.66)
48.88
(19.23)
Source: [5]

Main sightsEdit

 
Porch of Notre-Dame de l'Assomption
  • Two main entrance gates to the city, Gate of Sens and Gate of Joigny. The Gate of Joigny or Porte de Joigny was rebuilt in the 16th century; the Gate of Sens, or Porte de Sens, predates it by three hundred years and is similar in appearance.[6]
  • Gothic and Renaissance Church Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (Our Lady of Assumption).
  • City market built during the 19th century by Paul Sédille.
  • La Lucarne aux Chouettes or The Owls' Nest restaurant which was run by Leslie Caron, serving Burgundy specialities. The old dilapidated boathouse was bought by her in 1990 on the suggestion of Jean Renoir.[7]
  • A Neolithic menhir situated on the bank of the river, in the locality called Pierre-Fritte or Plaine-des-Egriselles.[8]

Sister and twin citiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villeneuve-sur-Yonne, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ "weather.uk.msn.com". Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  6. ^ "au-chateau.com". Archived from the original on 2007-03-20. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  7. ^ "Newsday.com". Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  8. ^ Base Mérimée: Menhir, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)

External linksEdit