Viktor Nikitich Lazarev (Russian: Ви́ктор Ники́тич Ла́зарев; 3 September (22 August O.S.) 1897 – 1 February 1976) was a Russian art critic and historian who specialized in medieval Byzantine, Russian, and Armenian religious art. He was the son of Nikita Lazarev, a Moscow architect, and was related by blood to Wassily Kandinsky.
Виктор Никитич Лазарев
|Born||3 September 1897|
(22 August 1897 O.S.)
|Died||1 February 1976 (aged 78)|
|Resting place||Vagankovo Cemetery|
|Education||Doctor of Arts|
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences
|Employer||Moscow State University|
|Awards||USSR State Prize|
Viktor studied at the Moscow State University in 1917—1920, and graduated from the Faculty of History and Philology. From 1924 to 1936 he worked as a Chief Curator, head of the art gallery department, and Deputy Director for Research at the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. He later taught at the Moscow State University, and since 1961 headed the faculty of History of Foreign Art. The faculty library was named "Lazarev cabinet" in his honour. He is buried at the Vagankovo Cemetery.
Lazarev was a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences since 1943. The Art History Institute in Moscow owes its origin to Lazarev's efforts. His magnum opus is The History of Byzantine Painting, published in 2 volumes in 1947 and 1948. It was translated into Italian in an expanded and revised version as Storia della pittura bizantina (1967). Lazarev was also known for his many writings on the Italian Renaissance, its beginnings and the evolution of Western portrait painting.
- Portrait in European Art of the 17th Century (Russian: Портрет в европейском искусстве XVII века), 1937
- Origins of the Italian Renaissance (Russian: Происхождение итальянского Возрождения), 1956-1959
- Andrei Rublev and Rublev's School (Russian: Андрей Рублёв и его школа), 1966
- Old Italian Masters (Russian: Старые итальянские мастера), 1972
- Kievan Rus' Mosaics and Frescoes (Russian: Древнерусские мозаики и фрески), 1973
- Byzantine and Kievan Rus' Art (Russian: Византийское и древнерусское искусство), 1978