Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman

Raja Sri Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman Bahadur (c May 1759 – 1 February 1807) was the ruler of the pudukottai kingdom from 30 December 1789 to 1 February 1807.[citation needed]

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman
Raja of Pudukkottai
Reign30 December 1789 – 1 February 1807
Coronation30 December 1789
PredecessorRaya Raghunatha Tondaiman
SuccessorVijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II
BornMay 1759
Pudukkottai, Pudukkottai state
Died1 February 1807 (aged 47)
FatherThirumalai Raya Tondaiman

Early lifeEdit

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman was born in May 1759 to Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman Sahib and was educated privately.[citation needed]


Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the death of his first cousin, Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman, the Raja of Pudukkottai without any male heirs.[citation needed] Vijaya Raghunatha's reign was a period of incessant wars in South India. Vijaya Raghunatha supported the British in the wars and in return for his services, he was given the title "Raja Bahadur" by Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah, the Nawab of the Carnatic on 17 October 1796.[citation needed] Vijaya Raghunatha played a pivotal role in Polygar Wars leading to the capture and arrest of Veerapandiya Kattabomman and his brother Oomaithurai by the British.[citation needed] The British recognized his services by handing him the territory of Kilanilai in 1803.[citation needed]

The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company in 1799, followed by the Ramnad and Sivaganga kingdoms which were reduced to the status of zamindari estates. The annexation of the Carnatic kingdom in 1801 made the British East India Company, the paramount power in South India. Pudukkottai was allowed to remain independent in recognition of the services the Tondaiman kings had rendered to the company.


Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman married Rani Brihannayaki Ayi Sahib and later, Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib.[citation needed] Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman had five sons of whom two survived him.[citation needed]


Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman died on 1 February 1807 at the age of 47. The junior queen Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib committed sati.[citation needed]



  • B. Dirks, Nicholas (1993). The Hollow Crown: Ethnohistory of an Indian Kingdom. University of Michigan. ISBN 978-0-472-08187-5.