Vilho Annala

Vilho Annala (17 January 1888 – 28 July 1960) was a Finnish civil servant, economist and far right politician.

Vilho Annala
Vilho Annala.jpg
Minister of Transport and Public Works
In office
4 January 1941 – 5 March 1943
Preceded byKarl-Erik Ekholm
Succeeded byToivo Ikonen
Personal details
Vilho Annala

(1888-01-17)January 17, 1888
DiedJuly 28, 1960(1960-07-28) (aged 72)
Political partyLapua Movement, Patriotic People's Movement
Spouse(s)Inez Mirjam Wink
Alma materUniversity of Helsinki

Early yearsEdit

Annala was born in Lapua, and first came to prominence as a student at the University of Helsinki, where he edited the student union newspaper Ylioppilaslehti from 1916 to 1919.[1] He went on to work for the Bureau of Statistics, whilst serving on the editorial staff of the conservative daily Uusi Suomi.[1] He gained a doctorate in 1932 and became one of Finland's leading civil servants.[1]


Annala joined the Lapua Movement and became Helsinki District Chairman in February 1931.[1] Ideologically Annala was heavily influenced by the corporatism of Italian fascism.[2] He supported the co-opting of the working classes into the Lapua Movement and opposed the influence of wealthy industrialists.[1]

In April 1932 Annala joined Herman Gummerus and Erkki Räikkönen in founding the Patriotic People's Movement (IKL) and he served as caucus chairman from 1936 to 1944.[1] Between 1933 and 1945 he also represented the party in the Parliament of Finland.[1] Whilst the official leader was Vihtori Kosola real control of the movement rested with Annala and his close lieutenant Bruno Salmiala.[3] It was Annala who dictated the policy of the movement although his hard-line views led to condemnation by both the government and the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland that damaged the group.[1] Annala held the post of Minister of Transport in the unity government of Johan Wilhelm Rangell from 1941 to 1943.[4] This however was a last throw for the IKL as the group faded soon afterwards and Annala left politics.[1]

Later yearsEdit

With his political career over Annala became an academic back at the University of Helsinki.[1] He served there as the professor of political economy 1951–57.[5] He died in Helsinki, aged 72.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Philip Rees, Biographical Dictionary of the Extreme Right Since 1890, 1990, p. 11
  2. ^ P. Davies & D. Lynch, Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right, 2002, p. 196
  3. ^ F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, London: Methuen & Co, 1974, p. 168
  4. ^ Roger Griffin & Matthew Feldman, Fascism: The "Fascist Epoch", 2004, p. 174