Villefranche-sur-Saône

Villefranche-sur-Saône (US: /ˌvl(ə)ˈfrɒ̃ʃ sʊər ˈsn/,[2] French: [vilfʁɑ̃ʃ syʁ son] (About this soundlisten); Arpitan: Velafranche) is a commune in the Rhône department in eastern France.

Villefranche-sur-Saône
Velafranche  (Arpitan)
A general view of Villefranche-sur-Saône
A general view of Villefranche-sur-Saône
Coat of arms of Villefranche-sur-Saône
Location of Villefranche-sur-Saône
Villefranche-sur-Saône is located in France
Villefranche-sur-Saône
Villefranche-sur-Saône
Villefranche-sur-Saône is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Villefranche-sur-Saône
Villefranche-sur-Saône
Coordinates: 45°59′00″N 4°43′00″E / 45.9833°N 4.7167°E / 45.9833; 4.7167Coordinates: 45°59′00″N 4°43′00″E / 45.9833°N 4.7167°E / 45.9833; 4.7167
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentRhône
ArrondissementVillefranche-sur-Saône
CantonVillefranche-sur-Saône
IntercommunalityVillefranche-Beaujolais-Saône
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Thomas Ravier
Area
1
9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
36,288
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Caladois
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69264 /69400
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

It lies 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the river Saône, and is around 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Lyon. The inhabitants of the town are called Caladois.

HistoryEdit

Villefranche-sur-Saône was founded in 1212 by Guichard IV, count of Beaujeu (Arpitan: Bôjor/Biôjœr), and became in the 14th century the capital of the Beaujolais (Arpitan: Biôjolês) province.[3] It endured three sieges in the 15th and 16th centuries. The town walls were taken down early in the 19th century.

PopulationEdit

The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Villefranche-sur-Saône proper, in its geography at the given years. The commune of Villefranche-sur-Saône absorbed the former communes of Béligny and Ouilly (partly) in 1853.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 4,706—    
1800 4,374−1.04%
1806 5,095+2.58%
1821 5,250+0.20%
1831 6,460+2.10%
1836 7,533+3.12%
1841 6,848−1.89%
1846 7,064+0.62%
1851 7,769+1.92%
1856 11,686+8.51%
1861 11,650−0.06%
1866 12,469+1.37%
1872 12,170−0.40%
1876 12,485+0.64%
1881 13,074+0.93%
1886 12,518−0.87%
1891 12,928+0.65%
1896 13,627+1.06%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 14,793+1.66%
1906 16,031+1.62%
1911 16,388+0.44%
1921 16,588+0.12%
1926 17,339+0.89%
1931 18,188+0.96%
1936 18,871+0.74%
1946 20,017+0.59%
1954 21,703+1.02%
1962 24,516+1.54%
1968 26,338+1.20%
1975 30,341+2.04%
1982 28,881−0.70%
1990 29,542+0.28%
1999 30,647+0.41%
2007 33,840+1.25%
2012 36,241+1.38%
2017 36,857+0.34%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

EconomyEdit

Industries include wine-trading, metallurgy, textiles, and chemicals.

TransportEdit

The Autoroute du Sud (the principal road from Paris to the south of France) is adjacent to the east of the town, running alongside the Saône.

BuildingsEdit

The church of Notre-Dame des Marais, begun at the end of the 14th and finished in the 16th century, has a tower and spire (rebuilt in 1862), standing to the right of the 15th century façade, in which are carved wooden doors.[3]

SportEdit

FC Villefranche Beaujolais is based in the town.

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Villefranche-sur-Saône is twinned with:[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Villefranche". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Villefranche-sur-Saône". Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 77.
  4. ^ a b Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villefranche-sur-Saône, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Comité des associations de jumelage de Villefranche". villefranche.net (in French). Villefranche-sur-Saône. Retrieved 2021-04-13.

External linksEdit